Thursday, August 19, 2010

[socialactionfoundationforequity:4786 Mosque near Ground Zero! ISP II August 2010

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Mosque near Ground Zero!

 

Ram Puniyani

 

 

The memories of 9/11, 2001 have haunted not only the US but the whole of the World, as it changed the direction of global politics and the way people look at Islam and Muslims. This debate was brought forward again recently (August 2010) by a section of US society in the wake of proposed Islamic Cultural Center, near ground zero; the place where the World Trade Center was located. It has been presented as if a mosque is being constructed at ground zero, this will add insult to the injury, it will be a victory of global jihad, and it is a sign of Islamic expansionism. The opinion amongst large sections as reflected in the statement of political figures like Republican Vice-Presidential candidate Sarah Palin, opposed the construction. Barrack Hussein Obama initially pitched for the mosque and later in the face of hysterical attack from the likes of Palin, retracted to say that Muslims too have the right to practice their religion like anybody else, stopping short of openly supporting the construction of mosque as a part of Islamic Cultural Center, near Ground zero.

 

To begin with it is not a mosque; it is a cultural center, with prayer rooms as well. Also it is not at the ground zero; it is two blocks away and has been duly cleared by the competent authorities. The main promoters of the project, Cordoba Initiative1, named after the 10th Century Spanish City, where, Christians, Muslims and Jews lived in harmony; aim to reverse the extremist ideology, to promote American values of multiculturalism and peace. This initiative and its main movers are believers of moderate Islam, condemning the violence which some have perpetrated in the name of Islam. Few blocks away there is another mosque in the same area. In New York, where half a million (5 Lakh) Muslims live, there are many a mosques. So, why such a strong reaction to this proposed cultural center, mosque?

 

One recalls the attackers of 9/11 2001, were no representatives of Islam. Also in the attack on twin towers many a Muslims were also killed. Osama is not a representative of 135 Crore Muslims of the World. He was part of the Al Qaeda, which was propped up by US to counter the Russian attack on Afghanistan. The version of Islam used to indoctrinate the Muslim youth was the most orthodox and conservative version, the Salafi one, prevalent in parts of Saudi Arabia. Saudi regime in turn is an ally of US, as US has a long term contract with Saudi rulers to extract oil from its wells. This version of Islam is far away from humanistic interpretation of Koran and distorts the words, Kafir and Jihad in particular. As such word Kafir stood for one who hides truth, one who used to attack the new converts to Islam, in a hidden manner. This word was distorted to mean a non believer in Islam. Jihad means striving, striving for overcoming personal and social evils. It was distorted to mean killing of non-Muslims. The version of Islam used in Madrassas set up in Pakistan by US, led to formation of Al Qaeda. Al Qaeda version of Islam promotes killing of innocent people, while Koran, Sura5 Ayat 32, teaches that killing of even a single innocent person is like killing the whole humanity.

 

Unfortunately to pursue its interests in the oil zone US machinery merrily distorted Islam and also picked up the most backward version of Islam to be introduced in the US supported Madrassas. Now like Frankenstein's monster, the products of these Madrassas are creating havoc in this region. In the aftermath of 9/11 US media also coined the word 'Islamic terrorism' and the result of this was that terrorism got associated with Islam and Muslims in the popular mind. Today time has come to reverse this process and harp on the liberal and moderate tendencies of all religions, rather than promoting the orthodoxies and extremism of religious tendencies. Those using religion for political goals use the extremist version of religions. In contrast the saints of all religions have harped on moderate, liberal versions, focusing more on moral values contributed by religions.

 

During last decade in US the Muslims have been demonized and singled out. The Muslims from Middle Eastern Region and South Asia have been the particular targets. The theory of 'Clash of Civilizations', the antagonism between religions has been made popular. The alliance of religions in the arena of morality and alliance of civilization in the arena of culture and material development has been undermined. The result is that in a section of people this negative image of Muslims has been drilled very deep down their minds. There is nothing like global Islamist authority taking over US through this cultural center. The proposed center aims to promote intercommunity relations and promote moderate version of Islam, far away from the one propagated by the likes of Osama bin Laden. In US itself most of the liberal Muslims and Muslim groups have condemned the act of terror by any name.

