Wednesday, May 19, 2010

Re: Medarticles need articles

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thanks Anand

MD. QUSSEN AKHTAR
CSIR-UGC(NET) -JRF
CIMAP-JNU Ph. D
Biotechnology Division
CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS (CIMAP),
PICNIC SPOT ROAD, KUKRAIL LUCKNOW,
U.P. 226015

Mob. +919369304198

email:
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web site:  http://sites.google.com/site/qussen10/
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On 20 May 2010 11:15, anandkumarreddy <anandkumarreddy@gmail.com> wrote:
2,3,4 & 6 sent
On Thu, May 20, 2010 at 9:18 AM, qussen akhtar <qussen10@gmail.com> wrote:
dear group members i need following papers please help me

1. Nature Chemical Biology 3, 274 - 277 (2007)
Published online: 15 April 2007 | doi:10.1038/nchembio875

Engineering Escherichia coli for production of functionalized terpenoids using plant P450s

Michelle C Y Chang1, Rachel A Eachus1, William Trieu1, Dae-Kyun Ro1 & Jay D Keasling1,2,3


2.

The American Journal of Gastroenterology 93, 1131-1135 (July 1998) | doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.1998.00343.x

Peppermint oil for irritable bowel syndrome: a critical review and metaanalysisPEPPERMINT OIL FOR IBS

M H Pittler and E Ernst



3.

Nature 400, 13-14 (1 July 1999) | doi:10.1038/21764

Secondary metabolism and the risks of GMOs

Richard D. Firn1 & Clive G. Jones2


4.

Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 2, 1019-1025 (December 2003) | doi:10.1038/nrd1256


Metabolic engineering for drug discovery and development

Chaitan Khosla & Jay D. Keasling

5.

Scientific American 224, 86-95 (1 January 1971) | doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0171-86;

Induced Mutations in Plants

Bj|[ouml]|rn Sigurbj|[ouml]|rnsson

6.

Nature Biotechnology 17, 31 - 36 (1999)
doi:10.1038/5202


Strategies for bioengineering the development and metabolism of glandular tissues in plants

David McCaskill & Rodney Croteau







MD. QUSSEN AKHTAR
CSIR-UGC(NET) -JRF
CIMAP-JNU Ph. D
Biotechnology Division
CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS (CIMAP),
PICNIC SPOT ROAD, KUKRAIL LUCKNOW,
U.P. 226015

Mob. +919369304198

email:
qussen10@yahoo.co.in
qussen10@gmail.com
web site:  http://sites.google.com/site/qussen10/
www.qussen.weebly.com

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Re: Medarticles need articles

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2,3,4 & 6 sent

anand
http://med-videos.blogspot.com/

On Thu, May 20, 2010 at 9:18 AM, qussen akhtar <qussen10@gmail.com> wrote:
dear group members i need following papers please help me

1. Nature Chemical Biology 3, 274 - 277 (2007)
Published online: 15 April 2007 | doi:10.1038/nchembio875

Engineering Escherichia coli for production of functionalized terpenoids using plant P450s

Michelle C Y Chang1, Rachel A Eachus1, William Trieu1, Dae-Kyun Ro1 & Jay D Keasling1,2,3


2.

The American Journal of Gastroenterology 93, 1131-1135 (July 1998) | doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.1998.00343.x

Peppermint oil for irritable bowel syndrome: a critical review and metaanalysisPEPPERMINT OIL FOR IBS

M H Pittler and E Ernst



3.

Nature 400, 13-14 (1 July 1999) | doi:10.1038/21764

Secondary metabolism and the risks of GMOs

Richard D. Firn1 & Clive G. Jones2


4.

Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 2, 1019-1025 (December 2003) | doi:10.1038/nrd1256


Metabolic engineering for drug discovery and development

Chaitan Khosla & Jay D. Keasling

5.

Scientific American 224, 86-95 (1 January 1971) | doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0171-86;

Induced Mutations in Plants

Bj|[ouml]|rn Sigurbj|[ouml]|rnsson

6.

Nature Biotechnology 17, 31 - 36 (1999)
doi:10.1038/5202


Strategies for bioengineering the development and metabolism of glandular tissues in plants

David McCaskill & Rodney Croteau







MD. QUSSEN AKHTAR
CSIR-UGC(NET) -JRF
CIMAP-JNU Ph. D
Biotechnology Division
CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS (CIMAP),
PICNIC SPOT ROAD, KUKRAIL LUCKNOW,
U.P. 226015

Mob. +919369304198

email:
qussen10@yahoo.co.in
qussen10@gmail.com
web site:  http://sites.google.com/site/qussen10/
www.qussen.weebly.com

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Medarticles need articles

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dear group members i need following papers please help me

1. Nature Chemical Biology 3, 274 - 277 (2007)
Published online: 15 April 2007 | doi:10.1038/nchembio875

Engineering Escherichia coli for production of functionalized terpenoids using plant P450s

Michelle C Y Chang1, Rachel A Eachus1, William Trieu1, Dae-Kyun Ro1 & Jay D Keasling1,2,3


2.

The American Journal of Gastroenterology 93, 1131-1135 (July 1998) | doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.1998.00343.x

Peppermint oil for irritable bowel syndrome: a critical review and metaanalysisPEPPERMINT OIL FOR IBS

M H Pittler and E Ernst



3.

