Friday, February 18, 2011

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:13489 Re: Middle East Protests Ignite | Afghanistan's Shelters for Women at Risk

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Dear Brothers & Sisters,

As a responsible citizen, why can't each one of us wake up &
contribute our mite to combat such abuses prevailing not only in the
mid-east but also in the other parts of this world? So let's unitedly
advocate reforms which promotes effective/good governance that
respects human rights (irespective of gender, caste, creed/faith,
class, colour, etc) and establishes the rule of law on this Earth.

Hoping for your voluntary cooperation with a team spirit to facilitate
the global peace & progress through need-based reforms in this
disturbed society of the 21st century by God's Grace!

Thank You & Regards,
Curtorim Union


On Feb 18, 9:30 am, Avnish Jolly <avnishjo...@yahoo.com> wrote:
> --- On Fri, 18/2/11, Human Rights Watch <n...@hrw.org> wrote:
>
> From: Human Rights Watch <n...@hrw.org>
> Subject: Middle East Protests Ignite | Afghanistan's Shelters for Women at Risk
> To: "Avnish Jolly" <avnishjo...@yahoo.com>
> Date: Friday, 18 February, 2011, 4:34
>
> #yiv890344572 a {text-decoration:none;color:#0072b9;}#yiv890344572 a:link:hover, #yiv890344572 a:visited:hover {text-decoration:underline;color:#0072b9;}
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>
> #yiv890344572 , #yiv890344572 html {padding:0;margin:0;height:100%;}
>
> Having trouble viewing this email? Click here.
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> February 17, 2011
>
> Follow us on            
>
> Protests Ignite Across Middle East
>
> Many Demonstrators Beaten, Arrested, Some Even Killed
>
> Across the Middle East, peaceful protesters took to the streets. Many have been arrested and beaten by authorities, and some have been killed.
> Early this morning in Bahrain, without warning, riot police attacked sleeping protesters, firing teargas, rubber bullets, and pellets.
> Police surrounded an area where up to 3,000 protesters, including families with children, were sleeping, leaving no means of escape, said Maryam al-Khawaja, of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights. Three were killed and scores injured, she told us.
> Read details of the attacks in Bahrain >>
> More than 1,000 demonstrators marched in Yemen's capital, Sanaa, on Tuesday. Several hundred paramilitaries carrying bats, assault rifles, stun guns, and tear gasguns, charged the protesters, witnesses said.
> Mizar Baggash Ghanem told Human Rights Watch that the security forces shocked him with a stun gun. His back bore several fresh red wounds.
> Read the accounts of protesters in Yemen >>
> Thousands of Iranians gathered Monday to protest a wave of arrests and a clampdown on telephone and internet access. Security forces broke up crowds with teargas and batons, witnesses said.
> One demonstrator said he saw many people injured from blows with batons and sticks by riot police and paramilitary forces.
> Read eyewitness accounts of attacks in Iran >>
> Libyans in Benghazi staged protests after authorities arrested key activists. Authorities used teargas and batons, as well as attackers in street clothes, to disperse them. Sources told us that one person was killed. Human Rights Watch has compiled a list of those arrested.
> Read about the arrests in Libya >>
> Governments should rein in their riot police and ensure full investigations into these abuses.
>
> Photo: © 2011 Reuters
>
> Women's Shelters at Risk in Afghanistan
>
> Hard-Liners See Shelters as Encouraging Immorality in Women
>
> The Afghan government is moving to take over women's shelters, almost all of them now run by nongovernmental organizations or the United Nations, threatening the safety of women seeking shelter from abuse.
> If the proposed regulation is implemented, some shelters would close. Forensic examinations would be compulsory, even when unnecessary, deterring women from seeking refuge. A woman could be evicted if her family wanted her to come home, or if she married, whether or not she consented. A committee of government appointees would control entry and dismissal.
> Women's shelters are controversial among hard-line religious factions, who have portrayed them as encouraging immorality or protecting "bad girls."
> Shelter providers told Human Rights Watch that they often face death threats from families demanding the return of women or girls in the shelters' care. We also documented cases in which women in these shelters, who fear their families will kill them, have been pressured by government officials to return home.   
> Yesterday at a conference about Afghanistan, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said the US strongly supported the shelters, only to be accused by Afghan authorities of not respecting Afghan culture. According to Clinton, it's an example of people using cultural differences as an excuse for human rights violations.
> With Afghanistan's government full of misogynist warlords, government-run shelters would be far more likely to cave in to pressure from families and tribes to hand back the victims, putting women's lives at risk.
>
> Read more »
>
> Photo: © 2009 Reuters
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> Most Popular Headlines
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> President Mubarak Steps Down
> Today belongs to the people of Egypt as they celebrate a great triumph in their stuggle for freedom, dignity, and human rights against decades of repression and corruption. The road ahead is full of challenges and the Egyptian army must honor its pledge to protect the gains of this courageous protest movement.
>
> Egypt: Free Detainees, Lift Emergency, End Torture
> The first priority of Egypt's military authorities should be to create a government that respects human rights and establishes the rule of law. A good place to begin would be for the Higher Military Council to end the state of emergency and demonstrate zero tolerance for the abusive practices of the past.
>
> US: Protect Detainees in Immigration Facilities from Rape  
> Rape is rape, whether in a federal prison, a local lockup, or an immigration detention facility. By excluding detainees in immigration facilities from Prison Rape Elimination Act standards, the attorney general's proposed standards put an already vulnerable population at even greater risk than the general prison population.
>
> Editor's Picks
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> Many HIV/Aids Patients Suffer Pain Needlessly
> by Juliane Kippenberg
> and Laura Thomas
> The East African
> Recently released global data by UNAids points to enormous progress in preventing and treating HIV. But a central issue has been absent from the debate. The optimistic figures gloss over the enormous pain suffered by millions of HIV patients - needless suffering that can be prevented.
>
> Thailand: Southern Insurgents Should Stop Attacking Civilians  
> The leaders of separatist insurgent groups in Thailand's southern border provinces need to rethink their tactics, which are abhorrent, illegal, and completely unjustifiable. There is no excuse for indiscriminate or deliberate attacks against civilians.
>
> Dismantling the Machinery of Oppression
> by Eric Goldstein
> Wall Street Journal 
> Police states are labor-intensive. Therein lies a major problem facing transitional governments, not only in Tunisia but now also in Egypt. While many Tunisian police officers and members of the former ruling party held benign jobs, others hounded dissidents, tortured Islamists, and shook down their compatriots. They did not exit with Messrs. Ben Ali and Mubarak.
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rec.bicycles.racing - 25 new messages in 7 topics - digest

