Monday, April 19, 2010

[socialactionfoundationforequity:2448 No visa for HIV+ foreigners and NRI for Commonwealth games. NGO

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No visa for HIV+ foreigners and NRI for Commonwealth games. NGO
http://www.dnaindia .com/india/ report_check- hiv-status- before-
issuing- visa-to-tourists -for-commonwealt h-games_1373242

Check HIV status before issuing visa to tourists for Commonwealth

PTI Monday, April 19, 2010 18:43 IST

New Delhi: To check spread of sexually-transmitte d diseases during
Commonwealth Games, an NGO working for the welfare of prostitutes in
the national capital has asked the government to grant visas to
tourists only after ensuring that they are not HIV positive.

'Bhartiya Patita Uddhar Sabha' has asked Union health minister Ghulam
Nabi Azad and external affairs minister SM Krishna to instruct Indian
diplomatic missions abroad "not to issue visa to any foreigner or NRI
without production of medical certificate that he/she is HIV

"Similarly, no Indian, visiting abroad may be issued visa without
production of similar medical certificate, " the letter said.

Lakhs of foreigners are expected to visit Delhi during the sporting
extravaganza from October 3 to 14.

"That is why we have requested the Central government to check medical
certificate of individuals before giving visas to them," NGO president
Khirati Lal Bhola said.

He said the mega sporting event poses a great threat and challenge to
the government to put a check on sexually- transmitted diseases.

"Any foreigner found with HIV, must be hospitalised and action taken
against the Embassy which had issued it," he said.

According to National Aids Control Organisation (Naco), about 2.5
million are suffering from Aids in India.

"It is expected that during the Commonwealth Games, the cases of AIDS
may rise further as thousands of foreigners apart from sports-persons
and officials will visit India to witness the games," the letter

The NGO is working for the welfare of about 5,000 prostitutes in about
116 brothels at the G B Road in New Delhi.

Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2447 Child Health News Update

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--- On Tue, 20/4/10, Editor <> wrote:

From: Editor <>
Subject: Child Health News Update
Date: Tuesday, 20 April, 2010, 5:06

Problems reading this email? Click here to browse online.
Latest Child Health News

OECs may hold promise for treating children with cerebral palsy
A unique cell type that supports and surrounds (ensheathes) neurons within the nose (olfactory system) known as olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs), possess the ability to regenerate, are relatively easy to obtain, and have become prime candidates for transplantation to repair a number of lesions in the central nervous system (CNS).

Questions posed concerning the impact that nutrition in womb, early life has on healthy life chances
The evidence emerging from the EC funded EARNEST Project is beginning to shine some light into intriguing and potentially difficult ethical questions concerning the impact that nutrition in the womb and in early life has on our healthy life chances.

Methotrexate therapy not recommended beyond 6 months after remission: JAMA
For patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis in remission, withdrawal of treatment with the drug methotrexate over 12 months vs. 6 months did not reduce the rate of relapse, according to a study in the April 7 issue of JAMA.

Milwaukee child care directors unnecessarily send mild illness children home: Study
In a new study, researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, working with Community Coordinated Child Care, have found that many metropolitan Milwaukee child care directors would unnecessarily send children with mild illnesses home.

7% of elementary school children infected with T. tonsurans: Pediatrics
Approximately 7 percent of elementary school children across the bi-state, Kansas City metropolitan area are infected with the fungus Trichophyton tonsurans, the leading cause of ringworm in the U.S., according to a new study published today in Pediatrics.

Study: Tobacco company's nicotine pellet can lead to accidental nicotine poisoning in children
A tobacco company's new, dissolvable nicotine pellet--which is being sold as a tobacco product, but which in some cases resembles popular candies--could lead to accidental nicotine poisoning in children, according to a new study from the Harvard School of Public Health, the Northern Ohio Poison Control Center, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration.

Health Net of Arizona to sponsor 2010 March for Babies event
Health Net of Arizona is proud to sponsor the 2010 Arizona March of Dimes - March for Babies. For over 25 years, Health Net has supported the March of Dimes in its mission.

Celebrities, sports stars join March for Babies event to fight preterm birth
With two weeks to go to most March for Babies events, celebrities, sports stars, and elected officials pledged to join the March of Dimes to fight preterm birth and give all babies a healthy start in life. Preterm birth is the number one killer of newborns in the United States, and babies who survive often face lifelong health problems.