Nature 400, 13-14 (1 July 1999) | doi:10.1038/21764

Secondary metabolism and the risks of GMOs

Richard D. Firn1 & Clive G. Jones2


4.

Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 2, 1019-1025 (December 2003) | doi:10.1038/nrd1256


Metabolic engineering for drug discovery and development

Chaitan Khosla & Jay D. Keasling

5.

Scientific American 224, 86-95 (1 January 1971) | doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0171-86;

Induced Mutations in Plants

Bj|[ouml]|rn Sigurbj|[ouml]|rnsson

6.

Nature Biotechnology 17, 31 - 36 (1999)
doi:10.1038/5202


Strategies for bioengineering the development and metabolism of glandular tissues in plants

David McCaskill & Rodney Croteau







MD. QUSSEN AKHTAR
CSIR-UGC(NET) -JRF
CIMAP-JNU Ph. D
Biotechnology Division
CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS (CIMAP),
PICNIC SPOT ROAD, KUKRAIL LUCKNOW,
U.P. 226015

Mob. +919369304198

email:
qussen10@yahoo.co.in
qussen10@gmail.com
web site:  http://sites.google.com/site/qussen10/
www.qussen.weebly.com

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2664 Child prostitution in Mumbai is the focus of BAS! Beyond the Red Light, winner of Colin Low Award at DOXA

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Child prostitution in Mumbai is the focus of BAS! Beyond the Red
Light, winner of Colin Low Award at DOXA
http://www.vancouverobserver.com/culture/film/2010/05/17/child-prostitution-mumbai-focus-bas-beyond-red-light-winner-colin-low-award

Mercedes Grant Posted: May 17th, 2010

Director Wendy Champagne's first feature-length documentary "BAS!
Beyond the Red Light" is the recent recipient of the prestigious NFB
Colin Low Award for Most Innovative Canadian Documentary at DOXA 2010.

The film chronicles the personal stories of 13 girls who were sold
into the world's largest red light district in Mumbai, India.
Liberated by Mumbai's under-funded Rescue Foundation, the girls live
an isolated existence in this safe haven, some suffering from HIV/AIDS
and tuberculosis, with most struggling to gain an identity in a
culture that refuses to acknowledge their existence.

Champagne successfully contrasts the gritty underworld of child
trafficking with the honest beauty of the children who have suffered
at the hands of an illegal, world-wide, multi-billion dollar business.

Shooting over a three-year period, Director of Photography Katerine
Giguère beautifully captures the girls as they disclose their heart-
breaking stories as well as their hopes for the future. Nancy Leduc,
a Canadian choreographer, works with the girls at the Rescue
Foundation to create an empowering dance routine, providing the
audience with an intimate portrayal of dance as therapy.

If you are interested in supporting the girls of Mumbai's Rescue
Foundation, please go to http://www.bas-doc.com/film/ang/ to see how
you can contribute.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2663 Dads can get postpartum depression, too: study

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Dads can get postpartum depression, too: study
http://www.nydailynews.com/lifestyle/health/2010/05/19/2010-05-19_dads_can_get_postpartum_depression_too_study.html

BY ROSEMARY BLACK
DAILY NEWS STAFF WRITER

Wednesday, May 19th 2010, 11:46 AM

Read more:
http://www.nydailynews.com/lifestyle/health/2010/05/19/2010-05-19_dads_can_get_postpartum_depression_too_study.html#ixzz0oOwljG1o

Mothers aren't the only ones who feel blue after a baby's birth. One
in 10 fathers also experience prenatal or postpartum depression, and
the risk peaks when the baby is 3 to 6 months old, according to new
research.

Dads tend to handle depression a little differently than moms do,
displaying anger and irritability, says a study published in the May
19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

"Depression affects both parents and both parents should be on the
lookout for it," lead researcher James Paulson of Eastern Virginia
Medical School told LiveScience.com.

American parents were more likely to get depressed than parents in
Australia, Europe, China or South America. Researchers think the
reason the United States has such a high risk for parental postpartum
depression is because of such short parental leaves; a three-month
maternity leave is standard here.

"Three months is when family leave runs out (in the United States),
and I can't help but wonder if that has something to do with it,"
Paulson told LiveScience.com. "But there is also a lot going on with
the child by that time." Crying often peaks at the age of three
months, studies show, and a baby may become more demanding, too.

For the new research, 43 studies involving more than 28,000
participants were analyzed, tracking depression in dads from the mom's
first trimester right through the baby's first year. Researchers found
that some 10.4 percent of dads get depressed in this period.

A variety of causes may contribute to paternal postpartum depression.
Moods are contagious and being with someone who is depressed can be
very unsettling, says Irene Levine, Ph.D., professor of psychiatry at
New York University School of Medicine. "Given the closeness of the
marital relationship, it's not surprising for a dad to get post baby
blues," she says.

The loss of sleep, added responsibilities, new economic stresses and
reacting to the changed moods in their wife can be difficult for a new
dad, Levine explains.

And the expectation that a man will share parenting responsibilities
means he suddenly has to balance work and family commitments, she
says, which can add more stress.

