Thursday, May 13, 2010

Medarticles 1 article

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Y chromosome sequences in Turner's syndrome: association with
virilization and gonadoblastoma
Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism
Oct-Nov, 16, 8, 2003, 1157–1163
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14594176 [code]

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2622 Prostitutes flock to SA ahead of World Cup

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Prostitutes flock to SA ahead of World Cup
http://nehandaradio.com/2010/05/13/prostitutes-flock-to-sa-ahead-of-world-cup/

Diaspora, Headlines — By admin on May 13, 2010 at 11:52 am
By Savious Kwinika

Johannesburg — Zimbabwe's sex workers are deserting their country for
greener pastures in South Africa as the World Cup 2010 draws nearer,
causing human rights and church groups worldwide to call for measures
to curb human trafficking and prostitution. But the economic promise
offered by the arrival of some 500,000 World Cup foreign fans is
already attracting impoverished workers.

"If ever there was time to make money, this is the right time," says
Shuvai, a Zimbabwean commercial sex worker working at Maxime Hotel in
Johannesburg.

The 22-year-old says she arrived in Johannesburg on March 27 with
eight fellow prostitutes from Zimbabwe, north of the Limpopo River.
She says that she came because of all the international visitors for
the World Cup, June 11 – July 11.

The event is no stranger to the sex trade. The 2006 World Cup in
Germany, where brothels and prostitution is legalized, brought on an
additional influx of an estimated 40,000 sex workers – plus a lot of
criticism from rights groups. South Africa's Central Drug Central
Authority has also estimated that 40,000 sex workers will come to
Johannesburg for the 2010 World Cup, though the agency gives no
reasoning for this figure.

A check of eight popular Johannesburg hotels – Maxime Hotel, Royal
Hotel, Hillbrow Inn, Ambassador Hotel, Diplomat Hotel, Little Rose
Hotel, Summit Hotel, and Orion Devonshire Hotel – and others in
Sandton, Fourways, Crego, Rosebank, Midrand, and Boksburg showed them
to be filled with newly arrived prostitutes, most of them from
Zimbabwe.

'Competition is tight'

Hotel employees also say they have seen a recent influx of
prostitutes.

"From the look of the fully booked hotels around Johannesburg and
Pretoria, we think these female sex workers could exceed 40,000," says
one hotel general manager, declining to be identified. "There are some
from outside Africa from as far as China, Pakistan, India, Hong Kong,
and Venezuela, who are here for prostitution."

Young prostitutes appear to be organized into groups led by a elder
women who smuggles the girls here from Zimbabwe, says Ushe Nyahunzvi,
a man from Zimbabwe who works at the Hillbrow Inn.

"These [elder] women are the ones who smuggle them from their native
countries for the purposes of using the girls to make a living. Old
women are losing business hence using the girls," Mr. Nyahunzvi says.
"The competition is very tight because of the World Cup."

'I will be able to buy my own car'

Cyril Mwamba, 32, says she traveled more than 1,700 miles from
Zambia's Ndola Copperbelt to reach the World Cup. Along the way, she
met up with Zimbabwean prostitutes at a bus station, and she says they
decided to travel together to Johannesburg for the opportunities here.

"When we came here [Summit Hotel], we were not so sure whether we
would be able to attract rich and well-paying men since back home in
Zambia men were looking down upon us," she says. She says she now
earns R2,000 (about $270) per night.

"I am convinced that after the World Cup, I will be able to buy my own
car," Ms. Mwamba says. "Cars are cheap here in South Africa."

While South African officials have long had difficulty keeping out
illegal immigrants, South Africa's Department of Home Affairs says it
has tightened its borders to prevent human trafficking during the
World Cup.

"We do not have evidence [of prostitutes entering the country], but
will always make sure that no illegals, particularly human
traffickers, enter the country through our ports," says a senior Home
Affairs official who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was
not authorized to speak with the media.