Tools and applications of QI methodology in Neonatal-Perinatal practice
The March 2010 issue of Clinics in Perinatology, published by Elsevier, provides Neonatologists and Maternal-Fetal-Medicine specialists with the tools and concepts necessary to understand Quality Improvement (QI) methodology and to initiate QI projects within their own practices and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).

MEDIHONEY dressings effective in treating chronic wounds in children
Chronic, non-healing wounds can be a serious problem for children as many currently available treatment modalities can be too harsh or toxic. At the 2010 Symposium on Advanced Wound Care (SAWC) and the Wound Healing Society (WHS), an international conference drawing clinicians from all over the globe which was held April 17-20 in Orlando, two clinicians presented case series illustrating the benefits of MEDIHONEY® dressings for this challenging patient population.

HHS and CMS announce grants to improve enrollment of eligible AI/AN uninsured children in Medicaid and CHIP
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) today announced grants to 41 health programs operated by the Indian Health Service; tribes and tribal organizations; and urban Indian organizations. The grants will help improve outreach and enrollment of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) uninsured children eligible for, but not enrolled in, their state's Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Programs (CHIP).

U-M Health System physicians to discuss childhood obesity
As First Lady Michelle Obama launches initiatives to fight childhood obesity, physicians from the top-ranked University of Michigan Health System are available to discuss childhood obesity and what efforts are successful at keeping children healthy.

YogaKids to bring relief to Haiti's children
Fund raising is as easy as breathing, moving your body and having fun. At least that's how children from around the world will likely view it as they get set for four consecutive days of yoga, April 22-25, 2010. It's all part of Children Helping Children, a worldwide, coordinated effort to bring relief to Haiti's children.

Increasing Kansas' tobacco tax by $1 will bring in $74.7M revenue
Newly announced budget projections show the need to raise Kansas' cigarette tax by $1, according to a coalition of public health groups. Studies show increasing the cigarette tax by $1 would bring in $74.7 million in needed revenue, while raising the tax at a similar rate on smokeless tobacco and other tobacco products would raise an additional $23 million.

Open-heart surgery brings life back to 7-year-old boy
A 7-year-old boy who was brought to the United States to have his congenital heart defect repaired had successful open-heart surgery Thursday at the Children's Center at Sutter Medical Center, Sacramento by pediatric cardiothoracic surgeon Teimour Nasirov, M.D., and assisted by Mohan Reddy, M.D., an internationally renowned pediatric heart surgeon from Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford.

U.N. Secretary-General calls on international community to adopt new initiatives to reduce maternal, newborn mortality
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced a new initiative aimed at improving reproductive, maternal and newborn health on Wednesday at a meeting of international leaders, in an effort to accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development Goal for reducing maternal deaths, Inter Press Service reports (Suozzi, 4/15).

Handheld SD-OCT device helps examine vitreoretinal interface in infants with SBS
Ophthalmologists examining infants for possible Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) found that a handheld Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) device provided high-resolution images of the retina and the vitreoretinal interface in infants with SBS, reports a study in the current issue of Retina, The Journal of Retinal and Vitreous Diseases.

ADHD behaviors in children associated with serotonin activity and self-blame
ADHD may be caused by alterations in the serotonin neurotransmission system combined with a tendency to experience psychosocial distress. Researchers writing in BioMed Central's open access journal Behavioral and Brain Functions found that ADHD behaviors in children and adolescents were associated with interactions between low and high serotonin activity and self-blame in relation to inter-parental conflict.

Nine-year-old cancer patient benefits from procedure to magnetically extend her leg
Nine-year-old Morgan LaRue is the first cancer patient in Texas to benefit from a groundbreaking procedure that will magnetically lengthen her leg, sparing her the possibility of up to 10 future surgeries as her body grows. The implant and extension took place at Texas Children's Cancer Center in Houston, Texas.

Cancer Research UK announces launch of new team to co-ordinate children's cancer trials
Birmingham will be at the forefront of developments in childhood cancer research thanks to the launch of a new team which will co-ordinate groundbreaking clinical trials across the UK.

Second Annual Superhero event to drive awareness for child abuse prevention
It's a bird, it's a plane - yes, that's Superman making his way through North Park along with the rest of his Super Friends in the Second Annual Superhero 5K/1K Run/Walk, a unique event designed to drive awareness for child abuse prevention and support organizations that rehabilitate and heal the victims of abuse.