"Men are less likely to have social support from other dads, so it can
be a very lonely time for a father," Levine adds.

New fathers can feel as psychologically depleted as a new mother, says
Jean Cirillo, Ph.D. They're not sleeping enough while trying to give
support to a sleep-deprived wife.

"Also, he may be grieving because he no longer has his wife to
himself," Cirillo says. "He has to share her with the baby, and the
baby's needs get taken care of first. This can be hard for a man."

Upon the birth of their baby, men may grow anxious and then depressed
because they have self doubts about whether they'll be able to be a
good provider, says Sheenah Hankin, Ph.D. author of "Complete
Confidence."

"There can also be mixed feelings about the baby's arrival and an
underlying resentment," she says. "Some dads may even feel like they
kind of got forced into it, and people who get trapped into something
get resentful, and then feel very guilty."

Read more:
http://www.nydailynews.com/lifestyle/health/2010/05/19/2010-05-19_dads_can_get_postpartum_depression_too_study.html#ixzz0oOwgDgc2

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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Re: Medarticles 1 article

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sent to UR mail

anand
http://med-videos.blogspot.com/

On Tue, May 18, 2010 at 1:39 PM, ammy <rinkuamit71@gmail.com> wrote:

Inflammatory lipids as a target for therapy in the rheumatic diseases

Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs, Volume 17, Number 8, August
2008 , pp. 1213-1224(12)

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:2662 Behaviour change programmes have had little impact on HIV incidence amongst girls and women in poorer countries

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Behaviour change programmes have had little impact on HIV incidence
amongst girls and women in poorer countries
http://www.aidsmap.com/en/news/6AC9947E-A048-417D-94D4-1E6079A98EC1.asp

Michael Carter, Wednesday, May 19, 2010

Behavioural change interventions to prevent sexual transmission of HIV
among women and girls in resource-limited settings have had limited
success, according to a systematic review published in the online
edition of AIDS and Behavior.

Only eight randomised controlled trials or prospective studies with a
control arm could be identified by the investigators. Moreover, only
two of these programmes reduced HIV incidence. Three other
interventions had an impact on HIV risk behaviours or the incidence of
sexually transmitted infections.

Approximately 50% of worldwide HIV infections are in women and girls.
However, the impact of HIV on women in the countries hardest hit by
HIV has been more severe, with 60% of HIV infections in sub-Saharan
Africa being in girls or women.

The development of female-controlled biomedical methods of HIV
prevention, such as microbicides, has been slow and disappointing.
Therefore HIV prevention for women and girls is reliant upon behaviour
change – for example, delayed sexual debut, a reduction in the number
of partners, and condom use. These methods of prevention are largely
controlled by male partners, and in many cases women and girls are
unable to insist on behaviour that could protect their sexual and
reproductive health.

Mindful of these circumstances, an international team of investigators
conducted a systematic review of behaviour change interventions to see
if they reduced either HIV incidence or HIV risk behaviours.

Randomised controlled trials or prospective studies with a control arm
conducted after 1990 was eligible for inclusion.

After an exhaustive literature search, the investigators were only
able to identify eight studies (reported in eleven research papers)
that met their inclusion criteria.

Six of the studies were conducted in Africa, one was carried out in
India, and one in Mexico.

A total of 42,000 women or girls were included in these studies, and
these people were followed for an average of 2.6 years.

The type of intervention varied from a single counselling session to
more extensive and long-term support.

Only two interventions had an impact on HIV incidence.

The first of these was a six-month programme of group education and
motivational sessions for female sex workers and brothel madams in
Mumbai, India.

The intervention for the sex workers consisted of the use of
motivational literature and videos, group discussions, and the use of
pictorial resources focusing on HIV and condom use. The women were
instructed how to use condoms correctly, and encouraged to educate
their clients about condom use.

Brothel madams were educated about the economic benefits and
importance of maintaining the good health of their sex workers.

HIV incidence was reduced by 67% in the intervention arm compared to
the control arm. However, the investigators noted that condoms and
lubricant were only provided to women in the intervention arm, and
were not given to the sex workers in the control group.

This intervention was also shown to reduce the incidence of both
syphilis and hepatitis B.

The second study was conducted in Uganda, and this showed that
attendance at an HIV study event in the previous year reduced HIV
incidence by up to 59%. Incidence of herpes simplex type-2 (HSV-2) was
also reduced by 45%.

Three other interventions were successfully reduced the incidence of
sexually transmitted infections, but not HIV. Condom use higher in the
intervention arm in the Mexican study than in the controls (27 vs 18%,
p < 0.01).

"This review has highlighted the reality that current behavior change
interventions, by themselves, have been limited in their ability to
control HIV infection in women and girls in low- and middle-income
countries," comment the investigators.

The investigators highlight that women and girls often have little
control over their sexual and reproductive health and in many cases
are unable to insist on condom use.

A "combination" approach to prevention is advocated by the study's
authors, one that addresses both behavioural and biomedical risk
factors.

They write, "the diminishing hope that a single behavioral or
biomedical prevention intervention will be sufficient to address the
growing HIV pandemic has heralded a programmatic shift towards
combination HIV prevention programming."