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rec.bicycles.racing
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing?hl=en

rec.bicycles.racing@googlegroups.com

Today's topics:

* I'm going to start accelerating in turns! - 10 messages, 7 authors
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/c9bc8a59ae3b5760?hl=en
* Dopador Back to Racing - 3 messages, 3 authors
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/946e0a4b4d21474a?hl=en
* Stage 2 - Watson, Jennings, Rutter - 7 messages, 6 authors
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/3dc69f70bc683845?hl=en
* SEE THIS &ENJOY - 1 messages, 1 author
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/1dee552de74c786c?hl=en
* Free Lap Dance - 2 messages, 2 authors
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/5d7b7182883dc413?hl=en
* BUY CHEAP CALAN ONLINE ! - 1 messages, 1 author
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/f5c339e8d49814aa?hl=en
* See? We can do without ! - 1 messages, 1 author
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/55283b34fbe46b6f?hl=en

==============================================================================
TOPIC: I'm going to start accelerating in turns!
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/c9bc8a59ae3b5760?hl=en
==============================================================================

== 1 of 10 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 12:33 am
From: "H. Fred Kveck"


In article <3e40717a-919e-498d-a935-c22db6b1468b@q2g2000pre.googlegroups.com>,
Fredmaster of Brainerd <bjweiner@gmail.com> wrote:

> On Feb 16, 1:18�am, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
> wrote:
> > �Scott <hendricks_sc...@hotmail.com> wrote:
> > > On Feb 15, 5:07 am, "A. Dumas" <alexan...@dumas.fr.invalid> wrote:
> > > > Scott wrote:
> > > > > No, they're not. Even a regular ring that's slightly out of round
> > > > > will have at least one 'tight' spot that requires you to set the
> > > > > chain
> > > > > tension based on that spot Depending on just how badly out of round
> > > > > the ring is, it could easily be too loose at the loosest point.
> > > > > Biopace on a fixie = fail.
> >
> > > > Have you even ridden a fixed gear, like, ever?
> >
> > > Yep. �6 seasons of racing (worked my way up to cat 2, which is no big
> > > deal except I didn't start track racing until I was 37), and countless
> > > thousands of winter base miles on a fixed gear over the last 20
> > > years. �Is there something in particular with what I wrote earlier
> > > that you'd like to refute?
> >
> > � �That was a reference to the 2000 era when a John Hansen asked Shaun
> > Wallace if
> > he'd ever ridden a fixed gear. See:
> >
> > http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/msg/bfcd823353ed41ce
> >
> > � �By the way, you're absolutely right about chainrings and tension. It
> > doesn't take
> > much ring off-centeredness (nice word, huh?) to make a chain get tight and
> > loose. So
> > a Biopace ring is right out.
>
> I think a Biopace chainring on a fixed gear is
> a bad idea, but I also think we haven't come
> up with a fully convincing explanation of why.
>
> Biopace chainrings were designed so that
> they have a constant amount of chain engaged,
> just like a regular chainring. It sort of looks
> like the chain take up should vary wildly, but
> it doesn't. If it did, when you rode a Biopace
> derailleur bike, the jockey pulley would be
> constantly moving back and forth to take up
> chain, and I've never seen that. The tension
> ought to be about constant. In fact I think my
> first singlespeed MTB hack had a Biopace ring
> for a few days until I found a real ring.
>
> As Scott said, no chainring is perfectly round.
> But I don't see why a Biopace chainring would
> be harder to center, since you do that by feel,
> not by eyeball. Sure, it would have a tight and
> loose spot, but no worse than a round ring.
>
> The late great Sheldon Brown was inexplicably
> a fan of Biopace, and he ran fixed gears with it:
>
> http://www.sheldonbrown.com/biopace.html
>
> Of course most of us aren't as good mechanics
> as he was. My guess as to why Biopace on a fixie
> is a bad idea is that the chain moves up and
> down a little, and introducing that oscillation
> plus a chain that's probably a little too loose
> (not as good centering or chainline as Sheldon's,
> etc) eventually throws chain.
>
> Plus, Biopace looks like shit. Track bikes should
> look either classic or like absurd Superbike futurism.
> Oval chainrings are for gadget-minded trigeeks
> and Bobby Julich.