Diabetic mice generate new insulin-producing cells following extreme cell destruction
Type 1 diabetes is the most common cause of diabetes in children, although it may occur at any age. Also called juvenile diabetes, this pathology usually results from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing cells of the pancreas.

Exergen's TemporalScanner effective alternative to rectal thermometry
According to a recent study published by the Journal of Pediatric Nursing, "The utilization of temporal artery thermometry offers a reliable method to measure temperature while also offering significant comfort benefits to children, decreasing risks associated with the rectal thermometry method, improving the quality and efficiency of nursing care, and improving patient and family satisfaction."

Long-term monitoring and education needed to protect lungs of young patients
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators have identified childhood cancer survivors who are at increased risk for deteriorating lung health, in part due to the lifesaving bone marrow transplants they underwent years earlier.

IFT offers support for President's Task Force on Childhood Obesity
In comments delivered to the Obama Administration, the Institute of Food Technologists today offered its support for the President's Task Force on Childhood Obesity and efforts by First Lady Michelle Obama designed to raise awareness on the critical issue of childhood obesity.

Screening urine dipstick to diagnose chronic kidney disease in children not cost-effective
The routine use of a screening urine dipstick to diagnose chronic kidney disease in healthy children is not a cost-effective test, confirm Penn State College of Medicine researchers, who validated an American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation.

Low levels of vitamin D associated with lower lung function in children with asthma
Low levels of vitamin D are associated with lower lung function and greater medication use in children with asthma, according to researchers at National Jewish Health. In a paper published online this week in the Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology, Daniel Searing, MD, and his colleagues also reported that vitamin D enhances the activity of corticosteroids, the most effective controller medication for asthma.

Medication and behaviour therapy help children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Medication and behavioural interventions help children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) better maintain attention and self control by normalising activity in the same brain systems, according to researchers at The University of Nottingham.

Universal screening test for CMV infection is not effective, says study
DNA analysis of dried blood samples routinely collected from newborns did not effectively identify an infection that is a major cause of hearing loss in children, according to a study in the April 14 issue of JAMA.

AstraZeneca contributes $1M for expansion of Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children
Surrounded by over 100 Nemours Associates, Rich Fante, President, AstraZeneca, U.S., presented Nemours President David J. Bailey, MD, MBA with a ceremonial check for $1 million, announcing AstraZeneca's contribution to the expansion of Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children in Wilmington, Delaware.

Joint psychoanalytic treatment may benefit both mother and child
Even when a baby has been longed for, some mothers might have trouble bonding with their baby, who in turn may develop disturbed behaviour, such as crying, poor sleeping patterns and breast refusal.

Phase I clinical trial of DFMO initiated to treat children with neuroblastoma
A new Phase I clinical trial sponsored by the Vermont Cancer Center at the University of Vermont and Fletcher Allen Health Care has opened to test the investigational drug DFMO, or alpha-difluoromethylornithine, as a treatment for the pediatric cancer neuroblastoma.

New strategy, more funding needed to meet maternal, child health MDGs
"Dozens of countries are unlikely to meet" the Millennium Development Goal targets related to maternal and child health without a new strategy and an additional $20 billion each year, according to a report released Tuesday, the Canadian Press reports (Lederer, 4/14).

Ophthalmologist implants radioactive discs in the eyes of children with rare cancer
An ophthalmologist at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis is implanting radioactive discs in the eyes of children with a rare cancer in an attempt to save their vision and their eyes.

CDHP applauds dental coverage in health care reform legislation
The Children's Dental Health Project (CDHP) today applauded the historic dental health care provisions that were recently enacted as part of the health care reform legislation signed into law by President Obama. The provisions contained in the legislation represent an unprecedented investment in the oral health of all Americans, especially children.

A renewed effort to reduce global toll of maternal and child deaths
Widespread global use of known and proven maternal and childcare techniques, practices, and therapies could save the lives of millions of women, newborns and children each year, according to a new analysis prepared for a mid-April meeting of world leaders and technical experts on maternal and child health.

SBUMC adds Toshiba Aquilion ONE \320-detector row CT system with pediatric imaging capabilities
A new state-of-the art computed tomography (CT) scanner that provides physicians with precise images of internal organs with a single rotation of the gantry is now in operation at Stony Brook University Medical Center (SBUMC), adding to the hospital's advanced scanner technology.