Nevertheless, cross-border bus drivers say that the bulk of their
passengers in the month of April have been women, an unusual
phenomenon because it has traditionally been men who travel to South
Africa for work.

"We strongly suspect that these women are here to do prostitution, and
nothing else," says Munashe Gomo, a bus driver outside Braamfontein
Station.

Economy sends women into prostitution

As the richest country in southern Africa, with long and porous
borders with some of southern Africa's poorest countries, South Africa
has long attracted millions of economic migrants from Zimbabwe,
Mozambique, and even the Democratic Republic of Congo. The month-long
World Cup, which will draw an estimated half a million people and
generate $3 billion in revenues, only adds to this attraction.

Most of the women arriving here for the sex trade appear to be from
Zimbabwe because of the economic desperation there. The situation
there is so bad that some women are divorcing their husbands and
hoping the World Cup will bring them fortune, says Kudakwashe Zimuto,
an elder in Mahoto Village in Zimbabwe's Masvingo province.

"Marriages are fast breaking up with women choosing to stay alone in
South Africa's hotels and lodges," Mr. Zimuto said by telephone. "But
the most unfortunate part, is what are they going to do after the
World Cup?"

That appears to be of small concern to the women themselves, who are
already elbowing for business space ahead of the games. "Old
prostitutes are threatening us, and they call us foreigners," says
Janet Mashavira of Marondera, Zimbabwe, who works at the Little Rose
Hotel in the Hillbrow section of Johannesburg.

Prostitution is illegal in South Africa, though some groups have
called for its legalization ahead of the World Cup. One
parliamentarian, George Lekgetho, has said legalization "is one of the
things that would make it a success" while it could also reduce
incidents of rape and instituting brothel standards.

Police spokeswoman Colonel N. Kweza says the law enforcement agency is
arresting many prostitutes in Johannesburg's central business
district, but she adds that the Department of Justice determines fines
and penalties. The Department of Justice refused to comment unless
questions were received in writing. The Monitor is waiting for answers
to a submitted list of written questions, including details on the
penalties for sex trafficking, pimping, prostituting, and soliciting.

Home Affairs Ministry spokesman Ronnie Mamoepa also declined to answer
questions unless received in writing.

Rights groups call for intervention

With the World Cup's June 11 kick-off only weeks away, human rights
activists and church groups are urging hotels in South Africa to
ensure that their places of business are not used for the sex trade.

One group, the New York-based Christian Brothers Investment Services
(CBIS), wrote an open letter April 21 to South African hotels and
tourist operations urging them to help combat human trafficking and
child prostitution.

"While the lodging industry is certainly not responsible for these
tragic crimes, they are in a unique position to help prevent them by
taking steps to stop the use of their hotels for this purpose," Julie
Tanner, assistant director of socially responsible investing at CBIS
in New York, said in a press release.

The letter calls for hotels to coordinate with police and anti-
trafficking organizations, to educate staff in identifying potential
victims and reporting incidents, and to inform guests of the penalties
for human trafficking and sex abuse of children. Some hotels have
already signed the Christian Brothers' agreement, while others argue
that what their customers do is their personal affair.

The Catholic Church, according to one media report, is telling its
parishoners to be on the watch for immigrant women in South Africa who
may have been forced into the sex trade. "With these people, the
Catholic volunteers try to establish dialogue and help them to emerge
from the nightmare that they have been thrown into by criminals. Our
first task is opening our doors to these people," said Fr. Chris
Townsend, a spokesman of theBishop's Conference of South Africa,
Botswana, and Swaziland (SACBC).

Raising HIV/AIDS awareness

Fear that the World Cup could bring an increase in prostitution and
sex trafficking is also raising concerns of spread of disease. In
South Africa, an estimated 5.7 million people are diagnosed with HIV.
An estimated 1,000 people die from AIDS-related diseases each day,
according to the African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF).

Groups are calling for prostitutes to insist on using condoms.