 

As such US state apparatus seems to have used the demonization of Islam and Muslims to enhance its lust for controlling oil wells in the area. It is due to the subtle policies of US state that the particular 'picture' of Muslims has been planted in average peoples mind. U.S. as a hegemonic power has been resorting to such demonization all through. As Noam Chomsky points out US state has been "Manufacturing Consent' to pursue its imperialist goals. During cold war era, it had demonized the Communists due to which McCarthy launched his hunt of Communists in the era of 1950s. The "Hate" against Muslims propagated by various conduits is resulting in the present anti Mosque outbursts of various people in US. In this scenario, there is a glaring ray of hope in the form of Obama's support for Muslims rights to practice their religion. Obama is appealing for de-linking of Al Qaeda from Islam, "The Al Qaeda's cause is not Islam-it is a gross distortion of Islam". Unfortunately even he buckled down under the pressure of section of society, to just reiterate Muslims right to practice their religion rather than an open support for Islamic Cultural Center, with Mosque in that. One hopes the path of peace prevails over the one of Hatred and there is an end to 'Hate other' propaganda, prevailing as an undercurrent in US, and pave the path for peace and amity amongst communities, pave the path for progress of mankind as a whole.

 

--


ISP II AUgust 2010

For Circulation etc.


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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4715 U.S says troop numbers in Iraq at 56,000

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U.S says troop numbers in Iraq at 56,000
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4716 US to Pak: Stop politics, accept India’s aid

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US to Pak: Stop politics, accept India's aid
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4716 Preity Zinta rings NASDAQ bell

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Preity Zinta rings NASDAQ bell
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4716 'Peepli Live' alarmingly live in Nepal

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'Peepli Live' alarmingly live in Nepal
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4716 Vuvuzela enters Oxford English Dictionary

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Vuvuzela enters Oxford English Dictionary
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4715 Raju gets bail; doctors say his health in bad condition

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Raju gets bail; doctors say his health in bad condition
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Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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Re: Medarticles please help with article

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enclosed

anand
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On Wed, Aug 18, 2010 at 9:37 PM, scarecrow <drvimmi@gmail.com> wrote:
Dear Sir
Do you have access to the full article. Can you please mail me the
full article if possible...
Sincerely
scarecrow

J Surg Oncol. 2010 May 1;101(6):527-33.

Methods of esophagogastric anastomoses following esophagectomy for
cancer: A systematic review.

Kim RH, Takabe K.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jso.21510/abstract;jsessionid=C9DE5BAC3AB103A535E80CE1E2B60011.d03t01

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4715 Elders concerned over paid news items

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4715 173 bags of rotten wheat burnt in MP

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Mizo govt receives list of refugees in Tripura

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Couple killed along with daughter under a moving train

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Couple killed along with daughter under a moving train
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Orissa HC reserves verdict on film on Red

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Orissa HC reserves verdict on film on Red
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Kashmiri students divided on 'azadi'

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Kashmiri students divided on 'azadi'
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Experts question efficacy of handing US military tasks in Iraq to civilians in 2011

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Breakdowns in brain connections slow down physical response as we age

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Breakdowns in brain connections slow down physical response as we age
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 N-bill liability cap hiked to Rs.1,500 crore, suppliers' liability fixed

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N-bill liability cap hiked to Rs.1,500 crore, suppliers' liability
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 China tests space module for 2011 launch

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China tests space module for 2011 launch
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 'Know-all' Google may soon help people plan their lives, says CEO

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'Know-all' Google may soon help people plan their lives, says CEO
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 What you flaunt online may haunt your job prospects

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 You're being watched

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Fujifilm unveils world's first 3D camera

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Re: Medarticles Please help in getting full text for the references

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4, 7 sent

anand
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On Wed, Aug 18, 2010 at 11:31 AM, Manju <sudheerj99@gmail.com> wrote:
Dear Friends/Sir
Please help in getting full text for the (Remaining) references
mentioned below as
early as possible. Please upload here also.

Thanks & regards
Sudheer J.

Reference particular

4.) Alam, M.I., Gomes, A. Viper venom-induced inflammation and
inhibition of free radical formation by pure compound (2-hydroxy-4-
methoxy benzoic acid) isolated and purified from anantamul
(Hemidesmus
indicus R. Br.) root extract. Toxicon. 1998; 36(1): 207-215.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
PMID: 9604294
doi:10.1016/S0041-0101(97)00070-6

5.) Abbasi, M.A., Ahmad, V.U., Zubair, M., Nawaz, S.A., Lodhi, M.A.,
Farooq, U., Choudhary, M.I. Lipoxygenase inhibiting ethyl substituted
glycoside from Symplocos racemosa. Nat. Prod. Res. 2005; 19(5):
509-515.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
PMID: 15938197

7.) Biswas, T.K., Mukherjee, B. Plant medicines of Indian origin for
wound healing activity: A review. Int. J. Low. Extrem. Wounds 2003;
2(1): 25-39.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
PMID: 15866825
http://ijl.sagepub.com/content/2/1/25.abstract
doi: 10.1177/1534734603002001006