SCL provides affordable orthodontic program for children
You've done your taxes and 2009 proved to be a pretty bad year. Your tax return shows just how much less money your family earned, making the possibility of providing orthodontic treatment for your children this year even more distant.

Parents' wartime deployment can have an impact on children's behavioral problems
The current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have resulted in extended and repeated combat-related deployments of U.S. military service members. While much has been reported about the problems, both physical and psychological, many bring back with them, new research out of UCLA shows that the family back home can have issues as well.

UCSF: Obesity prevention strategies must start as early as possible
To be a truly comprehensive and successful anti-obesity program, First Lady Michelle Obama's "Let's Move" campaign must include interventions that target pregnant women, infants, and pre-school-age children, UCSF experts say.

Scientists develop new guidelines to help doctors diagnose brain tumours in children
Scientists at Birmingham Children's Hospital and the Universities of Nottingham and Southampton have developed new guidelines that should help doctors to diagnose brain tumours in children more quickly.

Second stage of pool laws will cost a precious buck to 70% pool owners
The Bligh Government yesterday released further changes in the pool safety laws and nearly 70% of all Gold Coast and Queensland homes with pools, including portable and inflatable ones will need to spend extra on upgrades.

Liverpool to ban the word "obese" - offensive to fat kids!
Liverpool City Council is seriuously considering a ban on the word "obese" because it is offensive to overweight and fat children. They plan to replace it with 'unhealthy weight'. Many parents and health authorities cosider this too much and condemn it as 'preposterous'. This idea originated at a mock parliament held in a Liverpool school manned by around 90 students.!.aspx

Spare the rod – kids spanked more likely to be aggressive
As the saying goes, "spare the rod and spoil the child". Many organizations including American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Psychological Association have found that this is a wrong statement and spanking a child may do more harm than good.

Vital Images, Arkansas Children's Hospital collaborate to develop Vitrea pediatric cardiac application
Vital Images, Inc., a leading provider of advanced visualization and analysis software, announced today that it is collaborating with Arkansas Children's Hospital of Little Rock, Ark., to develop a Vitrea® pediatric cardiac application. The software is an advanced visualization tool designed specifically to meet the unique cardiac features and patient care requirements presented by pediatric patients.

Antibiotic-resistant pneumococci increase rate of bacterial infections in children
In the decade since the introduction of pneumococcal vaccination, significant shifts have occurred in the bacterial strains causing serious pneumococcal infections in children, according to a pair of studies in the April issue of The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal ( The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health, a leading provider of information and business intelligence for students, professionals, and institutions in medicine, nursing, allied health, and pharmacy.

Camp Okizu's brain tumor weekend program has new benefactor
Camp Okizu, a non-profit camp in northern California for kids with cancer and their families, has a new benefactor for its weekend program for families of children with brain tumors. In honor of Silicon Valley executive James W. Hebert, who died from a brain tumor at age 54 in 2006, his wife, Ronni Sarmanian, also a former tech executive, has committed to sponsor the event. This annual event, which will be called the James W. Hebert Family Camp, begins April 16 and coincides with Hebert's birthday, April 13.

UPMC Health Plan to host training session on child health- We Can!
UPMC Health Plan will host a two-day training session designed to teach community leaders about We Can! (Ways to Enhance Children's Activity & Nutrition) April 27-28, 2010, at Marriott City Center Hotel, Uptown.!.aspx

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Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi
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Medarticles need article

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dear group members i need this article.......please help me

thank u

J Chromatogr A. 2004 Jul 23;1043(2):323-7.

Solvent-free microwave extraction of essential oil from aromatic herbs: comparison with conventional hydro-distillation.

Lucchesi ME, Chemat F, Smadja J.

Laboratoire de Chimie des Substances, Naturelles et des Sciences des Aliments, Faculté des Sciences et Technologies, Université de la Réunion, 15 Avenue René Cassin, BP 7151, F-97715 Saint Denis Messag Cedex 9, La Réunion, France DOM.