Reference
McCoy SI et al. Behavior change interventions to prevent HIV infection
among women living in low and middle income countries: a systematic
review. AIDS Behav, online edition, DOI 10. 1007/s10461-009-9644-9,
2010.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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World Bank Note: The Service Revolution

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The Economic Premise notes are produced by the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) Network Vice-Presidency of the World Bank. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the institution.

The Service Revolution  
Ejaz Ghani and Homi Kharas    

The growth experience of India and other South Asian countries suggests that a “Service Revolution”—rapid income growth, job creation, gender equality, and poverty reduction led by services—is now possible. What is a service revolution? Can services be as dynamic as manufacturing? Can latecomers to development take advantage of the globalization of services? Can services be a driver of sustained growth, job creation, and poverty reduction? What kind of policies and institutions do developing countries need to benefit from services-led growth?  

To read more, please click here:
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPREMNET/Resources/EP14.pdf    

To read previous Economic Premise notes, please click here:
www.worldbank.org/economicpremise

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TheStockAdvisors Daily Digest, May 19

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TheStockAdvisors.com Today's best investment ideas


Seadrill (SDRL(: Contrary call in deepwater drilling

by Elliott Gue, editor The Energy Strategist

Elliott GueSeadrill (NYSE: SDRL), a recommendation in our Gushers Portfolio, has an extremely young fleet of oil drillling rigs.

In the wake of the Horizon tragedy in the Gulf of Mexico, it's not difficult to envision a scenario where producers prefer newer drilling equipment. And the government may mandate that rigs operating in the Gulf of Mexico include modern equipment. Such a shift would benefit Seadrill.

Read the full article ...




Floating rate fund favorites

by Walter Frank, editor MoneyLetter

Walter FrankThis issue, we focus on floating rate funds, also referred to as bank loan funds. In an era where money market funds are yielding about about zero percent, the two floating rate funds reviewed here sport 30-day yields on either side of 3.5%.

They are considered short-term funds, their prices fluctutate (unlike those of money funds), and they carry a higher degree of risk.

Read the full article ...




Stryker (SYK): A 'hip' selection in orthopedic products

by Richard Moroney, editor Dow Theory Forecasts

Richard MoroneyStryker (NYSE: SYK), one of the largest makers of artificial joints and hospital equipment, has wrestled with manufacturing problems, regulatory scrutiny, and weak capital spending by hospitals over the past year.

Shrugging off these concerns, the stock has surged 38% over the past 12 months, well above the S&P 500 Index's 27%  gain.

Read the full article ...




Peter Lynch screen likes China Automotive

by John Reese, editor Validea

John ReeseChina Automotive Systems (NASDAQ: CAAS) earns a 93% score, based on our Peter Lynch screening strategy in which we assess stocks based on the growth investor's stated investment criteria

The firm is a holding company with an interest in Great Genesis Holdings Limited; through Genesis, the company manufactures power steering systems and other component parts for automobiles.

Read the full article ...




Banco Santander: A contrarian bet on Europe

by Glenn Rogers, contributing editor Gordon Pape's Internet Wealth Builder

Gordon PapeThe threat of Greece melting down and taking the rest of Europe with it had the market on edge for weeks. So given all this uncertainty, what's an investor do? Well, invest in Europe of course!

I tend to be a contrarian. In my view, there are some great bargains available which may prove to have been quite cheap a few years from now. One such stock is Spain's Banco Santander SA (NYSE: STD).


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The Times of India Daily Newsletter

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May 19, 2010

Top Headlines

Heavy rains lash north Tamil Nadu, cyclone Laila moves towards coast
Heavy rains battered the coastal areas of north Tamil Nadu today as Cyclone Laila further intensified and moved to lay centred in the Bay of Bengal. It is expected to cross the Andhra Pradesh coast on Thursday.

4 CRPF personnel killed in Naxal attack in West Bengal
Four CRPF personnel were on Wednesday killed and two injured in an IED blast triggered by Naxals at Lalgarh in West Bengal on the second day of their bandh called in five states.

Tharoor, Pushkar to get engaged on June 26
With the dust kicked up by Shashi Tharoor's foray into matters cricket having settled, the former UN diplomat is now set for an engagement with the lady who was the cause of it all: Sunanda Pushkar.

Cities

4 of a family found hanging from water pipe in Mumbai's Mulund
Bharat Ohale (30), his wife Sushma (25) and children Sakshi (7) and Suchit (5) were found hanging from a water pipe on the terrace of a Suryadarshan society building in Mhada colony.

Refrigerator compressor explodes in Mumbai local train, no casualties
A refrigerator compressor carried in the luggage compartment of a local train here exploded near Matunga on the Western Railway on Wednesday afternoon triggering panic among commuters.

Business

Sensex tumbles 467 points on Euro zone crisis
The Sensex today tumbled over 467 points, the most in three-months, as investors panicked after Germany banned short-selling in bonds, fanning concerns that global economic recovery may get derailed.

Bank of Rajasthan to be merged with ICICI
Bank of Rajasthan will be merged with ICICI Bank. According to ICICI Bank, the share swap ratio has been fixed at 25 shares of ICICI Bank for 118 shares of Bank of Rajasthan.