8.) Kaneko, K., Shimanuki, T., Komoda, T., Kase, Y., Iinuma, T. Nose
bleeds and nitric oxide in the nose. Nippon Jibiinkoka. Gakkai Kaiho
2000; 103(9): 986-992.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11070975
PMID: 11070975
http://sciencelinks.jp/j-east/article/200102/000020010200A0981647.php
Accession number;00A0981647
Journal Code:Z0669A
ISSN:0030-6622

9.) Laplace, C., Huet, O., Vicaut, E., Ract, C., Martin, L.,
Benhamou,
D., Duranteau, J. Endothelial oxidative stress induced by serum from
patients with severe trauma hemorrhage. Intensive Care Med. 2005;
31(9): 1174-1180.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16049709
PMID: 16049709
http://www.springerlink.com/content/p821730741t0r464/
DOI: 10.1007/s00134-005-2737-7

10.) Nakamura, T., Keep, R.F., Hua, Y., Hoff, J.T., Xi, G. Oxidative
DNA injury after experimental intracerebral hemorrhage. Brain Res.
2005; 1039(1-2): 30-36.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15781043
PMID: 15781043
doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2005.01.036

11.) Bhattacharya, A., Ghosal, S., Bhattacharya, S.K. Antioxidant
activity of tannoid principles of Emblica officinalis (amla) in
chronic stress induced changes in rat brain. Indian J. Exp. Biol.
2000; 38(9): 877-880.
http://grande.nal.usda.gov/ibids/index.php?mode2=detail&origin=ibids_...
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
PMID: 12561944

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Re: Medarticles Please help in getting full text for the references

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4, 7 enclosed

anand
http://www.indiasarkarinaukri.com/

On Wed, Aug 18, 2010 at 11:31 AM, Manju <sudheerj99@gmail.com> wrote:
Dear Friends/Sir
Please help in getting full text for the (Remaining) references
mentioned below as
early as possible. Please upload here also.

Thanks & regards
Sudheer J.

Reference particular

4.) Alam, M.I., Gomes, A. Viper venom-induced inflammation and
inhibition of free radical formation by pure compound (2-hydroxy-4-
methoxy benzoic acid) isolated and purified from anantamul
(Hemidesmus
indicus R. Br.) root extract. Toxicon. 1998; 36(1): 207-215.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
PMID: 9604294
doi:10.1016/S0041-0101(97)00070-6

5.) Abbasi, M.A., Ahmad, V.U., Zubair, M., Nawaz, S.A., Lodhi, M.A.,
Farooq, U., Choudhary, M.I. Lipoxygenase inhibiting ethyl substituted
glycoside from Symplocos racemosa. Nat. Prod. Res. 2005; 19(5):
509-515.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
PMID: 15938197

7.) Biswas, T.K., Mukherjee, B. Plant medicines of Indian origin for
wound healing activity: A review. Int. J. Low. Extrem. Wounds 2003;
2(1): 25-39.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
PMID: 15866825
http://ijl.sagepub.com/content/2/1/25.abstract
doi: 10.1177/1534734603002001006

8.) Kaneko, K., Shimanuki, T., Komoda, T., Kase, Y., Iinuma, T. Nose
bleeds and nitric oxide in the nose. Nippon Jibiinkoka. Gakkai Kaiho
2000; 103(9): 986-992.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11070975
PMID: 11070975
http://sciencelinks.jp/j-east/article/200102/000020010200A0981647.php
Accession number;00A0981647
Journal Code:Z0669A
ISSN:0030-6622

9.) Laplace, C., Huet, O., Vicaut, E., Ract, C., Martin, L.,
Benhamou,
D., Duranteau, J. Endothelial oxidative stress induced by serum from
patients with severe trauma hemorrhage. Intensive Care Med. 2005;
31(9): 1174-1180.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16049709
PMID: 16049709
http://www.springerlink.com/content/p821730741t0r464/
DOI: 10.1007/s00134-005-2737-7

10.) Nakamura, T., Keep, R.F., Hua, Y., Hoff, J.T., Xi, G. Oxidative
DNA injury after experimental intracerebral hemorrhage. Brain Res.
2005; 1039(1-2): 30-36.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15781043
PMID: 15781043
doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2005.01.036

11.) Bhattacharya, A., Ghosal, S., Bhattacharya, S.K. Antioxidant
activity of tannoid principles of Emblica officinalis (amla) in
chronic stress induced changes in rat brain. Indian J. Exp. Biol.
2000; 38(9): 877-880.
http://grande.nal.usda.gov/ibids/index.php?mode2=detail&origin=ibids_...
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
PMID: 12561944