Solvent-free microwave extraction (SFME) is a combination of microwave heating and dry distillation, performed at atmospheric pressure without added any solvent or water. Isolation and concentration of volatile compounds are performed by a single stage. SFME has been compared with a conventional technique, hydro-distillation (HD), for the extraction of essential oil from three aromatic herbs: basil (Ocimum basilicum L.), garden mint (Mentha crispa L.), and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.). The essential oils extracted by SFME for 30min were quantitatively (yield) and qualitatively (aromatic profile) similar to those obtained by conventional hydro-distillation for 4.5 h. The SFME method yields an essential oil with higher amounts of more valuable oxygenated compounds, and allows substantial savings of costs, in terms of time, energy and plant material. SFME is a green technology and appears as a good alternative for the extraction of essential oils from aromatic plants.

PMID: 15330107 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Biotechnology Division
U.P. 226015

Mob. +919369304198


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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2445 OHCHR saddened by demise of activist Jay Kishore Labh

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OHCHR saddened by demise of activist Jay Kishore Labh

18 April Kathmandu,

United Nations Human Rights Office in Nepal (OHCHR) is deeply saddened
to learn of the untimely demise of human rights defender, Jay Kishore
Labh, of Danusha.
Mr Labh's son Sanjiv Kumar Karn (Dipu) disappeared on October 2003
along with four other students who were arrested by police in Janakpur
and have not been seen again. Mr Labh, a lawyer, fought tirelessly for
the disclosure of the fate of the disappeared students and for those
responsible to be held to account.

The case has become an emblematic one for many victims and human
rights defender organizations, including OHCHR. When the UN High
Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, visited Nepal last year,
she visited Janakpur and held an interaction with Mr Labh and other
family members of the disappeared. She also met with the
Superintendent of Police (SP) of the Nepal Police in Danusha and
called on him to complete the investigation into the disappearance of
the five students. OHCHR has continued to follow up on the case,
alongside others such as NHRC, and only 10 days ago urged the IGP to
complete the investigation.

The fate of most of those who were disappeared by the State and by the
then Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) during the conflict remains
unknown, despite repeated requests for clarification by their families
and human rights organizations.

'Jay Kishore Labh was a sensitive and determined man who, despite
health problems that were almost certainly exacerbated by the anguish
of his loss and his outrage at ongoing impunity, fought courageously
to obtain justice for his son and others who were disappeared. I would
like to extend my deepest condolences to his family on behalf of OHCHR
and once again call on the authorities in the Home Ministry to
disclose the fate of the disappeared students in Danusha and bring to
justice those responsible." said Richard Bennett, the Representative
of OHCHR-Nepal.

Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2445 NDC, NHRC and OHCHR welcome verdict on caste-based discrimination and urge swift implementation

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NDC, NHRC and OHCHR welcome verdict on caste-based discrimination and
urge swift implementation

21 March, Kathmandu.
Describing it as an important step forward in the fight against
discrimination in Nepal, the
National Dalit Commission (NDC), the National Human Rights Commission
(NHRC) and the
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal (OHCHR-
Nepal) welcome an
important judgment in a case involving discrimination on the ground of
In a recent case, decision made public on 9 March 2010, the Baitadi
District Court found that,
in July 2009, the main defendant physically assaulted the father of a
groom during a wedding
ceremony for practicing "rituals reserved for high- caste
communities". The District Court
sentenced the accused to one year imprisonment to a fine of five
thousand rupees. We note
the judgment of Baitadi District Court and welcome the Court
This verdict follows one issued in January 2009 by the same District
Court in a similar case.
In October 2007, 12 Dalits were physically assaulted and some of their
belongings were after
they refused to follow discriminatory rituals at Uddayadev temple in
Baitadi district during
Dasain and Tihar festival. In this case, the main perpetrator was
sentenced to two years
imprisonment and a fine of rupees twenty five thousand. The decision
was upheld by the
Kanchanpur Appellate Court on 23 August 2009.
The verdicts are in accordance with international law and article 14
of the Interim
Constitution of Nepal, which states that acts of racial discrimination
and untouchability "shall
be liable to punishment and the victim shall be liable to compensation
(…)". Referring to the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms
of Racial Discrimination, the court emphasized that "Discrimination
based on the principle of
caste supremacy is […] morally unacceptable, socially unjust and
However, the three organizations are deeply concerned by the fact that
the culprit in the
earlier case was nominated for a public position subsequent to his
conviction. On 22
September 2009, he was nominated by the Building and Residence Section
of the Ministry of
Physical Planning and Works to the Town Development Committee in
The NDC, NHRC and OHCHR urge the authorities to to abide by the
verdict regarding the
above appointment, to enforce both sentences without delay and to
undertake specific
measures to promote social awareness on the issue of caste-base

Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2441 Maternal Mortality: What it will take to Change

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--- On Mon, 19/4/10, Melanie Boyer, Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) <> wrote:

From: Melanie Boyer, Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) <>
Subject: Maternal Mortality: What it will take to Change
Date: Monday, 19 April, 2010, 23:22

Dear Avnish,

Last week,  the Lancet  reported a decrease in maternal deaths from a staggering half a million each year to approximately 350,000. While there are conflicting reports about these numbers, any number in the hundreds of thousands is still unacceptable. What matters now is how we are going to reduce the number to zero.

CHANGE has several policy recommendations that have the potential to decrease global maternal deaths. Coordinating and integrating HIV and maternal health services is vital, particularly considering that HIV led to 60,000 maternal deaths last year. CHANGE President Serra Sippel discussed our recommendations last week in several media outlets, including the Huffington Post, Al Jazeera English, and a letter to the editor in the New York TimesTake a read and let us know what you think--

Many thanks,

Melanie Boyer
Communications Director
Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE)
202-393-5930 x15

Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2441 New York, 19 April 2010 - Secretary-General's remarks at opening of the Ninth Session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

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New York, 19 April 2010 - Secretary-General's remarks at opening of
the Ninth Session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

Thank you, Mr. Chairman, Distinguished Elders, Distinguished
representatives of Indigenous Peoples' Organizations, Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

It is my great pleasure to welcome you to the Ninth Session of the
United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.

Many of you have traveled long distances to be here today, and I thank
you very much.

Indigenous peoples often live in the most isolated places on earth –
from the Arctic to the African savannah.

But the United Nations is working to make sure that indigenous people
themselves are not isolated.

You have a unique place in the global community. You are full and
equal members of the United Nations family.

And we will continue to support and protect your human rights and
fundamental freedoms, and your right to pursue social and economic

I attach great importance to the United Nations Declaration on the
Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which was adopted in September 2007.

In that landmark document, UN Member States and indigenous peoples
sought to reconcile with their painful histories and resolved to move
forward together towards human rights, justice and development for

I congratulate you once again on this achievement.

Ladies and gentlemen,

We have made significant progress on indigenous peoples' issues at the
United Nations over the past forty years.

Apart from the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, other
notable achievements include the establishment of this Permanent
Forum, the mandate of the Special Rapporteur, and the Expert Mechanism
on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Indigenous issues are more prominent on the international agenda than
ever before.

And yet, we can not even begin to be content with our progress.

The first-ever United Nations report on the State of the World's
Indigenous Peoples in January set out some alarming statistics.

Indigenous peoples suffer high levels of poverty, health problems,
crime and human rights abuses all over the world.

You make up some five per cent of the world's population – but one-
third of the world's poorest.

In some countries, an indigenous person is 600 times more likely to
contract tuberculosis than the general population.

In others, an indigenous child can expect to die twenty years earlier
than his non-native compatriots.

Every day, indigenous communities face issues of violence, brutality
and dispossession.

Indigenous cultures, languages and ways of life are under constant
threat from climate change, armed conflict, lack of educational
opportunities and discrimination.

Elsewhere, your cultures are being distorted, commodified, and used to
generate profits which do not benefit indigenous people, and can even
lead to harm.

This is not only a tragedy for indigenous people.

It is a tragedy for the whole world.

Slowly but surely, people are coming to understand that the well-being
and sustainability of indigenous peoples are matters that concern us

Diversity is strength - in cultures and in languages, just as it is in

The loss of irreplaceable cultural practices and means of artistic
expression makes us all poorer, wherever our roots may lie.

According to current forecasts, ninety per cent of all languages could
disappear within 100 years. The loss of these languages erodes an
essential component of a group's identity.

That is why the special theme of your forum this year, "Development
with Culture and Identity," is particularly appropriate. It highlights
the need to craft policy measures that promote development while
respecting indigenous peoples' values and traditions.

We need development that is underpinned by the values of reciprocity,
solidarity and collectivity. And we need development that allows
indigenous peoples to exercise their right to self-determination
through participation in decision-making on an equal basis.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

The United Nations will continue to support you.