"The AIDS Consortium is encouraging all entities that have the
capacity to supply condoms to as many places as possible to do so and
with other organizations who do similar work," says Rhulani Lehloka,
communications manager for The Aids Consortium, South Africa's leading
non-governmental organization that deals with HIV/AIDS.

The South African government appears to support the condom drive.
While President Jacob Zuma – a polygamist and father of 20 children –
has in the past expressed disdain for condoms, in April his government
announced a campaign to distribute some 1.5 billion this year.

Joyce Dube, executive director of the Southern African Women's
Institute on Migration Affairs in Johannesburg, says that condom use
is already high among Zimbabwean prostitutes, who charge higher fees
for men who do not want to use a condom. Christian Science Monitor

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Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2619 Armed Violence Threatens Progress on Millennium Development Goals

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Armed Violence Threatens Progress on Millennium Development Goals
http://content.undp.org/go/newsroom/2010/may/armed-violence-threatens-progress-on-millennium-development-goals.en

Geneva, 12 May — With less than five years to achieve the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs), a growing number of states, international
organisations and civil society are addressing one of the paramount
obstacles to their achievement: armed violence.

To galvanize this movement, and call for more countries to join, the
Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the United Nations
Development Programme (UNDP) are co-hosting a global meeting on armed
violence in Geneva, aimed at making the reduction of armed violence a
top issue on the global development agenda.
"Every day armed violence kills more than 2,000 people," said Foreign
Minister Støre. "The majority of these fatalities are civilians. This
is a fundamental challenge to our common humanitarian and
developmental goals. States must come together and work in partnership
with the UN and civil society to take action against armed violence
now."

At the conference, which opened today, delegates from international
organizations, civil society, and 60 states are discussing strategies
to tackle armed violence. Their conclusions will contribute to the
2010 MDGs review process, leading up to the High Level summit in New
York in September, when world leaders will gather to assess progress,
identify gaps, and commit to a concrete action agenda to achieve the
MDGs.

"Armed violence has a devastating effect on development progress,"
said UNDP Administrator Helen Clark. "Life as normal is severely
disrupted – affecting citizens' safety and security and access to
basic services and livelihoods. The international community can
mobilise to deter the proliferation and use of the weapons which fuel
this violence."

By endorsing the Oslo Commitments, States commit to a wide range of
actions, including, for example, to better monitor and record armed
violence; support its victims through the provision of adequate care
and rehabilitation; better integrate armed violence into development
plans at all levels of government; and strengthen international
cooperation and assistance to prevent and reduce armed violence.

FACTS ABOUT ARMED VIOLENCE
Each year more than 740,000 people—over 2,000 per day—die as a result
of the violence associated with armed conflicts and large- and small-
scale criminal violence. The majority of these deaths—490,000—occur
in non-conflict settings.

States suffering from conflicts or persistently high levels of
criminality are furthest from reaching MDG targets: 22 of the 34
countries furthest from reaching the MDGs are in, or are emerging
from, conflict.
According to the World Bank, efforts to eradicate extreme poverty and
hunger are at 10 percent of target; efforts to extend universal
primary education are at 45 percent of target; and the extension of
maternal health are at 14 percent of target in conflict-affected and
fragile states.
Armed violence destroys lives and livelihoods, breeds insecurity, and
hampers prospects for human development. According to the most recent
estimates, the total cost of armed violence in non-conflict countries
amounts to $163 billion—more than the total annual spending on
official development assistance.

In El Salvador, firearm violence costs the state and its citizens 11.5
percent of GDP —more than twice the budget for education and health
(4.8 percent of GDP), according to the most recently available figures
(2003).

Years of civil war and sustained levels of armed violence in conflict
states such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia and Sri
Lanka have led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people
and to a massive loss of livelihood for millions, greatly increasing
the number of people living in poverty and inhibiting the achievement
of MDG 1.