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 You're being watched

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 How to enhance the life of lithium-based batteries

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Soon, deaf people to use sign language on cell phones to talk

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Now, an iPhone app that will help singles hook up

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Dell to sell tablet for $300 with AT&T contract

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Injured Henin won't return until 2011

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Injured Henin won't return until 2011
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Cashless facility in Delhi hospitals may resume from tomorrow

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Cashless facility in Delhi hospitals may resume from tomorrow
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4704 Indian, Chinese middle class new engine of global growth: ADB

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Indian, Chinese middle class new engine of global growth: ADB
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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4702 Half the Sky: how the trafficking of women today is on a par with genocide

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Half the Sky: how the trafficking of women today is on a par with
genocide
http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2010/aug/19/women-slavery-half-the-sky

The authors of a new book, Half the Sky, say the slavery and abuse of
women is the greatest moral outrage of our century

Ed Pilkington The Guardian, Thursday 19 August 2010 Article history
Asha and Suborna (background), young bonded sex workers in a brothel
in Faridpur, Bangladesh. Photograph: GMB Akash/Panos

Nicholas Kristof is not the kind of person you would expect to be a
slave owner. As a columnist on that most august of newspapers, the New
York Times, he belongs to an elite within an elite, the embodiment of
journalistic seriousness. Yet there he was, in 2004, blithely forking
out $150 (£96) for Srey Neth and $203 for another teenager, Srey Momm;
handing over the money to a brothel keeper in exchange for a receipt
and complete dispensation to do with the two girls as he would. Nick
Kristof: double Pulitzer prize winner, bestselling author, slave
owner. But that, as is made clear in his new book, written with his
wife Sheryl WuDunn, is just the start of it.

Half the Sky
by Nicholas D. Kristof, Sheryl WuDunn
Buy it from the Guardian bookshopSearch the Guardian bookshop
At the time of his purchase, Kristof had been travelling to a wild
and dangerous part of north-western Cambodia, and had checked into an
$8-a-night hotel-cum-brothel in the town of Poipet. He arranged to see
Neth, who had been in the brothel for a month, having been sold to its
owner by her own cousin. Thin and fragile, she had no idea how old she
was, but looked to Kristof about 14. Her virginity had been auctioned
to a Thai casino manager who later died of Aids, and now she was on
offer to local punters at a premium price by dint of her youth and
light skin.

Kristof arranged to buy her, as well as Momm from a different brothel.
Momm was a frail girl further down the line of misery, having been
forced into prostitution five years previously. Amid floods of tears
and rage, she pleaded with Kristof to be bought, freed and taken back
to her village on the other side of Cambodia. He took both girls back
to their villages and, with the help of an American charity, attempted
to ease them back into society.

The story of Neth and Momm is just a small indication of the lengths
Kristof and WuDunn are prepared to go to expose the injustices that
they see in the modern world. Buying up child prostitutes is pretty
extreme, but no more than the message they are seeking to deliver in
their groundbreaking book, Half the Sky.

In it, they argue that the world is in the grip of a massive moral
outrage no less egregious in scale or in the intensity of despair than
the African slave trade of the 18th and 19th centuries or the
genocides of the 20th. They believe this outrage is a key factor
behind many of the most pressing economic and political issues today,
from famine in Africa to Islamist terrorism and climate change. Yet
they say the phenomenon is largely hidden, invisible to most of us and
passing relatively unreported. At worst it is actively tolerated; at
best it is ignored.

The fodder of this latterday trade in human suffering is not African
people, but women. Which is why they call it "gendercide". If the
supreme moral challenge of the 19th century was slavery, and of the
20th century the fight against totalitarianism, then, they write, "in
this century the paramount moral challenge will be the struggle for
gender equality in the developing world".

The contention is as startling as the idea of a Pulitzer prize-winning
journalist buying up prostitutes. I put it to them that, to some
people, the claim will seem overblown. After all, you don't go lightly
comparing the plight of women in developing countries today with
slavery or, by implication, the Holocaust.

"This idea is a couple of decades in gestation," Kristof says. "Over
those years, we reluctantly came to the conclusion that this really is
the greatest moral challenge of this century."

A 16-year-old Cambodian girl hides after being rescued from a brothel
were she was forced to work. Photograph: Rob Elliott/AFP Then WuDunn
chimes in: "When you hear that 60 to 100 million females are missing
in the current population, we thought that number compares in the
scope and size. And then you compare the slave trade at its peak in
the 1780s, when there were 80,000 slaves transported from Africa to
the New World, and you see there are now 10 times that amount of women
trafficked across international borders, so you start to think you are
talking about comparable weight."