I call on all Governments, indigenous peoples, the UN system and all
other partners to ensure that the vision behind the Declaration on the
Rights of Indigenous Peoples becomes a reality for all.

I wish you a very successful Forum.

Thank you very much.

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2441 [AIDS ASIA] AIDS on the Heroin Road

Buzz It
--- On Tue, 20/4/10, <> wrote:

From: <>
Subject: [AIDS ASIA] AIDS on the Heroin Road
Date: Tuesday, 20 April, 2010, 7:00



http://english. aljazeera. net/programmes/ peopleandpower/ 2010/03/20103249 39200598. html


AIDS on the Heroin Road

When Nato and its allies went to war in Afghanistan, the alliance promised to curtail the export of drugs to Europe.
Since then, the West has spent hundreds of millions of dollars setting up local agencies to fight drug trafficking, not just in Afghanistan but also along the main opium and heroin route through the former Soviet republics of Central Asia.

As filmmaker Michael Andersen reports, the region is now facing another danger, a potential epidemic of HIV infections.

Madina is four years old. Her mother took her to a hospital one year ago because she was running a fever. Like many hospitals in Central Asia, this one too was sorely strapped for supplies.

Although Madina's mother paid for a fresh needle, the one that was used on her was not and she got infected with the HIV virus.

In 2008, about 170 children in Kyrgyzstan were infected in the same manner and there are similar cases throughout Central Asia. Fourteen doctors were fired – but nobody was indicted and families are still waiting for compensation.

"I didn't know that this disease even existed in Kyrgyzstan. I brought my daughter to the hospital, because she had pneumonia. I think she caught the virus from an IV drip which they put in her arm. I saw the nurses use the same syringe for several children," Dinara, Manira's mother, said.

"My husband did not understand this illness. When our daughter was diagnosed, he left me," the mother of another infected child says.

"People here think we are to blame, that the illness is caused by the mothers not behaving properly."


The drugs are smuggled from Afghanistan through Central Asia and Russia to Europe

The fate of the children has resulted from poverty and a lack of information, but also geography: These children live on a modern day version of the silk road - the route that the heroin and opium now travel - from producers in Afghanistan to buyers in Europe.

"It is a fact that HIV spreads in the wake of drugs in Central Asia, so the places where drugs are smuggled, that's where you find the HIVs. 

"The drugs go all the way through Afghanistan, through Tajikistan, through the rest of Central Asia which is a hub for drug smuggling, further on to Russia and to Europe," Pia Dyrhagen of Dan Church Aid in Kyrgyzstan said.

However, Central Asian governments tend to ignore - even suppress - information about HIV. Officially, only two persons per 1,000 are infected with the virus.

"Experts say you can easily multiply that number with up to 10 and then you get the actual number of HIV infected, meaning actually more than two per cent of the population could be HIV infected," Dyrhagen said.

Two to three per cent infected among 50 million means that there is potentially one million people with HIV.

Dyrhagen said: "The last 10 years maybe 15 years since HIV broke out in the region it was limited to risk groups. Limited to injecting drug users, to comercial sex workers, to men having sex with men, but what you see these years is that it's bridging to the general population.

"It's bridging through women having sexual relations with injecting drug users, it's labour migrants coming back from Russia where the HIV prevalence is higher, and you also have these cases of children getting infected in hospitals. Combined with a quite low level of awareness of HIV and how to protect yourself, this is like a bomb."

Local drug agencies

The UN says that Central Asia's drug control agencies seize two per cent of the drugs

In order to stop the drugs coming from Afghanistan through Central Asia to Europe, the West has spent tens of millions of dollars setting up local drug control agencies. 

Stopping the drugs at source was one of Nato's justifications for the war in Afghanistan.

But so far, with very limited success.

According to the United Nations six million doses of heroin enter Tajikistan every day, and the government agencies in Central Asia seize only two per cent of the drugs travelling through the region.

Khushnud Rakhmatullaev, the spokesman for the Tajik border police, said it was fairly easy to cross the 1,300 km border with Afghanistan.

"Our border guards are patrolling on foot. Sometimes they have to walk 20-30km a day, and they're only young kids. I would estimate that we confiscate maybe 10 or 12 per cent of the drugs which are smuggled into Tajikistan.

"Tajikistan is just a transit country. Most of the drugs just pass through our region and go on to destroy somebody's life in Russia, Europe or the America," he said.

