Wednesday, March 3, 2010

Re: Medarticles papers

Buzz It
Dear ur 2nd article.

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Dharmender Rathee
M.S(PHARM) (Natural products)
NIPER Ahmedabad C/o B.V patel PERD Centre
S.G. Highway, Thaltej
Ahmedabad-54

--- On Thu, 4/3/10, Reinaldo <reinaldo.cano@gmail.com> wrote:

From: Reinaldo <reinaldo.cano@gmail.com>
Subject: Medarticles papers
To: medarticles@googlegroups.com
Date: Thursday, 4 March, 2010, 1:04 AM

Hi
 
Can somebody send me, these 2 papers?
Thanks in advance, Rei
 
 
 
 Hughes JP, Stovin PGJ. Segmental pulmonary aneurysms with peripheral venous thrombosis.
Br J Dis Chest 1959; 53:19-27.
 
 
Price LC, Montani D, Jaïs X, Dick JR, Simonneau G, Sitbon O, Mercier FJ, Humbert M.
Eur Respir J. 2009 Nov 6. [Epub ahead of print]PMID: 19897552 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2182 Weekly Report - NATO Strategic Concept's revision is an opportunity for the EU

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--- On Thu, 4/3/10, ISRIA <isria@orange.fr> wrote:

From: ISRIA <isria@orange.fr>
Subject: Weekly Report - NATO Strategic Concept's revision is an opportunity for the EU
To: "ISRIA" <isria@orange.fr>
Date: Thursday, 4 March, 2010, 2:04

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Weekly Report
NATO Strategic Concept's revision is an opportunity for the European Union

989 words - Change is inevitable and it's already taking place de facto with the revision of NATO Strategic Concept. As a new political, diplomatic and strategic environment emerges, there are new trends like climate change, energy or cyberthreat that will durably affect international security and NATO's mission as well. NATO countries face a new strategic landscape. "New technologies, new adversaries, and new ideologies threaten our security, and (...) there is little certainty about the future," U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told a seminar on 22 February 2010. Considering that in such new conditions, West's influence is very likely to decline while instability grows and multipolarity becomes the strategic standard, there is absolute need to reconsider the scope, the role and the task of NATO as a military organization and as what it must become to take up ongoing and upcoming challenges.

First task would consist of strengthening the Euro-American relationship after European complaints that the Obama administration doesn't care about Europe the same way its predecessors did. Indeed, many European officials voiced concern Asia became the top priority of U.S. foreign policy while, despite criticism from Washington circles, the Europeans remain the best and most powerful allies of the United States. Second task would be to agree on the threats' assesment and how to counter them. For example, Europe (mostly countries from Eastern Europe) sees more Russia as a threat than the U.S. does, especially because of energy crisis and 2008 South Ossetia War. Last year, the dramatic change brought to the controversial anti-missile shield which Polish and Czech officials described as "unilateral" cast some doubt over United States's consideration for Europe. The re-configuration of the anti-missile shield project finally made Russia even more unhappy than with the project of the Bush's years, especially because of its mobile components. And on such an important issue, a European consensus doesn't exist and that will be needed to give NATO its 21st century posture and its coherence. Yet there are very encouraging signs that show the United States would be willing to let Europe plays a greater role inside NATO and on the international stage too.

The EU now plays a growing role in overall transatlantic relations and is developing its capacities in the areas of foreign policy and defense because of significant changes which result from the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. Analysts agree that the EU adopted a broad definition of "security" that does not exactly fit with the one covered by NATO's treaty, among them energy and climate change. Political, social and economic dimensions have taken an importance which exceeds the military dimensions of NATO and which already prove decisive in what happens today, i.e. in Iran or in Darfur. Consequently, Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty, which says that an attack against one is an attack against all, will have to provide with a common and proportional response to emerging threats although it will remain the bedrock of the alliance. The Americans remember NATO's decision to invoke Article 5 for the first time in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. "It was the attacks of Sept. 11 and the Afghanistan campaign that turned what had been theoretical analysis into reality," U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates said at the National Defense University on 23 February 2010. "Few would have imagined that the first invocation of Article 5 in the alliance's history would follow an attack on the United States homeland by a nonstate entity based in a nation far beyond NATO's traditional borders - a desperately poor country scorned and ignored by the international community," he underlined.

According to American officials, the main issue for the future of NATO is that the European Union (EU) still does not live up to its potential due to contradictory forces into it that both encourage and oppose further development of the EU itself. As a result, NATO lacks needed capabilities and it renders both institutions less effective. Thus, a fundamental reconfiguration must support the building of a stronger EU. What's new is that there is greater consensus in Washington D.C. that a stronger EU will serve the long-term interest of a reinforced and more coherent NATO. Also, the U.S. seems to have great expectations with the Lisbon Treaty. France's rejoigning the NATO integrated military command structure on 4 April 2009 sent a very strong signal that continuing U.S. doubts on the consequences of a European defense were empty. The U.S. wants a deepening and more concrete, practical and operational partnership with the EU but the latter's defense efforts are too weak and must invest much in defense capabilities. Some U.S. officials rather see the EU as the civilian part of operations while the U.S. would be the military one.