An estimated 875 million small arms and light weapons (SALW) are in
circulation today, three-quarters of them in the hands of civilians.
Globally, 60 percent of homicides involve the use of SALW.
An estimated 50 to 60 percent of the global small arms trade is legal–
but legally exported weapons often find their way into the illict
market, destabilizing already fragile states in conflict.>

In June 2006, UNDP and the Government of Switzerland co-hosted a
summit that resulted in 42 states endorsing the Geneva Declaration on
Armed Violence and Development, an initiative designed to achieve
measureable reductions in armed violence by 2015. As of March 2010,
108 states had signed the declaration. Building on the work of the
Geneva Declaration, UNDP and the Government of Norway are working with
Member States to ensure that commitments to armed violence reduction
and prevention are included in the High Level Plenary Meeting on the
MDGs, and are reflected in subsequent MDG and developmental strategies
through 2015.

UNDP currently supports 27 countries worldwide to address the
proliferation of weapons and related violence. For more details,
please visit: www.undp.org/cpr/we_do/avmasa.shtml

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2619 Bihar unveils new policy to boost dairy sector

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Bihar unveils new policy to boost dairy sector
http://igovernment.in/site/bihar-unveils-new-policy-boost-dairy-sector-37548

It will provide loan-cum-assistance to farmers, unemployed youth and
milk producers to purchase milk animals of improved variety
Published on 05/12/2010
By Shabnam Mishra

Patna: The Bihar government, in its new scheme, has decided to provide
loan-cum-assistance to farmers, unemployed youth and milk producers to
purchase milch animals of improved variety.

Around 11000 such animals brought from Punjab and Haryana will be
distributed among the farmers.

Animal Husbandry and Fisheries minister, Ram Narayan Mandal said the
scheme would be launched in Samastipur district in May end.

Mandal also apprised the officials of the work progress of three
ongoing projects being implemented jointly by the government and
COMPFED in Bihar Sharif, Dehri-on-Sone and Banka district.

The first project includes a dairy plant with installation capacity of
4 lakh litre milk per day, a powder milk plant having capacity of 30
metric ton per day and a tetra pack plant with capacity of 1500 litre
per day.

The second project is a dairy project plant with capacity of 1 lakh
litre per day and the third project includes a chilling and milk
packing plant with capacity of 10,000 litre per day. All the projects
are nearing completion, Department's Principal Secretary Amitabh Verma
said.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2619 India to streamline pension system in Defence

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India to streamline pension system in Defence
http://igovernment.in/site/india-streamline-pension-system-defence-37555

Government has tried to infuse more transparency in the huge Defence
outlay, which is over Rs 1.52 lakh crore for the current financial
year
Published on 05/12/2010

New Delhi: The Defence Minister AK Antony has called for early
disbursal of revised pension and arrears to Ex-Servicemen.
Inaugurating the Controllers' Conference of the Defence Accounts
Department here today, Antony asked the Defence Finance officials to
expedite and further streamline the pension system for the Armed
Forces personnel.

"Even now, I am getting a lot of complaints from people that they are
not getting pensions. Considering the past, things have improved, but
even then complaints are there still. So you must take all steps
possible so that they get their dues at the earliest," Antony said.

Commending the Defence Accounts Department for facilitating the
procurement of weapons and systems, Antony noted that the capital
expenditure, utilised last year, has been an all-time record. He
called for transparent, timely and judicious use of Defence
Expenditure. He said that the Government has tried to infuse more
transparency in the huge Defence outlay, which is over Rs 1.52 lakh
crore for the current financial year.

"Defence expenditure and procurement issues are complex and time-
consuming and have a direct bearing on our national security. We have
tried to infuse more transparency and efficiency into our procedures
and systems. It is my firm belief that expenditure of public money
must have an appropriate system of checks and balances", he said.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2618 General Assembly elects 14 countries to serve on UN Human Rights Council

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General Assembly elects 14 countries to serve on UN Human Rights
Council
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=34690&Cr=human+rights+council&Cr1=

Human Rights Council in Geneva

13 May 2010 – Fourteen countries were elected to serve on the United
Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) for three-year terms starting next
month after one round of balloting today among Member States at UN
Headquarters in New York.
Angola, Libya, Mauritania and Uganda were chosen to fill the four
vacant African seats on the 47-member panel, according to a formula
that allots seats among regions.