Entangled in criminal networks

The responsible UN agency believes that another problem is also significant. "The police have themselves become closely entangled in criminal networks engaged in contraband and drugs trafficking, " the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) reports.

As we travelled further along the drugs route, this view was supported. Although the police would not speak to us, some drug users alleged police involvement in the drugs trade.

"If you're a new face round here, trying to buy drugs, the police will arrest you in a second. They will arrest you, so that they can come to an 'agreement' with you. Get a bribe from you. You pay them and they let you go. Without the police there would be no drugs here," one former addict in a drop-in centre for recovering drug addicts in Khujand said.

Another addict said: "They say that there are no drugs in the prisons. Officially there are no drugs in the prisons here. But practically in all prisons there are drugs.

"But how can the drugs get in when they are heavily guarded and allow no visitors. The only explanation is that the police bring it in. This is a simple proof that the police themselves are involved in drug dealing. Where I was in prison, 80 per cent were drug addicts."

The UN estimates that there are almost half a million drug addicts in Central Asia, the huge majority injecting heroine. Experts warn that it is a particular worry here in Central Asia that addicts often share needles.

"Sometime you don't have a choice. You're sitting there in the prison and there's only one needle. And that needle will be used by 50 or 100 people in one day."

In Osh, in southern Kyrgyzstan, we had agreed an interview at the drugs control agency. But when we arrived, the agency had been closed down by the Kyrgyz president - no official reason was given.

As a result, Kyrgyzstan, a key point on the drugs and HIV trail, is now left without a special agency for combating the drugs trade.

Lack of information

Prostitution plays an important role in the spread of HIV in Central Asia

Often drug addiction drives women into prostitution. In Osh - a town with half a million people - and maybe as many as 10,000 drug addicts, there are now more than 1,000 commercial sex workers.

The organisation, 'Podruga', runs information sessions for them about the importance of using condoms.

Prostitution is a key factor in the spread of HIV. Nevertheless, many men here will pay double the fee for sex without a condom.

According to experts the lack of information is one of biggest problems when trying to combat Aids in Central Asia.

"One thing that is still a taboo here, is the use of condoms. And if you start talking about condoms, it implies that you are not faithful to your partner, that you have other partners," Dyrhagen said.

"We made a survey, of the population in the southern regions, where HIV is most widespread, showing that 30 per cent of the respondents said that they didn't believe that condoms prevented HIV."

With poverty forcing millions of young men from Central Asia to go and work in Russia, many come back with more than just money.

"We have numbers on HIV prevalence among commercial sex workers, street prostitutes, in St. Petersburg in Russia, that 92 per cent of the street prostitutes are injecting drug users, and 50 per cent of them are HIV positive. These are the cheapest prostitutes, prostitutes on the street, and those are the ones that Tajik, Kyrgyz, whatever, labour migrants would go to.

"This is what is happening, Central Asia labour migrants will go to prostitutes, in Russia, without using condoms, getting infected, coming back to their family, wife, etc. in Central Asia, and of course transfer the HIV to them," Dyrhagen said.

Imams inform about HIV

Some Tajik imams started raising issues like drugs and the spread of HIV in the mosque 

This situation has now convinced a group of 30 imams in Tajikistan to bring information about HIV into the mosque.

It was Manizha Haitova, the director of the Centre of Mental Health and HIV/Aids Takikistan, who came up with this unique project which is supported by Christian aid organisations.

"The imams and Islam, this is the only way, the only instruments for influence, deep influence to the people.

"In the Muslim society using condoms can only be between wife and husband. 

"After our training, our participants, the imams, they provide information that if you have some behaviour, risky behaviour, abroad from the country, you should use condoms with your wife," Manizha says.

Before the Friday prayer, a leading imam told us about his participation in the project. The imams are now mentioning condoms in their services, but most are still more keen on stressing abstinence and monogamy.

"Our responsibility is to warn our congregations against using drugs and having  improper sexual relations. The only guarantee is to live by Sharia law, and by the law given by God in the Quran, in the Torah and in the Bible.

"Using condoms is one way of avoiding the disease, but a condom can break. There is a Tajik saying: if you do not want to be bitten by a mad dog, just do not go close to any mad dogs," Abdulbasir Saidov, the imam of Shomansur mosque, said.

Aids on the heroin road aired from Wednesday, March 24, 2010.

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Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi
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