Their disturbing conclusion seems all the more powerful for being
reached at the end of what they call a "journey of awakening", which
began in such different places. Kristof is the product of the west
coast who grew up on a sheep and cherry farm in Oregon, the son of
liberal academics. WuDunn is east coast-cum-Orient; a third-generation
Chinese American formed through the fusion of her family's Chinese
roots and the urbanity of New York City.

The hotch-potch of influences is reflected in their suburban New York
home where we meet, a large house set in its own thick greenery in an
area of real estate where residents are surely more familiar with
hedge funds and stock fluctuations than fistulas or honour killings.
It feels a little incongruous, the horror of what we're discussing
amid the tranquility of the setting. But the gulf is lessened by the
fact that they have surrounded themselves with mementoes of their many
travels: African wooden dolls, Asian carvings and a large box bed from
China covered in furs that fills the living room.

WuDunn and Kristof date the start of their journey to Tiananmen
Square, which they covered for the New York Times, having been sent to
China by the paper as a young married couple shortly before the 1989
protests erupted (they won a joint Pulitzer for their troubles). "We
were horrified by what we saw in Tiananmen," WuDunn says. "But then we
went roaming in the countryside a year or two afterwards and started
finding all this stuff we had never heard about: the infanticide, with
30 million baby girls missing in the Chinese population."

They realised with a jolt that, every week, as many infant girls were
dying in China through lack of access to health care as the up-to-800
protesters who died in Tiananmen. Kristof received a further shock in
1996 when he came face-to-face with girls being trafficked for sex in
Cambodia. "I went to a village outside Phnom Penh where a very young
teenage girl was having her virginity auctioned. Instead of helping
her, the police were there to ensure that, if she escaped, she would
be returned to her owners. The main difference from 19th-century
slavery was that all these girls would be dead of Aids by their
twenties. I was really shaken by how open it was, how blatant. It
wasn't underground slavery, it was like what a cutting plantation
would have been 150 years earlier."

The discovery of such horrendous abuse got them wondering about the
nature of the journalism they were engaged in. Here they were, along
with the rest of the "serious" press, debating weighty geopolitical
issues of the day. Yet this huge injustice was going on under their
noses, largely unreported, dismissed as "women's issues" by the
mainstream media. "We've thought a lot about the failure to see this,"
says WuDunn. "Partly, it's because the news is defined by what happens
on a particular day, and a lot of the most important things in the
world don't happen on a particular day . . ."

"And it's partly that our definition of what constitutes news is a
legacy of the perspective of middle-aged men," adds Kristof. "It may
well be that one major reason why high-school girls drop out of school
around the world is that they have trouble managing menstruation, and
probably one reason nobody has cottoned on to this is that people who
run aid organisations and write about it have never menstruated."

Gradually, they began to see this great global disaster more clearly,
discovering that, every year, at least two million girls worldwide
disappear because of discrimination. They began to investigate and
chronicle its various forms, from sexual slavery to honour killings of
women deemed to have disgraced the family, to rape as an extension of
war, to genital mutilation, to the less violent but no less damaging
exclusion of women from health services and education. They widened
their net from China to India, Korea, Japan and then Africa.

Runa, 20, a prostitute in Bangladesh. The scar on her face was made
by her pimp. Photograph: Sven Torfinn/Panos "Over the years we began
to think about the thread between all of this," WuDunn says. "We
realised there was a societal attitude that doesn't allow women to be
active members of society, that doesn't treat them like human beings.
That's the link: the disregard of women as human beings."

The dawning recognition that they were confronted by nothing less than
a modern form of global slavery, with women as its victims, has had
profound personal and professional implications for them both. Above
all, it has demanded a rethinking of the function of their writing. If
you are convinced you have stumbled across an enormous moral outrage,
you cannot merely cast light on the subject. You have to do something
to stop it. You have to effect change.

That is what makes their book – named after the Chinese saying that
women hold up half the sky – so unusual, not just in its searing and
heart-rending contents but in its steely determination and sense of
purpose. As the Washington Post's reviewer put it, this is a "call to
arms, a call for help, a call for contributions, but also a call for
volunteers".

From the opening pages, WuDunn and Kristof make an unashamed pitch for
the reader's support and engagement. No on-the-one-hand-this and on-
the-other-hand-that. "We hope to recruit you," the authors write, "to
join an incipient movement to emancipate women . . . Just open your
heart and join in."

At the end of the book, in similar vein, they give a list of action
points that readers can take within 10 minutes to make a difference.
And they set us a personal challenge: will we join a historical
movement to eradicate sex slavery, honour killings and acid attacks,
or are we content to remain detached bystanders? It is the 21st-
century equivalent of that ultimately probing 20th-century question:
"What did you do in the war, Daddy?"