Sports

Barcelona's 80m pounds bid for ace striker Rooney
Barcelona is preparing a massive bid of 80 million pounds for Double Footballer of the Year and Manchester United's ace striker Wayne Rooney. Barcelona's interest in Rooney has similarities with Real Madrid's pursuit of Cristiano Ronaldo.

T20 WC: Angry with Jadeja, drunk Indians hurled abuses at players
The altercation between some Indian cricketers and fans at a West Indies nightclub - which has put some players in the dock - was instigated by a drunk gang of expats who were incensed with Ravindra Jadeja's performance.

Entertainment

Ash's dreams of Hollywood!
The Princess of Cannes (that's what the press calls Aishwarya Rai Bachchan there) has caught the attention of legendary Hollywood filmmaker Martin Scorsese big time at the French Riviera

No shoots with Shahid: Bebo
The top actress has been giving grief to the producer by postponing and not giving dates to shoot the promotional video, which on her request is being shot separately, and not with Shahid Kapoor.

Infotech

11 Hottest Concept mobile phones
ComputerWorld recently showcased a collection of futuristic phone designs. While some of these are from design firms, others are real prototypes from handset makers.

'Google beats Microsoft in smartphones'
Google's Android smart-phone software took fourth place for the first time in the January-March quarter, beating Microsoft's Windows Mobile, research firm Gartner said.

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World Bank Research E-Newsletter, May 2010

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World Bank Research E-Newsletter, May 2010
  • Poorer Countries Tend to Have Less Capacity for Income Redistribution
  • "Regionalization" of Telecommunications Infrastructure in West Africa Can Bring Economic Gains
  • The "War on Drugs" May Have High Costs and Uncertain Benefits for Developing Countries
  • Distance between Trading Partners a Bigger Hurdle for Poorest Countries
  • Can Renewable Energy Help Close the Electricity Access Gap in Rural Africa?
  • Stronger Intellectual-Property Rights May Help Boost Research and Development
  • Is Government Health Spending More Pro-Rich Than We Think?
  • From the Blogs
  • Announcements: Meet Nobel Laureates, New Issues of Research Digest, World Bank Economic Review and World Bank Research Observer
  • New Policy Research Working Papers

Poorer Countries Tend to Have Less Capacity for Income Redistribution
Policy makers and aid groups often assume that poorer countries are less able to redistribute incomes to benefit their poorest citizens. A working paper by Martin Ravallion tested the assumption with data for 90 developing countries. The paper measures the capacity for redistribution by the marginal tax rate on people who are not poor by rich-country standards. The taxes would cover the poverty gap or provide a poverty-level basic income to all. For most, but not all, countries with annual consumption per capita under $2,000 (at 2005 purchasing power parity), the required tax burdens are found to be prohibitive: It would often require marginal tax rates of 100 percent or more. By contrast, the required tax rates are quite low -- 1 percent on average -- in all countries where consumption per capita reaches more than $4,000, as well as some poorer countries. Most countries fall into one of two groups: those with little or no realistic prospect to address extreme poverty through income redistribution and those that would appear to have ample tools in hand. Economic growth tends to move countries from the first group to the second. Thus it appears that the level of economic development determines the appropriate balance between growth and redistribution strategies.
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5046
 

"Regionalization" of Telecommunications Infrastructure in West Africa Can Bring Economic Gains
In West Africa, where many countries are small and poor and often lack policy and technical expertise, it may be a pragmatic approach to set up a regional authority regulating telecommunications, according to a new working paper by Ioannis Kessides, Roger Noll and Nancy Benjamin. An agency based on multilateral regulatory agreements could advance domestic regulatory reform, enhance regulatory credibility and help West African countries commit to stable regulatory policies. Currently, regulatory reform in each country is often blocked by well-organized special-interest groups. If reform becomes part of a broader international policy covering a range of issues, all interests are likely to participate, thus reducing the ability of a single group to block it. These agreements could also help regulatory agencies avoid political interference, because gains from regional cooperation may be large enough to discourage deviations from negotiated agreements.
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5126

The "War on Drugs" May Have High Costs and Uncertain Benefits for Developing Countries
Drug policies in wealthy, drug-consuming countries focus on criminalization, interdiction, and eradication. But these extreme responses are inappropriate when they impose high costs but yield only uncertain benefits, according to a book edited by Philip Keefer and Norman Loayza. Citing a range of evidence, including cross-country comparisons and case studies, the authors conclude that the costs of these drug policies are especially large for poor countries that produce drugs or are located on the transit routes from producer to consuming countries. Those costs include thousands of conflicts between drug cartels and security forces; political instability and the infiltration of criminal elements into governments; and rampant narcotics use in countries where consumption was previously negligible. Meanwhile, the documented social benefits are negligible in some cases and uncertain in others. For example, eradication appears to have only temporary effects on supply; and while some studies conclude that criminalization significantly reduces consumption, others say that's not the case at all. Therefore, policy makers should focus more on policies that entail lower costs and on efforts to better understand the benefits of the entire range of policy options that can reduce the harm of drug consumption.  
Innocent Bystanders: Developing Countries and the War on Drugs
 