To ride on the current wave of U.S. openness in its best interests, the EU must take a unified stance as for the revision of the NATO Strategic Concept. The U.S. apparently agrees with greater EU decision-making on the condition that the EU shares the burden as well. On 26 February 2010, the EU and NATO have agreed to set up a stable cooperation framework for joint and coordinated action, optimisation of resources and increasing operational safety and efficiency when they coincide in the same operational theatre, a statement by the Spanish Presidency reads. Such a cooperation will initially be centred on the joint use of transport helicopters and coordination of programmes to counter improvised explosives of the type that are found along roads in conflict zones. The EU-27 have decided to formally propose this initiative at the Council of Defence Ministers in Luxembourg at the end of April 2010 as part of the process of reinforcing its role under the terms of the Treaty of Lisbon. In the end, it is likely the changing world will give shape to the idea that the U.S. and a EU that is more autonomous and more capable in defense and security issues don't compete but aim at reaching the same objectives.

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Weekly Letter| #111 | Download as a PDF

Towards a true European security and foreign strategy?

Over recent decades, "Europe has been the region with the greatest capacity for economic growth and for building a welfare state. We must make a huge effort to regain and maintain that lead. Our foreign policy will be a decisive factor in creating the means that the world will use to tackle the challenges of the future", President of the Spanish Government, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero told Conference of Foreign Affairs Committee Chairpersons (COFACC) in Madrid on 25 February 2010. "We need political will to ensure a shared vision of international relations that can support multilateralism, the peaceful resolution of conflicts, solidarity with the underprivileged, and to spread democratic systems across every continent", he added, stressing the foreign action of the European Union (EU) should include defending its economic interests.

Full Article for Subscribers (1415 words)

Iran mobilizes its supports, deepens ties with Syria

During his two-day stay in Syria on 25-26 February 2010, Iranian President Ahmadinejad met and conferred with his Syrian counterpart Bashar al-Assad, a group of Palestinian leaders and Secretary General of Lebanese Hezbollah Hassan Nasrallah. His visit was in response to August 2009 visit to Tehran of Syrian President al-Assad. According to Iranian statements, Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki, Minister of Housing and Urban Development and the Iranian head of the Iran-Syria Joint Economic Commission, Ali Nikzad, Head of the Presidential Office Esfandiar Rahim Mashaie, President's senior aide Mojtaba Samareh Hashemi and a number of Majlis deputies accompanied the President in his visit. With top Syrian officials, they emphasized the strength of bilateral ties and discussed issues related to mutual ties as well as regional and international developments.

Full Article for Subscribers (895 words)

Australia faces a range of complex security challenges

On 23 February 2010, Australia launched (pdf) its 2010 Counter-Terrorism White Paper titled Securing Australia, Protecting Our Community. As Australia faces a range of complex, dynamic and evolving security challenges, the National Security Statement of 2008 previously set out the Government's vision for a coherent approach to addressing these challenges. An official statement reads that this White Paper reflects a number of improvements to Australia's approach to counter-terrorism. and that for the first time, it brings together, in a comprehensive manner, Australia's response to terrorism both domestically and internationally.

Full Article for Subscribers (751 words)

Organized crime requires the same attention as terrorism

Transnational issues, including drug trafficking and organized crime, are increasingly on the Security Council's agenda. This reflects the seriousness of the threat as drug trafficking and organized crime affect almost all aspects of the United Nations work: development, security, the environment, and the rule of law. A major step towards a tougher combat against organized crime has been Security Council's presidential statement of 8 December 2009 on peace and security in Africa that called (pdf) for the issue of drug trafficking and organized crime to be mainstreamed into the United Nations work throughout the conflict cycle.

Full Article for Subscribers (700 words)

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TESTfunda Daily Wordlist 04-Mar-10

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Testfunda
04-Mar-10
Daily WordlistPrevious Wordlists
exchequer [ EKS-chek-er ]
 noun ]
 MEANING :
 1. a treasury of a nation or state
2. the governmental department in charge of the public revenues in the U.K.
 USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
 Revenue loss due to unemployment has cost the exchequer dearly.
 USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
 It ends the unfair and differential treatment of part-time students whilst also demonstrating how amendments to graduate contributions could net the Exchequer £1bn for every cohort of students.
The Telegraph, Commentary: reducing access to university may be Labour's legacy, Prof Les Ebdon, 22 January 2010.
 