The ambition to inspire us to action, to foment what they call a
modern abolitionist movement, informs every page of the book. It's not
just evident in the direct appeals they make to readers; it is also
subliminally present in the way they manage their information.
Specifically, they wanted to avoid a numbing effect where readers
would become so overwhelmed by the grimness and apparent hopelessness
of the lives women lead that they would sink into depression, rather
than leap into action.

So WuDunn and Kristof studied psychological papers on what gels people
to participate, and discovered that statistics are particularly bad as
motivational tools. By contrast, focus on individuals is key. In one
experiment, research subjects were told to donate $5 to alleviate
world hunger. They were offered the choice of giving the money to
Rokia, a girl in Mali aged seven, or to reduce hunger among 21 million
Africans. Most chose Rokia. In another study, people were asked to
give $300,000 to fight cancer. One group was told the money would save
the life of a single child, another that it would save eight children.
Perversely, people gave almost twice as much to save just one child
rather than eight.

The authors have followed the lessons of these psychological studies
They do have statistics in the book, many of which are harrowing. The
equivalent of five jumbo jets' worth of women die in labour each day.
Every 10 seconds a girl somewhere in the world is pinned down, her
legs pulled apart and a part of her genitals cut off, mainly without
anaesthetic.

But because the studies warn of the perils, they keep numbers in their
place, and instead focus on individual stories. Such as that of
Mukhtar Mai, who grew up in a peasant village in southern Punjab and
was gang-raped as a child by members of a higher-status local clan.
After that she was expected to commit suicide – that's what women who
have been gang-raped do. Instead, she went to the police, and with the
$8,300 she received in compensation set up a village school.

Or Sunitha Krishnan, who stands just four-and-a-half-feet tall but who
has become a legendary fighter in the war against sex trafficking. She
set up an organisation in Hyderabad called Prajwala that has helped
some 1,500 women escape from prostitution and into new careers such as
carpentry or welding.

As well as focusing on the personal, the authors relentlessly
accentuate the positive; constantly firing out examples where terrible
wrongs have been overcome, proving that seemingly immutable problems
can be shifted. The most powerful case for WuDunn is also the most
personal: her grandmother's feet were bound in the rural village where
her family originates, yet today feet binding in China is unknown.
"I'm so conscious of how lucky I am there was a movement in China and
abroad that put a stop to a practice that was centuries old." The
authors also remind us that genital mutilation was practised regularly
in England until the 1860s. It too was eradicated.

"The research stresses the importance of the positive," says Kristof.
"People want to be part of something that is successful, and that's
one reason why, even though a lot of the stories we profile plumb some
really desperate moments, we also try and show it is possible to make
a difference. We don't want to sound manipulative – but we do want
readers to care about these issues. We followed research in terms of
writing in a way that would engage people, and Half the Sky was a kind
of experiment in trying to use these approaches to reach a broader
audience. From that regard, I think it worked remarkably."

More than 300,000 copies have been sold in the US, a four-hour public
broadcasting TV documentary is in the works, and a videogame version
of the book will be launched in an attempt to reach a younger
audience. More importantly, the authors' call to arms has been heard,
with people across the US who first engaged with Half the Sky through
reading groups transforming their networks into mini-aid
organisations, raising money and making contact with projects abroad.
Some 580 book clubs, with 6,500 members, signed up to a Half the Sky
project organised by the global aid agency Mercy Corps that raised
$20,000. Beyond the money, book club members held speaking
engagements, wrote to elected officials, placed opinion pieces in the
local paper, and generally caused a stir that in turn inspired others
to get involved.

Kristof and WuDunn hand me a letter. "I have a strong passion for
helping women," writes its female author. "After reading your book, I
decided to take my passion and turn it into my life. I travelled to
Uganda, where I saw first-hand how difficult life is for those living
in extreme poverty."

And here's one from a woman in Ohio: "After reading your book I felt I
had to do something, so I enlisted the members of my water aerobics
class at the Cleveland Racquet Club. We now have $640 to foster girls'
education." And another from Saratoga Springs: "This year, for the
holidays, I gave 25 copies of your book Half the Sky. The result has
been the enthusiastic desire of a group of us to establish a multi-
generational women's giving circle."

It's the kind of feedback any author or publisher would die for. "I
think it's truly taking off," Kristof says.

As for his slaves, it hasn't been easy for them. Momm slid back into
prostitution to feed the methamphetamine addiction she had already
acquired when Kristof "bought" her. But she eventually became free for
a second time following a government crackdown on brothels, and
married one of her customers. In 2008, Kristof went to Cambodia to see
her again. She called herself a housewife, and said she had left her
old life behind for ever.