Ben, I'll readily admit I haven't even looked at a Biopace ring in years. I know
they aren't as exaggerated in shape as, say, an Osymetric ring. I do, however, think
that many of the ideas used to measure chain useage on a Osymetric ring would apply
to a Biopace ring (albeit to a lesser degree). The Osymetric ring isn't a true
ellipse. It has two sections that appear to have a similar radius as a round ring of
equal tooth count, only moved out from the centerline of the crank. There are two
sections that still appear to be of a similar or larger radius, only moved in from
the crank centerline. Then there are the transitional sections. To make it simple,
I'll call the sections that are moved out r+ and the sections that are moved in r-.
When the crank is positioned so the big radii are north/south, you have the chain
wrapped around two r+ sections and one r-. Since the cog is smaller than the ring,
the chain is wrapped around somewhat more than 180 degrees of the ring. When the
crank is rotated 90 degrees, the chain is wrapped around two r- sections and one r+.
Additionally, the difference in diameters between the cog and the ring is smaller;
hence the chain wrap is moved a bit closer to 180 degrees.

What I'm saying is this: even though an Osymetric ring has a theoretical
"circumference" that's equal to that of a round ring with the same number of teeth
(that theoretical "circumference" is actually the total length of the 1/2 inch
segments between the chain pins), the amount of chain the ring takes up in its
situation as a bike driveline is going to vary depending on how the ring is oriented
around the crank centerline. While Shimano says the Biopace ring is supposed to have
a constant amount of chain engaged, what I described above should still apply, though
to a lesser degree.

There's another thing that I think will make chain tension vary when a non-round
ring is used. A theoretical triangle can be made by the ring, cog and chain stay.
Draw a line between the tangent points the chain makes on the cog and the ring when
the ring is set so the big section is up and down. That'll be the hypotenuse. A line
parallel to the stay starting at the cog end of the hypotenuse is the adjacent side.
A line perpendicular to that up to the tangent point on the ring is the side
opposite. When the ring is rotated so the small arcs are up and down, the chain wrap
on the ring decreases a little, making the adjacent side a little longer (this will
be pretty minimal). But the side opposite does decrease, which will change the length
of the hypotenuse. This is taking place on both top and bottom sides of the stay. But
since the top side is under tension, all of the change in length is actually shifted
to the bottom, untensioned run. If a round ring that's a little off center will cause
the chain tension to vary, this should certainly do so too, only to a greater degree.
I could work this all out with real numbers but I have to admit that I'm not
interested enough to put the effort into working it up on the CAD. Sorry!

As for what you said about a bike with Biopace rings not causing the derailleur to
move (I think you mean the tension pulley, rather than the jockey), well, I haven't
looked at a bike using one so I don't know how much the derailleur might move. But
there is one thing I've noticed: the chain is pretty straight on the top while under
tension but it still has a bit of arc in its run on the bottom in spite of the
tension of the RD.

I think Ryan's chain drop problem is related partly to the tension issues the
Biopace ring add, and chainline error. Also: a fixed gear bike with good chainline
and proper tension doesn't "need" a 1/8 chain. Properly set up, it *does not care*
how wide the chain is.

Lastly: You're absolutely right about the aesthetic aspect. Biopace rings just
don't belong on a track bike. Besides, Shimano claims it's supposed to help the rider
pull through the "dead spots" in the pedal cycle. The fixed gear does that pretty
damn well by itself.