Distance between Trading Partners a Bigger Hurdle for Poorest Countries
Previous research suggested that distance between trading countries has become a bigger hurdle to trade over the last 35 years. A new working paper by Celine Carrere, Jaime de Melo and John S. Wilson finds that this "distance puzzle" largely applies to the poorest countries with per capita incomes in the bottom third. These low-income countries are trading more with partners located closer to them, which leads to a regionalization of trade. The "distance puzzle" doesn't exist in trade between rich countries with per capita incomes in the top third. Thus a new puzzle emerges: Does trade regionalization reflect increased integration of poor countries into the world economy or greater marginalization? If it is the latter, trade costs could be a growing barrier for low-income countries, which would require new policy discussions on topics such as boosting aid for trade.
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5214

Can Renewable Energy Help Close the Electricity Access Gap in Rural Africa?
Mobile phones, which first came to Sub-Saharan Africa in the 1990s, have reached about a quarter of the African population. Can something similar happen with decentralized access to electricity, which would help reduce rural poverty in Africa? In a new working paper, Uwe Deichmann, Craig Meisner, Siobhan Murray, and David Wheeler argue that renewable energy, such as wind and solar power, could play a significant role in Africa's electrification. It can become the cheapest option for many households in rural and remote areas of Africa, where it is often too costly to expand Western-style universal grids. In addition, decentralized renewable-energy technologies can help limit a country's carbon footprint and their adoption can be supported through carbon finance mechanisms. But there are limits: for most Africans, especially those living in population-dense areas, grid-connected energy supplies are likely to be cheaper in the foreseeable future, highlighting the importance of increasing the share of large-scale renewable energy technologies in a country's fuel mix.
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5193
 

Stronger Intellectual-Property Rights May Help Boost Research and Development
Earlier research suggested that poor countries with low levels of education may not benefit from intellectual property rights. New research by Claudio Bravo-Ortega and Daniel Lederman uncovers a pattern in the relevant data: countries with poor intellectual-property protection may accumulate human capital without driving up research and development investment as a share of national income. That's because without minimal protection for intellectual property, more education may result in more imitation, rather than innovation. Furthermore, new evidence suggests that the positive effect of education on innovation can be boosted by strengthening intellectual property rights in developing economies even after controlling for other country-specific characteristics.
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5217
 

Is Government Health Spending More Pro-Rich Than We Think?
Policy makers generally agree that government health spending should disproportionately benefit the poor. Yet, in most developing countries, the opposite is true. In a new working paper, Adam Wagstaff examines a central assumption of the expenditure theory, namely that the unit cost of a government-provided service has nothing to do with out-of-pocket costs for patients. A more plausible assumption is that higher out-of-pocket costs associated with the use of a medical service reflect more -- or more costly -- services being delivered. This assumption is shown to make government health spending more pro-rich than it appears to be when the traditional constant-cost assumption is used.
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5234
 

FROM THE BLOGS

Would Freeing Up World Farm Trade Reduce or Increase Poverty? (Vox blog)
"Many economists argue that removing trade barriers such as the EU's Common Agricultural Policy will be globally welfare-improving. … (Our) global linkage model results suggest that removing the world's price and trade distortions in place in 2004 would reduce international inequality, largely by boosting net farm incomes and raising real wages for unskilled workers in developing countries, and after full adjustment would reduce the number of poor people worldwide by 3%..."

Read the entire post by Kym Anderson, professor at the University of Adelaide; John Cockburn, professor at Laval University in Qu├ębec; and Will Martin, research manager of agriculture and rural development at the World Bank's Development Research Group.

Debate on Fair Trade (The Economist Online)
"New actors in international trade, including China and India, are causing fresh concerns about free and fair trade, not just in the North, but also in the South. To protect trade from protectionism, these concerns need to be addressed rather than denied, ideally multilaterally rather than unilaterally."

Read the entire post.

Aaditya Mattoo is manager of trade research at the World Bank's Development Research Group. 

Women's Reservation and Gender Gaps (Urbanomics)
"Radu Ban and Vijayendra Rao of the World Bank examine the impact of reservation of seats in local governments from South India and find that contrary to apprehensions of such women being token appointments (are appointed by elites, and are poorly educated and aged), these 'women leaders are drawn from the upper end of the quality distribution of women.' However, interestingly, they find that 'female leaders perform no differently than male leaders and are no more likely to make decisions that favor women's concerns.' They find that 'institutional factors matter much more for women than for men – women perform better than men in situations where they have more political experience, live in villages less dominated by upper castes, and in states where the panchayat system is more mature.'"
Read the entire post here.