The two seats up for grabs in the Latin American and Caribbean region
– successful candidates in each category must obtain an absolute
majority of valid votes cast by the 192 General Assembly members –
went to Ecuador and Guatemala.

In the Eastern European category, the two available seats went to
Poland and the Republic of Moldova; in Western Europe, to Spain and
Switzerland.

Four countries contested the positions distributed to Asian States,
with Malaysia, Maldives, Qatar and Thailand winning the most votes to
join the panel.

The results were announced by the current President of the General
Assembly, Ali Treki.

Under the Geneva-based Council's rules, members serve for three-year
periods and cannot run for immediate re-election after two consecutive
terms.

Overall, the 47 members include 13 from Africa, 13 from Asia, six from
Eastern Europe, eight from Latin America and the Caribbean, and seven
from Western Europe and Other States.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2617 Women's Collective

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Women's Collective
http://www.womenscollective.net/index.php

Women's Collective is the outcome of the Collective efforts of six
organizations in Tamilnadu headed by women. The Collective is
facilitated by Ms.Sheelu through Tamilnadu Resource Team and was
started way back in 1994. It was the time when leadership of women
among NGOs was a rare affair and mostly women were field workers
executing orders at village level. Today WC has as many as 40 such
units spread over 1500 villages falling under 18 districts, in
Tamilnadu, India.

Women's Collective organizes people at village level into small self
help groups with average membership of 12 and which function as self
help groups helping the members to deal with their personal, family
and community issues which meets once in a month.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2616 From Foster Kids to Homeless Adults in California

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--- On Fri, 14/5/10, Human Rights Watch <webadmin@hrw.org> wrote:

From: Human Rights Watch <webadmin@hrw.org>
Subject: From Foster Kids to Homeless Adults in California
To: "Avnish Jolly" <avnishjolly@yahoo.com>
Date: Friday, 14 May, 2010, 6:12

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The Week In Rights
May 13, 2010
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From Foster Kids to Homeless Adults
The US State of California Fails to Prepare Youth for Adulthood
Across the United States, 20 percent or more of the children forced out of foster care programs at age 18 become homeless as young adults, research indicates. California is no exception. But if California's senate passes bill AB 12, the state will gain access to federal money earmarked to support programs aiding young people's transition from foster care to adult independence.
Because of abuse or neglect at home, children become wards of the state and are placed in foster care. But California's foster care program fails to prepare these children for adulthood.
Human Rights Watch interviewed 63 homeless young adults in California who were once in foster care. When they left the system, 65 percent hadn't graduated from high school and 90 percent had no source of income. In these cases, homelessness was a predictable outcome.
California is considering dramatic cuts to its child welfare services – cuts that will close a housing program designed to help these young adults lead independent lives.
"When the state severs support abruptly, just as they become adults, it fails in its duty to these young people," said Elizabeth Calvin , senior advocate for children's rights. By preserving existing programs and passing AB 12, California can ensure youth are supported as they enter adulthood.
Read more »
Photo: © 2007 Natalie Leimkuhler
UNHRC Election Results Disappoint
Iran withdrew its bid for a seat on the United Nations Human Rights Council last month in the face of mounting global opposition. But Angola, Libya, Malaysia, Thailand, and Uganda ran unopposed and were elected to the council today. 