== 2 of 10 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 5:54 am
From: Anton Berlin


On Feb 16, 4:02 pm, Frederick the Great <rub...@pacbell.net> wrote:
> In article
> <3e40717a-919e-498d-a935-c22db6b14...@q2g2000pre.googlegroups.com>,
>  Fredmaster of Brainerd <bjwei...@gmail.com> wrote:
>
>
>
> > On Feb 16, 1:18 am, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
> > wrote:
> > >  Scott <hendricks_sc...@hotmail.com> wrote:
> > > > On Feb 15, 5:07 am, "A. Dumas" <alexan...@dumas.fr.invalid> wrote:
> > > > > Scott wrote:
> > > > > > No, they're not. Even a regular ring that's slightly out of round
> > > > > > will have at least one 'tight' spot that requires you to set the chain
> > > > > > tension based on that spot Depending on just how badly out of round
> > > > > > the ring is, it could easily be too loose at the loosest point.
> > > > > > Biopace on a fixie = fail.
>
> > > > > Have you even ridden a fixed gear, like, ever?
>
> > > > Yep.  6 seasons of racing (worked my way up to cat 2, which is no big
> > > > deal except I didn't start track racing until I was 37), and countless
> > > > thousands of winter base miles on a fixed gear over the last 20
> > > > years.  Is there something in particular with what I wrote earlier
> > > > that you'd like to refute?
>
> > >    That was a reference to the 2000 era when a John Hansen asked Shaun Wallace if
> > > he'd ever ridden a fixed gear. See:
>
> > >http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/msg/bfcd823353ed41ce
>
> > >    By the way, you're absolutely right about chainrings and tension. It doesn't take
> > > much ring off-centeredness (nice word, huh?) to make a chain get tight and loose. So
> > > a Biopace ring is right out.
>
> > I think a Biopace chainring on a fixed gear is
> > a bad idea, but I also think we haven't come
> > up with a fully convincing explanation of why.
>
> > Biopace chainrings were designed so that
> > they have a constant amount of chain engaged,
> > just like a regular chainring.  It sort of looks
> > like the chain take up should vary wildly, but
> > it doesn't.  If it did, when you rode a Biopace
> > derailleur bike, the jockey pulley would be
> > constantly moving back and forth to take up
> > chain, and I've never seen that.  The tension
> > ought to be about constant.  In fact I think my
> > first singlespeed MTB hack had a Biopace ring
> > for a few days until I found a real ring.
>
> A chain is wrapped around two cogwheels.
>
> n_cog1    number of teeth on cogwheel 1.
> n_cog2    number of teeth on cogwheel 2.
> n_link    number of links on the chain.
> d         distance between the centers of the cogwheels.
>
> The pitch of the chain and cogwheels is 1/2 inch.
> r_1      the radius of cogweel 1 in inches.
> r_2      the radius of cogweel 2 in inches.
> length   the length of the chain in inches.
>
> 4 * PI r_1 = n_cog1.
> length = 2 n_link.
>
> t        length of the outer tangent between points of tangency on the cogwheels.
> t^2 + (r_1 - r_2)^2 = d^2.
>
> phi      angle the external tangent makes with the line of centers.
> sin phi = (r_1 - r_2) / d.
>
> So now
> length / 2  = t + phi * ( r_1 - r_2) +  PI / 2 * ( r_1 + r_2)
>             = (r_1 - r_2) arcsin((r_1 - r_2)/d)
>                 + d^2 - (r_1 - r_2)^2 +  PI / 2 * ( r_1 + r_2)
>
> Call the angle of rotation of the crank v. For an
> eccentric chainring the radius of the ring at the point
> of tangency varies with v, and the arclength of the
> chainring between the two points of tangency varies
> with v. The first effect changes the amount of wrap on
> the rear cogwheel. Sure, a competent engineer can
> design a chainring to balance these effects, but it
> will only be good for the rear cogwheel, r_2, used in
> the calculation. Again the variation may be small,
> but how small? Small enough for the track?
>
> --
> Old Fritz

And then Edison fills the lightbulb with water pours it into a beaker
and says "there's your measurement - exactly"


== 3 of 10 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 6:21 am
From: Scott


On Feb 18, 1:33 am, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
wrote:
>
>    Lastly: You're absolutely right about the aesthetic aspect. Biopace rings just
> don't belong on a track bike. Besides, Shimano claims it's supposed to help the rider
> pull through the "dead spots" in the pedal cycle. The fixed gear does that pretty
> damn well by itself.

The only way a fixed gear is pulling the pedals through the dead spots
is for the chain tension to shift from the section running over the
top of the cog/ring to the section running under the bottom of the cog/
ring, where essentially the rotation of the wheel is pulling the
chain, in turn turning the cranks.

Unless you've got essentially no slack in the chain at all, you'd feel
the chain changing tension on every half-revolution of the cranks if
this were happening. The chunk/chunk/chunk sensation/noise would
drive you crazy.