Radu Ban is an impact evaluation coordinator at the World Bank's Development Economics Vice Presidency, Operations and Strategy. Vijayendra Rao is a lead economist at the Bank's Development Research Group.
Read their paper Tokenism or Agency? The Impact of Women's Reservations on Panchayats in South India

ANNOUNCEMENTS

  • Upcoming Event with Nobel Laureates
    On June 2, the World Bank will host four Nobel laureates in economics -- Kenneth Arrow, Eric Maskin, James Mirrlees, and Robert Solow – for a debate titled "What are the Development Challenges in a Post-Crisis World?" The event, which will be moderated by BBC economics editor Stephanie Flanders, will be held in Stockholm, Sweden, as part of the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics. To learn more about the debate or to post questions for the Nobel laureates before May 25, 2010, log onto its Web site. You can watch the debate live 5:30 a.m. to 6:45 a.m. U.S. Eastern Daylight Time, Wednesday, June 2. For conversions to your local time, check out here. The debate will be recorded and posted online at www.developmentdebates.org
  • New Issue of The World Bank Research Digest
    The latest issue of the Research Digest explores seven topics in development research. They include: 1) what constraints Africa's exports; 2) paths leading to a global climate agreement; 3) economic shocks and labor market outcomes; 4) why data on real incomes in developing countries are revised so much; 5) what the financial crisis teaches us about different banking models; 6) good hazard management is good urban management; 7) how financial crises in donor countries affect aid.
    The World Bank Research Digest (Spring 2010)
  • Latest Issue of The World Bank Economic Review
    The May issue of the Review provides six research papers: 1) the world's income distribution; 2) whether autocratic states trade less; 3) the financial development and structure database; 4) an analysis of early academic performance, grade repetition and school attainment in Senegal; 5) the relationship between technology adoption and investment climate in Eastern Europe and Central Asia; 6) the effect of refugee inflows on host communities in Tanzania.
    The World Bank Economic Review (No.1, 2010)
  • Latest Issue of The World Bank Research Observer
    The Observer covers six topics in its February issue: 1) evidence on agricultural growth and poverty reduction; 2) policy reforms affecting agricultural incentives; 3) agricultural employment trends in Asia and Africa; 4) implications of the financial crisis for macro and financial policies; 5) the 2007 meltdown in structured securitization; 6) the impact of higher food prices on poverty and policy responses in Sub-Saharan Africa.
    The World Bank Research Observer (February 2010)

NEW POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPERS

5283. Understanding the Impact of Economic Shocks on Labor Market Outcomes in Developing Countries: An Application to Indonesia and Mexico by Catalina Gutierrez, Pierella Paci, and Beom S. Park
5284. Poverty Lines across the World by Martin Ravallion
5285. OECD Imports: Diversification and Quality Search by Olivier Cadot, Celine Carrere, Madina Kukenova, and Vanessa Strauss-Kahn
5286. Assessing Poverty and Distributional Impacts of the Global Crisis in the Philippines: A Microsimulation Approach by Bilal Habib, Ambar Narayan, Sergio Olivieri, and Carolina Sanchez-Paramo
5287. Increasing Public Expenditure Efficiency in Oil-rich Economies: A Proposal by Shantayanan Devarajan, Tuan Minh Le, and Gael Raballand
5288. The Payout Phase of Pension Systems: A Comparison of Five Countries by Roberto Rocha by Dimitri Vittas and Heinz P. Rudolph
5289. Designing the Payout Phase of Pension Systems: Policy Issues, Constraints and Options by Roberto Rocha and Dimitri Vittas
5290. Aid Quality and Donor Rankings by Stephen Knack, F. Halsey Rogers, and Nicholas Eubank
5291. China's Export Growth and the China Safeguard: Threats to the World Trading System? by Chad P. Bown and Meredith A. Crowley
5292. Universal Minimum Old Age Pensions: Impact on Poverty and Fiscal Cost in 18 Latin American Countries by Jean-Jacques Dethier, Pierre Pestieau, and Rabia Ali
5293. Can Subjective Well-Being Predict Unemployment Length? by Dimitris Mavridis
5294. Trade Crisis and Recovery: Restructuring of Global Value Chains by William Milberg and Deborah Winkler
5295. Inertia in Infrastructure Development: Some Analytical Aspects, and Reasons for Inefficient Infrastructure Choices by Jon Strand
5296. Carbon Offsets with Endogenous Environmental Policy by Jon Strand
5297. Small State Regional Cooperation, South-South and South-North Migration, and International Trade by Maurice Schiff
5298. Thirty-five Years of Long-run Energy Forecasting: Lessons for Climate change Policy by Jean-Charles Hourcade and Franck Nadaud
5299. Decentralization (Localization) and Corruption: New Cross-country Evidence by Maksym Ivanyna and Anwar Shah
5300. North-South Trade-Related Technology Diffusion: Virtuous Growth Cycles in Latin America by Maurice Schiff and Yanling Wang
5301. Developing Countries and Monitoring WTO Commitments in Response to the Global Economic Crisis by Chad P. Bown
5302. Access to Water, Women's Work and Child Outcomes by Gayatri Koolwal and Dominique van de Walle
5303. Rigidities in Employment Protection and Exporting by Murat Seker
5304. Health, Demographic Transition and Economic Growth by Ole Hagen Jorgensen
5305. Social Protection in Latin America: Achievements and Limitations by Francisco H.G. Ferreira and David Robalino
5306. Fiscal Adjustment and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Overview and Lessons from the Current Downturn by Hippolyte Fofack
5307. The Impact of Water Supply Variability on Treaty Cooperation between International Bilateral River Basin Riparian States by Ariel Dinar, Brian Blankespoor, Shlomi Dinar, and Pradeep Kulukurasuriya
5308. The Evolution of Agricultural Trade Flows by M. Ataman Aksoy and Francis Ng
5309. The Effects of Domestic Climate Change Measures on International Competitiveness by Hiau Looi Kee, Hong Ma, and Muthukumara Mani
5310. Trade and Migration with RenewableNatural Resources: Out-of-Steady-State Dynamics by Ramon Lopeza and Maurice Schiff
5311. Fiscal Competition in Developing Countries: A Survey of the Theoretical and Empirical Literature by Thierry Madies and Jean-Jacques Dethier
5312. Financial Globalization and the Russian Crisis of 1998 by Brian Pinto by Sergei Ulatov
5313. Growth Identification and Facilitation: The Role of the State in the Dynamics of Structural Change by Justin Yifu Lin and Celestin Monga