Neth had her troubles too. She was diagnosed with HIV and thought her
life was over, but found medical treatment and also eventually married
and had a son. When Kristof last saw her, she told him she planned to
set up a hairdressing salon. She said she would name it after him.

Half the Sky: How to Change the World by Nicholas D. Kristof and
Sheryl WuDunn is published by Virago, price £12.99. To order a copy
for £10.99 with free UK p&p go to guardian.co.uk/bookshop or call 0330
333 6846

• This article was amended on 19 August 2010. The original referred to
the slave trade at its peek in the 1780s. This has been corrected.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:4702 Lifestyle factors linked to teens' headaches

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Lifestyle factors linked to teens' headaches
http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE67H4VC20100818

By Amy Norton

NEW YORK | Wed Aug 18, 2010 5:27pm EDT

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Teenagers who are overweight, get little
exercise, or smoke may be more likely than their peers to have
recurrent headaches, researchers reported Wednesday.

Norwegian researchers found that among nearly 6,000 13- to 18-year-
olds they assessed, those who were overweight, sedentary or who smoked
were more likely to report suffering recurrent headaches in the past
year -- including both migraines and common tension-type headaches.

The findings, published in the journal Neurology, do not show whether
those lifestyle factors may raise teenagers' risk of developing
frequent headaches in the first place.

But they raise the possibility that addressing kids' weight, smoking
or exercise levels could help prevent or manage headache problems,
senior researcher Dr. John-Anker Zwart, of Oslo University Hospital in
Norway, told Reuters Health in an email.

The results mirror those that have been seen in adults with recurrent
headaches; but the role of lifestyle in teenagers' headaches has
rarely been studied, Zwart said.

The study "is an important step in clarifying the effects of lifestyle
factors on headache," according to the authors of an editorial
published with the report.

And it "sets the stage" for looking at the effects of treatments
focused on weight, smoking and exercise, write Dr. Andrew D. Hershey,
of Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and Dr. Richard B.
Lipton, of Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York.

For the study, Zwart's team interviewed 5,847 teenagers about a number
of health and lifestyle factors, including any headaches they'd
suffered in the past year not related to a cold or other acute
illness.

Overall, 36 percent of girls and 21 percent of boys said they'd had
recurrent headaches in the previous year. Tension-type headaches were
most common, but one-quarter of girls with recurrent headaches
reported migraines, as did a similar percentage of boys.

In general, rates of smoking, overweight and low physical activity --
defined as exercising less than twice per week -- were higher among
teens with recurrent headaches compared with their peers.

Among boys, 19 percent of those with headaches were overweight, versus
15 percent of those who were headache-free; 31 percent versus 25
percent reported low exercise levels; and 20 percent versus 15 percent
said they currently smoked.

Among girls, 20 percent of those with recurrent headache were
overweight, compared with 14 percent of their headache-free peers; 37
percent versus 32 percent had low activity levels; and 27 percent
versus 18 percent smoked.

The researchers found that each of the three factors was linked to an
increased risk of headache problems, after controlling for the effects
of the other two lifestyle factors, as well as age and gender.

Overweight teens were 40 percent more likely to have recurrent
headaches than their peers with none of the three negative lifestyle
factors. Those with low activity levels had a 20 percent increase in
their risk, and smokers had a 50 percent increase.

Moreover, teenagers with all three unhealthy lifestyle factors showed
the highest risk of recurrent headaches. Nearly 55 percent reported
headache problems, compared with 24 percent of teenagers who were
normal weight, non-smokers and exercised at least twice per week.

The findings leave open the question of whether excess pounds, smoking
or inactivity are risk factors for recurrent headaches, or whether
they may exacerbate existing headaches -- making them more frequent or
intense, according to Hershey and Lipton.

Large studies that follow participants over time are needed to answer
those questions, they point out.

With smoking, for example, it is plausible that tobacco could act as a
headache trigger. On the other hand, people with frequent headaches
may be more prone to depression or anxiety, for instance -- which
could, in turn, have some of them reaching for cigarettes.

Zwart's team agrees that mental health and other factors, like
families' socioeconomic status, may help explain the relationships
among smoking, weight, exercise and recurrent headaches.

However, positive lifestyle changes are bound to bring teenagers
health benefits.

"The take-home message," Zwart said, "is that it is worthwhile to try
preventive measures and encourage positive lifestyle changes in
adolescents with recurrent headaches, which includes stopping smoking,
better and healthy dietary habits, as well as regular exercise."

SOURCE: link.reuters.com/huw75n Neurology, online August 18, 2010.