You can't turn the cranks by pushing the chain on the top side. Don't
believe it, take the chain off, or just disconnect a link, and lay a
section of chain across the tops of the ring/cog of a fixie and then
rotate the wheel. The chain will just fall off the cog, but it won't
push the cranks 'round.


== 4 of 10 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 8:59 am
From: thirty-six


On Feb 18, 2:21 pm, Scott <hendricks_sc...@hotmail.com> wrote:
> On Feb 18, 1:33 am, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
> wrote:
>
>
>
> >    Lastly: You're absolutely right about the aesthetic aspect. Biopace rings just
> > don't belong on a track bike. Besides, Shimano claims it's supposed to help the rider
> > pull through the "dead spots" in the pedal cycle. The fixed gear does that pretty
> > damn well by itself.
>
> The only way a fixed gear is pulling the pedals through the dead spots
> is for the chain tension to shift from the section running over the
> top of the cog/ring to the section running under the bottom of the cog/
> ring, where essentially the rotation of the wheel is pulling the
> chain, in turn turning the cranks.
>
> Unless you've got essentially no slack in the chain at all, you'd feel
> the chain changing tension on every half-revolution of the cranks if
> this were happening.  The chunk/chunk/chunk sensation/noise would
> drive you crazy.

Correct training setup.
>
> You can't turn the cranks by pushing the chain on the top side.  Don't
> believe it, take the chain off, or just disconnect a link, and lay a
> section of chain across the tops of the ring/cog of a fixie and then
> rotate the wheel.  The chain will just fall off the cog, but it won't
> push the cranks 'round.

Wrong grease.

== 5 of 10 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 10:37 am
From: Choppy Warburton


On Feb 18, 8:21 am, Scott <hendricks_sc...@hotmail.com> wrote:
> On Feb 18, 1:33 am, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
> wrote:
>
>
>
> >    Lastly: You're absolutely right about the aesthetic aspect. Biopace rings just
> > don't belong on a track bike. Besides, Shimano claims it's supposed to help the rider
> > pull through the "dead spots" in the pedal cycle. The fixed gear does that pretty
> > damn well by itself.
>
> The only way a fixed gear is pulling the pedals through the dead spots
> is for the chain tension to shift from the section running over the
> top of the cog/ring to the section running under the bottom of the cog/
> ring, where essentially the rotation of the wheel is pulling the
> chain, in turn turning the cranks.
>
> Unless you've got essentially no slack in the chain at all, you'd feel
> the chain changing tension on every half-revolution of the cranks if
> this were happening.  The chunk/chunk/chunk sensation/noise would
> drive you crazy.
>
> You can't turn the cranks by pushing the chain on the top side.  Don't
> believe it, take the chain off, or just disconnect a link, and lay a
> section of chain across the tops of the ring/cog of a fixie and then
> rotate the wheel.  The chain will just fall off the cog, but it won't
> push the cranks 'round.

Maybe that's why he used the word "pull" instead of "push".

Great insight otherwise.


== 6 of 10 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 2:51 pm
From: Frederick the Great


In article
<6462ff03-010f-4bd7-b5b3-f3f7732455d3@k16g2000vbq.googlegroups.com>,
Anton Berlin <truth_88888@yahoo.com> wrote:

> On Feb 16, 4:02 pm, Frederick the Great <rub...@pacbell.net> wrote:
> > In article
> > <3e40717a-919e-498d-a935-c22db6b14...@q2g2000pre.googlegroups.com>,
> >  Fredmaster of Brainerd <bjwei...@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> >
> >
> > > On Feb 16, 1:18 am, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
> > > wrote:
> > > >  Scott <hendricks_sc...@hotmail.com> wrote:
> > > > > On Feb 15, 5:07 am, "A. Dumas" <alexan...@dumas.fr.invalid> wrote:
> > > > > > Scott wrote:
> > > > > > > No, they're not. Even a regular ring that's slightly out of round
> > > > > > > will have at least one 'tight' spot that requires you to set the chain
> > > > > > > tension based on that spot Depending on just how badly out of round
> > > > > > > the ring is, it could easily be too loose at the loosest point.
> > > > > > > Biopace on a fixie = fail.
> >
> > > > > > Have you even ridden a fixed gear, like, ever?
> >
> > > > > Yep.  6 seasons of racing (worked my way up to cat 2, which is no big
> > > > > deal except I didn't start track racing until I was 37), and countless
> > > > > thousands of winter base miles on a fixed gear over the last 20
> > > > > years.  Is there something in particular with what I wrote earlier
> > > > > that you'd like to refute?
> >
> > > >    That was a reference to the 2000 era when a John Hansen asked Shaun Wallace if
> > > > he'd ever ridden a fixed gear. See:
> >
> > > >http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/msg/bfcd823353ed41ce
> >
> > > >    By the way, you're absolutely right about chainrings and tension. It doesn't take
> > > > much ring off-centeredness (nice word, huh?) to make a chain get tight and loose. So
> > > > a Biopace ring is right out.
> >
> > > I think a Biopace chainring on a fixed gear is
> > > a bad idea, but I also think we haven't come
> > > up with a fully convincing explanation of why.
> >
> > > Biopace chainrings were designed so that
> > > they have a constant amount of chain engaged,
> > > just like a regular chainring.  It sort of looks
> > > like the chain take up should vary wildly, but
> > > it doesn't.  If it did, when you rode a Biopace
> > > derailleur bike, the jockey pulley would be
> > > constantly moving back and forth to take up
> > > chain, and I've never seen that.  The tension
> > > ought to be about constant.  In fact I think my
> > > first singlespeed MTB hack had a Biopace ring
> > > for a few days until I found a real ring.
> >
> > A chain is wrapped around two cogwheels.
> >
> > n_cog1    number of teeth on cogwheel 1.
> > n_cog2    number of teeth on cogwheel 2.
> > n_link    number of links on the chain.
> > d         distance between the centers of the cogwheels.
> >
> > The pitch of the chain and cogwheels is 1/2 inch.
> > r_1      the radius of cogweel 1 in inches.
> > r_2      the radius of cogweel 2 in inches.
> > length   the length of the chain in inches.
> >
> > 4 * PI r_1 = n_cog1.
> > length = 2 n_link.
> >
> > t        length of the outer tangent between points of tangency on the cogwheels.
> > t^2 + (r_1 - r_2)^2 = d^2.
> >
> > phi      angle the external tangent makes with the line of centers.
> > sin phi = (r_1 - r_2) / d.
> >
> > So now
> > length / 2  = t + phi * ( r_1 - r_2) +  PI / 2 * ( r_1 + r_2)
> >             = (r_1 - r_2) arcsin((r_1 - r_2)/d)
> >                 + d^2 - (r_1 - r_2)^2 +  PI / 2 * ( r_1 + r_2)
> >
> > Call the angle of rotation of the crank v. For an
> > eccentric chainring the radius of the ring at the point
> > of tangency varies with v, and the arclength of the
> > chainring between the two points of tangency varies
> > with v. The first effect changes the amount of wrap on
> > the rear cogwheel. Sure, a competent engineer can
> > design a chainring to balance these effects, but it
> > will only be good for the rear cogwheel, r_2, used in
> > the calculation. Again the variation may be small,
> > but how small? Small enough for the track?
>
> And then Edison fills the lightbulb with water pours it into a beaker
> and says "there's your measurement - exactly"

The guys at Shimano did not design the chainring shape
by filling a lightbulb with water. Save your homilies
for the rubes, Will. Before venerating Edison, learn
about the less savory aspects of his character. Armstrong
is lily white in contrast.

--
Old Fritz


== 7 of 10 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 4:06 pm
From: Scott


On Feb 18, 11:37 am, Choppy Warburton <choppywarbur...@yahoo.com>
wrote:
> On Feb 18, 8:21 am, Scott <hendricks_sc...@hotmail.com> wrote:
>
>
>
> > On Feb 18, 1:33 am, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
> > wrote:
>
> > >    Lastly: You're absolutely right about the aesthetic aspect. Biopace rings just
> > > don't belong on a track bike. Besides, Shimano claims it's supposed to help the rider
> > > pull through the "dead spots" in the pedal cycle. The fixed gear does that pretty
> > > damn well by itself.
>
> > The only way a fixed gear is pulling the pedals through the dead spots
> > is for the chain tension to shift from the section running over the
> > top of the cog/ring to the section running under the bottom of the cog/
> > ring, where essentially the rotation of the wheel is pulling the
> > chain, in turn turning the cranks.
>
> > Unless you've got essentially no slack in the chain at all, you'd feel
> > the chain changing tension on every half-revolution of the cranks if
> > this were happening.  The chunk/chunk/chunk sensation/noise would
> > drive you crazy.
>
> > You can't turn the cranks by pushing the chain on the top side.  Don't
> > believe it, take the chain off, or just disconnect a link, and lay a
> > section of chain across the tops of the ring/cog of a fixie and then
> > rotate the wheel.  The chain will just fall off the cog, but it won't
> > push the cranks 'round.
>
> Maybe that's why he used the word "pull" instead of "push".
>
> Great insight otherwise.

Yeah, but a fixie still doesn't pull your cranks around, unless you
pedal like a drunken monkey.