The absence of competition undermined membership standards and deprived states of a chance to elect the most qualified countries.
Read more »
UNESCO Alliance with Corrupt Leader
Suspect Money from Equatorial Guinea's Ruler Funds Science Prize
Under the rule of Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, at least 75 percent of the people of oil-rich Equatorial Guinea live in abject poverty, with little access to education.
Despite this, Obiang is funding a prize in his name to the tune of US$3 million to be awarded by UNESCO, the United Nations body responsible for education and science.
The prize is to be awarded at the end of June for "scientific achievements that improve the quality of human life." Yet the people of Equatorial Guinea lack access to clean drinking water, and on average, they die before their 50th birthday. Vast official corruption squanders funds that could be spent to improve conditions.
For years, UN human rights monitors have criticized the government's use of unfair trials, arbitrary arrests, incommunicado detentions, and systematic torture.
Although its oil riches give Equatorial Guinea a per capita GDP on par with Italy, South Korea, and Israel, the vast majority of its people experience little benefit.
The US$3 million should be used for the education and welfare of the people of Equatorial Guinea. And UNESCO should avoid forging a partnership with such a cruel and corrupt leader, lest its important work be overshadowed.
Read more »
Photo: © 2009 Reuters
Most Popular Headlines
TAKE ACTION: End Child Labor in US Agriculture
Hundreds of thousands of children are employed as farmworkers in the United States. They often work 10 or more hours a day with sharp tools, heavy machinery, and dangerous pesticides, and die at four times the rate of other working youth. Farmworker children drop out of school in alarming numbers.
Sri Lanka: Government Proposal Won't Address War Crimes
Every time the international community raises the issue of accountability for laws-of-war violations during the armed conflict with the Tamil Tigers, Sri Lanka establishes a commission that takes a long time to achieve nothing. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon should put an end to this game of smoke and mirrors and begin a process that would ensure justice for all the victims of Sri Lanka's war.
Trapped in Saudi Arabia
In most parts of the world, women can make their own decisions. Mothers can drive cars and daughters can go to school if they wish. They can even board planes and fly to different cities or countries under their own volition. But not in Saudi Arabia - a country where Nazia Quazi, a 24-year-old citizen of Canada and India, has been trapped because she's a woman.
Editor's Picks
GOOD NEWS: Two-Thirds in US Senate Back Landmine Ban
A letter from 68 Senators to President Barack Obama expressing strong support for a ban on antipersonnel mines should spur the administration to decide to join the Mine Ban Treaty this year, Human Rights Watch said. The letter, made public today, will be formally sent next week, along with an identical letter from members of the House of Representatives.
Is Talking to Beijing About Human Rights a Waste of Time?
by Sophie Richardson
Foreign Policy

Why aren't human rights activists who work on China more enthusiastic about the upcoming meetings between U.S. and Chinese officials on the critical topic of human rights? The discussions, to begin in Washington on May 13, are the first human rights dialogue between the two countries since May 2008.
US: Revoke Guantanamo Ban on Four Journalists
The US Defense Department's decision to ban four journalists from covering military commission proceedings at Guantanamo Bay contradicts the Obama administration's pledge of greater transparency and further discredits the commissions, Human Rights Watch and other organizations said in a letter to the Department of Defense today. 
 
 
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Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi
 
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Norton Ghost 14

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Norton Ghost 14

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maxon cinema 4d r11 studio bundle for mac
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nik software complete collection ultimate edition for mac
adobe photoshop elements 4.0 for mac
daz studio 3 advanced for mac
disk order 3 for mac
diskcatalogmaker 6 for mac
dragoman 1.6 for mac
dvdremaster 5 for mac
dynamic photo hdr for mac
adobe dreamweaver cs4 for mac
filemaker pro 10 advanced for mac
filemaker pro 8.5 advanced for mac
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flamingohd 1.2 for mac
fontlab studio 5 for mac
forklift 1.7 for mac
adobe fireworks cs4 for mac
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apple final cut express hd for mac
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guitar pro 5 with rse for mac
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icash 5 for mac
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onone plug-in suite 5 for mac
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wave editor for mac
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zbrush 3 for mac
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logic express 8
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mac os x 10.6 snow leopard
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magix digital photo maker 8
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norton 360 version 3.0 premier edition
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office 2003 professional (including publisher 2003)
office enterprise 2007
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office ultimate 2007
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project 2003 pro
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softplan architectural design 13
sql server 2008 enterprise edition
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visio professional 2007
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