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In This Issue:

08/19/10

Featured Articles

Collaboration Enables Faster Time To Market
By Herman Mitchell, Life Science Leader magazine
Whether generic or branded, in the high-stakes race to bring a therapeutic drug to market, manufacturers are engaged in two simultaneous challenges.


Why Six Sigma Equals Failure For Life Sciences
By Kronos, Inc.
To avoid giant recalls, today's life sciences companies are actively pursuing Six Sigma as a methodology for reducing errors, optimizing quality, and ensuring that their products are as safe — and as profitable — as possible.


An Efficient Synthesis Of Methyl 2-Methoxy-4-Amino-5-Chloro-Benzoate-(Carbonyl-14C)
By Analytical Bio-Chemistry Laboratories (ABC Labs)
Methyl 2-Methoxy-4-Amino-5-Chloro-Benzoate- [Carbonyl-14C] (MMACB-14C) is an important intermediate in the synthesis of several Carbon-14 labeled APIs. Compound 1 was needed as an intermediate for a synthesis that required seven additional steps that resulted in an overall yield of 36%. A better route was required to make the synthesis more efficient.


Invacare Streamlines Complaint Management With Sparta Systems
By Sparta Systems, Inc.
The Sparta Systems TrackWise solution enables Invacare to harmonize the complaint intake and investigation process globally, consolidating redundant systems, reducing manual operations, and reducing costs.


MEMS-Enabled Products: A Growing Market Segment
By Stephen D. Senturia, Polychromix, Inc.
There are significant challenges to creating successful MEMS-enabled products. The first is the necessity of co-design of the MEMS with the system into which the MEMS will be embedded. This is most easily understood with an example, the PHAZIRTM hand-held near-infrared spectrometer for materials analysis developed by Polychromix.

Spotlight On Process Equipment

Product Sheet: Mini-Monobloc Fill/Finish System
The Filamatic Mini-Monobloc Fill/Finish System, utilizing advanced servo controls provides a simple and cost-effective method for small production liquid filling, capping, and/or stoppering of plastic, glass, and metal containers ranging in size from 0.5 ml to 60 ml.

Product Sheet: Mini-Monobloc Fill/Finish System

Product Sheet: Heat Exchangers
Sharpsville Container specializes in the manufacturing of corrosion-resistant heat exchangers and immersion heater technologies. Their team of engineers can assist with the design to meet any custom application that you may need.

Product Sheet: Heat Exchangers

Datasheet: Servolift Custom Lifting Systems
Servolift specializes in customized, one-off cGMP machinery for the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry. We have built hundreds of totally unique machines.

Datasheet: Servolift Custom Lifting Systems

Brochure: Securing cGMP In Pharmaceutical Production
Getinge is dedicated to satisfying the needs of the pharmaceutical industry. Therefore, great attention to detail in the manufacture and performance of pharmaceutical steam and water systems is paid by Getinge to ensure that they comply fully with cGMP regulations.

Brochure: Securing cGMP In Pharmaceutical Production

Datasheet: Paratherm LC™ System-Cleaner Liquid
The new LC™ Liquid is specifically formulated to dissolve and suspend sludge deposits that can reduce flow — and thus heat transfer — in larger continuously operated systems. Compatible with mineral oil-based fluids, it operates while the system does, eliminating the downtime involved with flushing fluids or chemical cleaning agents.

Datasheet: Paratherm LC&trade; System-Cleaner Liquid

Brochure: New Stickpack Filler MSP560
Compared to other machines on the market, the MSP560 is extremely compact. The film path in particular is very simple and easy to manage, with extensive access from the front. This last feature is indeed important to make the operator's work much easier. Furthermore, the machine is easily installed in any environment.

Brochure: New Stickpack Filler MSP560

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While many pharmaceutical and biotech companies, makers of medical supplies and devices, and other life sciences organizations enjoy high profit margins, public concern about rising drug and health care costs are causing them to be increasingly cost conscious.

Catalog: Gloveboxes Hoods And Vacuum Chambers
Terra's versatile designs let you configure a chamber to your exact process specifications-using standard control modules and standard pricing!

Brochure: MCP 300/500: Highly Accurate Measurement Of Optical Rotation
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TrackWise has been designed to use a centralized database structure, which can hold any number of record types, providing the ability to manage and track all business applications using a single, centralized interface.
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Industry News

Studies Pinpoint Key Targets For MRSA Vaccine
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Bosch Leads Industry In Implementation Of Fully Integrated Isolators
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AMT's Marketing Authorization Application For Glybera® Progressing On Schedule
MOCON Receives Order From China For 40 Permeation Systems
CentriVap® Centrifugal Concentrators And Cold Traps Available For Immediate Delivery
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