== 8 of 10 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 4:17 pm
From: Anton Berlin


On Feb 18, 4:51 pm, Frederick the Great <rub...@pacbell.net> wrote:
> In article
> <6462ff03-010f-4bd7-b5b3-f3f773245...@k16g2000vbq.googlegroups.com>,
>  Anton Berlin <truth_88...@yahoo.com> wrote:
>
>
>
> > On Feb 16, 4:02 pm, Frederick the Great <rub...@pacbell.net> wrote:
> > > In article
> > > <3e40717a-919e-498d-a935-c22db6b14...@q2g2000pre.googlegroups.com>,
> > >  Fredmaster of Brainerd <bjwei...@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> > > > On Feb 16, 1:18 am, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
> > > > wrote:
> > > > >  Scott <hendricks_sc...@hotmail.com> wrote:
> > > > > > On Feb 15, 5:07 am, "A. Dumas" <alexan...@dumas.fr.invalid> wrote:
> > > > > > > Scott wrote:
> > > > > > > > No, they're not. Even a regular ring that's slightly out of round
> > > > > > > > will have at least one 'tight' spot that requires you to set the chain
> > > > > > > > tension based on that spot Depending on just how badly out of round
> > > > > > > > the ring is, it could easily be too loose at the loosest point.
> > > > > > > > Biopace on a fixie = fail.
>
> > > > > > > Have you even ridden a fixed gear, like, ever?
>
> > > > > > Yep.  6 seasons of racing (worked my way up to cat 2, which is no big
> > > > > > deal except I didn't start track racing until I was 37), and countless
> > > > > > thousands of winter base miles on a fixed gear over the last 20
> > > > > > years.  Is there something in particular with what I wrote earlier
> > > > > > that you'd like to refute?
>
> > > > >    That was a reference to the 2000 era when a John Hansen asked Shaun Wallace if
> > > > > he'd ever ridden a fixed gear. See:
>
> > > > >http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/msg/bfcd823353ed41ce
>
> > > > >    By the way, you're absolutely right about chainrings and tension. It doesn't take
> > > > > much ring off-centeredness (nice word, huh?) to make a chain get tight and loose. So
> > > > > a Biopace ring is right out.
>
> > > > I think a Biopace chainring on a fixed gear is
> > > > a bad idea, but I also think we haven't come
> > > > up with a fully convincing explanation of why.
>
> > > > Biopace chainrings were designed so that
> > > > they have a constant amount of chain engaged,
> > > > just like a regular chainring.  It sort of looks
> > > > like the chain take up should vary wildly, but
> > > > it doesn't.  If it did, when you rode a Biopace
> > > > derailleur bike, the jockey pulley would be
> > > > constantly moving back and forth to take up
> > > > chain, and I've never seen that.  The tension
> > > > ought to be about constant.  In fact I think my
> > > > first singlespeed MTB hack had a Biopace ring
> > > > for a few days until I found a real ring.
>
> > > A chain is wrapped around two cogwheels.
>
> > > n_cog1    number of teeth on cogwheel 1.
> > > n_cog2    number of teeth on cogwheel 2.
> > > n_link    number of links on the chain.
> > > d         distance between the centers of the cogwheels.
>
> > > The pitch of the chain and cogwheels is 1/2 inch.
> > > r_1      the radius of cogweel 1 in inches.
> > > r_2      the radius of cogweel 2 in inches.
> > > length   the length of the chain in inches.
>
> > > 4 * PI r_1 = n_cog1.
> > > length = 2 n_link.
>
> > > t        length of the outer tangent between points of tangency on the cogwheels.
> > > t^2 + (r_1 - r_2)^2 = d^2.
>
> > > phi      angle the external tangent makes with the line of centers.
> > > sin phi = (r_1 - r_2) / d.
>
> > > So now
> > > length / 2  = t + phi * ( r_1 - r_2) +  PI / 2 * ( r_1 + r_2)
> > >             = (r_1 - r_2) arcsin((r_1 - r_2)/d)
> > >                 + d^2 - (r_1 - r_2)^2 +  PI / 2 * ( r_1 + r_2)
>
> > > Call the angle of rotation of the crank v. For an
> > > eccentric chainring the radius of the ring at the point
> > > of tangency varies with v, and the arclength of the
> > > chainring between the two points of tangency varies
> > > with v. The first effect changes the amount of wrap on
> > > the rear cogwheel. Sure, a competent engineer can
> > > design a chainring to balance these effects, but it
> > > will only be good for the rear cogwheel, r_2, used in
> > > the calculation. Again the variation may be small,
> > > but how small? Small enough for the track?
>
> > And then Edison fills the lightbulb with water pours it into a beaker
> > and says "there's your measurement - exactly"
>
> The guys at Shimano did not design the chainring shape
> by filling a lightbulb with water. Save your homilies
> for the rubes, Will. Before venerating Edison, learn
> about the less savory aspects of his character. Armstrong
> is lily white in contrast.
>
> --
> Old Fritz

Agreed - Edison was a cunt


== 9 of 10 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 8:36 pm
From: "H. Fred Kveck"


In article <0d09baa0-bd4c-47df-9c2b-6ee5318862e0@d23g2000prj.googlegroups.com>,
Scott <hendricks_scott@hotmail.com> wrote:

> On Feb 18, 1:33�am, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
> wrote:
> >
> > � �Lastly: You're absolutely right about the aesthetic aspect. Biopace
> > rings just
> > don't belong on a track bike. Besides, Shimano claims it's supposed to help
> > the rider
> > pull through the "dead spots" in the pedal cycle. The fixed gear does that
> > pretty
> > damn well by itself.
>
> The only way a fixed gear is pulling the pedals through the dead spots
> is for the chain tension to shift from the section running over the
> top of the cog/ring to the section running under the bottom of the cog/
> ring, where essentially the rotation of the wheel is pulling the
> chain, in turn turning the cranks.