stratum [ STREY-tuh'm ]
 noun ]
 MEANING :
 1. one of many horizontal layers of material
2. a level of society composed of people with similar cultural, social or economic status
3. any of a number of levels, or divisions in an organized system
4. a layer of body tissue
 USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
 The explorers chanced upon a stratum of gold deep within the mountains.
 USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
 The upper stratum of the political class in the United States -- the candidates, the activists, the interest group leaders -- they are in fact more divided than they have been in quite a while.
CNN, The polarization myth, Lou Dobbs, 20 October 2004.
 
epistemologist [ i-pis-tuh'-MOL-uh'-jist ]
 noun ]
 MEANING :
 1. a specialist in the extent and validity of the nature of knowledge
2. a philosopher who studies the nature and theory of knowledge
 USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
 The class was asked to identify the epistemologist who wrote the essay on 'the theory of knowledge.'
 USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
 Taleb is a Lebanese options trader turned epistemologist.
The Telegraph, Tales of the unexpected, 31 May 2007.
 
vise [ vahys ]
 noun, transitive verb ]
 MEANING :
 1. (n.) a clamping device used to hold an object firmly in place while working on it
2. (tr. v.) to grip or hold firmly as in a clamp
 USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
 The locksmith was cutting a duplicate key from the key blank that was held in the vise.
 USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
 "All the projects are laid out on a table and we talk generally about how we're gonna take over the planet, take over the comedy and keep a vise grip on it."
CNN, 'Year One' polishes forbidden fruit in comedic poke at the Bible, Doug Ganley, 18 June 2009.
 
mutablility [ MYOO-tuh'-buh'l-uh'ti ]
 noun ]
 MEANING :
 1. the quality of being capable of alteration or change
 USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
 The company survived the economic disaster because of its mutability.
 USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
 If Shakespeare does have any hope of survival left then it surely lies with his sheer mutability.
BBC, Entertainment- What you think of the Bard, 7 September 1999.
 
Spelled Pronunciation Key
Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable, as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
CONSONANTS
[b] boy, baby, rob
[d] do, ladder, bed
[f] food, offer, safe
[g] get, bigger, dog
[h] happy, ahead
[j] jump, budget, age
[k] can, speaker, stick
[l] let, follow, still
[m] make, summer, time
[n] no, dinner, thin
[ng] singer, think, long
[p] put, apple, cup
[r] run, marry, far, store
[s] sit, city, passing, face
[sh] she, station, push
[t] top, better, cat
[ch] church, watching, nature, witch
[th] thirsty, nothing, math
[th'] this, mother, breathe
[v] very, seven, love
[w] wear, away
[hw] where, somewhat
[y] yes, onion
[z] zoo, easy, buzz
[zh] measure, television, beige
 
VOWELS
[a] apple, can, hat
[ey] aid, hate, day
[ah] arm, father, aha
[air] air, careful, wear
[aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
[e] ever, head, get
[ee] eat, see, need
[eer] ear, hero, beer
[er] teacher, afterward, murderer
[i] it, big, finishes
[ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
[o] odd, hot, woffle
[oh] owe, road, below
[oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
[oo'] good, book, put
[oi] oil, choice, toy
[ou] out, loud, how
[uh] up, mother, mud
[uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
[ur] early, bird, stirring
 
FOREIGN SOUNDS
[a*] Fr. ami
[kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
[œ] Fr. feu, Ger. schön
[r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
[uh*] Fr. oeuvre
[y*] Fr. tu, Ger. über
 
SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
[an*] Fr. bien
[ahn*] Fr. croissant
[awn*] Fr. bon
[œn*] Fr. parfum
[in*] Port. Principe
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TESTfunda - CAT Question of the Day 04-Mar-10

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Testfunda
04-Mar-10
CAT Question of the Day
Each of the questions below contains a number of sentences. Each sentence has pairs of word(s)/phrases that are highlighted. From the highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences. Then, from the options given, choose the best one.

We are not a republic of obtuse (A) /abstruse (B) men. We are affined (A) /affrayed (B) by a lot of responsibilities and obligations. Our forbears (A) /forebears (B) were gentlemanly men of dignity and honour. Nobody incriminates (A) /discriminates (B) us for our intelligent and logical war policy towards second strivers (A) /stringers (B).
OPTIONS
 
 1)AABAB
 2)BAABA
 3)BAAAB
 4)ABBAA
 5)AABBA
Tip of the Day
To keep your concentration levels high throughout the entire verbal section, try splitting it into two sections - RC and non-RC questions. Try and do something that is more mechanical in nature (for example, DI) in between these two sections.
Last year's Question of the day (04-Mar-09)
Five positive distinct integers a, b, c, d and e are selected such that a < c < e < b < d and following information is given





(iii) d = 25 - |7 + y|

 


What is the range of the sum p of these numbers?
OPTIONS
 
 1)(38, 105)
 2)(38, 105]
 3)(49, 103)
 4)(48, 104)
 5)None of these
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