Quality In The Global Pharmaceutical Supply Chain

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In This Issue:

05/19/10

Spotlight: IBC Single-Use Applications For Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing

The IBC 7th International Single-Use Applications For Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing conference continues to be the largest, most well-respected event focused solely on disposables. Learn how to save time and cost or to expand facility capacity or capabilities by utilizing the hottest new technologies in biopharmaceutical manufacturing.

Today's Bioresearch Online newsletter highlights suppliers that will be exhibiting at the conference.

If you would like to find out more about the conference agenda, click here.

Featured Articles

Quality In The Global Pharmaceutical Supply Chain
By Pilgrim Software Inc.
Supplier quality has been a prime topic at recent industry conferences. Original equipment manufacturers (OEM), material suppliers, and contract manufacturers attended to listen to the implications and driving forces behind the scrutiny of our supply chain.


Integrated Global Project Management Of Discovery Services
By AMRI
The average cost of bringing a new molecule to FDA approval has risen precipitously during the last 10 years. In order to control costs, improve efficiencies, and streamline the timeline from discovery to approval, life sciences companies participate in outsourcing collaborations with CROs.

Sponsor

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Featured Downloads

Brochure: Zeta Plus Encapsulated Depth Filters
The Zeta Plus Encapsulated System is a disposable depth filtration system designed for the bioprocessing industry where upstream cell culture clarification or downstream impurity removal is required.

3M Purification
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Datasheet: Sorbent Selection Guide
View the sorbent selection guide in pdf format.

Pall Life Sciences
Single-Use Exhibitor

Brochure: Sartobind® MultiSep
Sartobind MultiSep is a membrane chromatography system for the purification of biomolecules in the pharmaceutical and biotech industry. The technology combines the advantages of conventional chromatography columns with respect to separation power and capacity with membrane technology regarding mass transfer, high throughput, and robustness.

Sartorius Stedim Biotech
Single-Use Exhibitor

Datasheet: AseptiQuik™ Connectors
AseptiQuikT Connectors provide quick and easy sterile connections, even in nonsterile environments. The AseptiQuik "CLICK-PULL-TWIST" design enables users to transfer media easily with less risk of operator error.

Colder Products Company
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Browse the download library

Industry News

Sagent Pharmaceuticals Recalls All Lots Of Metronidazole Injection
Allos Therapeutics' Bladder Cancer Drug Granted FDA Orphan Drug Designation
Biotage, University Of Copenhagen Collaborate On Research For Peptide Synthesis
Merck Makes Statement About Rotavirus Vaccines
Novavax: Publication Of A Preclinical Study With Its Pandemic 2009 H1N1 Influenza Virus-Like Particle (VLP) Vaccine
Hemispherx Biopharma Prepares Application To Initiate Phase II Clinical Trials In China With Ampligen®
Customization And Third-Party Device Integration
Acrylic Manifold For Vacuum Separations
Fluidigm Releases New Access Array System Amplicon Tagging Protocol
FDA Needs More Info From Forest Labs About COPD Drug
View more headlines

Bulletin Board

Special Offer From Thermo Scientific NanoDrop Products
Special Offer From Thermo Scientific NanoDrop Products
Free Trial Instrument

Try the NanoDrop 8000 Spectrophotometer in your lab with your own samples — for free! Learn why bioprocessing organizations are turning to microvolume UV-Vis testing to greatly reduce processing time and increase efficiency.

Industry Events

IBC: Cell Line Development And Engineering
June 21 to 23 | San Francisco, CA

Submission Information

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New Brunswick Scientific
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MasterControl Pharma R&D Software For Pharmaceutical Research And Development Departments
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Project Management
Project Management

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Aptuit
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Cytotoxicity Fluoro-Test
Cytotoxicity Fluoro-Test

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Wako
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1300 Series A2 Biological Safety Cabinet
1300 Series A2 Biological Safety Cabinet

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Thermo Scientific
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FlexFactory&trade; Biomanufacturing Platform
FlexFactory™ Biomanufacturing Platform

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Xcellerex
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Temperature Sensor For Single-Use Precalibrated Technology: Thermal Sensor Disposable Sensor SciTemp
Temperature Sensor For Single-Use Precalibrated Technology: Thermal Sensor Disposable Sensor SciTemp

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Sci-Log
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Image-Based Cell Culture Analysis: Cedex XS
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Single-Use, Disposable, Ready-To-Use Pilot To Industrial Scale Cassettes: Sius&trade;
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Novasep
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Validation
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Pyrosate&reg; Kit Rapid Endotoxin Detection
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Lab Series Freeze Dryer
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