You may well be right, Scott. I dunno, it always feels like the dead spots are
really minimal (meaning: less noticeable than on a freewheeling bike) when I ride my
fixed gear bike. Of course, it could be that my feet are being dragged around by the
wheel (heh).

> Unless you've got essentially no slack in the chain at all, you'd feel
> the chain changing tension on every half-revolution of the cranks if
> this were happening. The chunk/chunk/chunk sensation/noise would
> drive you crazy.

Well, I think the dead spots aren't really all that dead. There may be less (or
even a lot less) power being made in those sections of the pedal stroke but your feet
are still moving in a circle and don't let off so much that the chain would have time
to go into tension on the bottom run.

> You can't turn the cranks by pushing the chain on the top side. Don't
> believe it, take the chain off, or just disconnect a link, and lay a
> section of chain across the tops of the ring/cog of a fixie and then
> rotate the wheel. The chain will just fall off the cog, but it won't
> push the cranks 'round.

The reason I don't think that analogy works is because when the wheel makes the
crank turn, it does so by pulling on the bottom run, rather than pushing on the top.


== 10 of 10 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 8:50 pm
From: Fredmaster of Brainerd


On Feb 18, 5:06 pm, Scott <hendricks_sc...@hotmail.com> wrote:
> On Feb 18, 11:37 am, Choppy Warburton <choppywarbur...@yahoo.com>
> wrote:
>
>
>
> > On Feb 18, 8:21 am, Scott <hendricks_sc...@hotmail.com> wrote:
>
> > > On Feb 18, 1:33 am, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
> > > wrote:
>
> > > >    Lastly: You're absolutely right about the aesthetic aspect. Biopace rings just
> > > > don't belong on a track bike. Besides, Shimano claims it's supposed to help the rider
> > > > pull through the "dead spots" in the pedal cycle. The fixed gear does that pretty
> > > > damn well by itself.
>
> > > The only way a fixed gear is pulling the pedals through the dead spots
> > > is for the chain tension to shift from the section running over the
> > > top of the cog/ring to the section running under the bottom of the cog/
> > > ring, where essentially the rotation of the wheel is pulling the
> > > chain, in turn turning the cranks.
>
> > > Unless you've got essentially no slack in the chain at all, you'd feel
> > > the chain changing tension on every half-revolution of the cranks if
> > > this were happening.  The chunk/chunk/chunk sensation/noise would
> > > drive you crazy.
>
> > > You can't turn the cranks by pushing the chain on the top side.  Don't
> > > believe it, take the chain off, or just disconnect a link, and lay a
> > > section of chain across the tops of the ring/cog of a fixie and then
> > > rotate the wheel.  The chain will just fall off the cog, but it won't
> > > push the cranks 'round.
>
> > Maybe that's why he used the word "pull" instead of "push".
>
> > Great insight otherwise.
>
> Yeah, but a fixie still doesn't pull your cranks around, unless you
> pedal like a drunken monkey.

I don't believe in magic pulling you through dead spots
either on a fixie or Biopace. I did find that when climbing
standing on a fixed gear, there was a sensation of the
bike's momentum carrying your feet through the dead
spot - I don't think it eliminates the dead spot, just reduces
its strength. Of course, that's when climbing standing,
where my pedal stroke is uneven. Much less noticeable
on flat ground and spinning faster.

I once had a bike with round rings and a Biopace granny
(because I hadn't taken the crank off yet to change it).
After shifting from the round ring to the Biopace, the
pedal stroke felt completely weird, like something was
wrong with the bike, but the odd feeling disappeared after
a bit of pedaling (<30 seconds). Then when shifting back,
it felt weird again, until I adjusted back to the round ring.

The difference is a lot easier to tell with two diff. rings on the
same bike, because otherwise you adjust quickly. Which
kind of shows why there is no real difference and Biopace
has gone to bike-gimmick heaven.

Fredmaster Ben

==============================================================================
TOPIC: Dopador Back to Racing
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/946e0a4b4d21474a?hl=en
==============================================================================

== 1 of 3 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 12:45 am
From: RicodJour


On Feb 18, 3:18 am, Simply Fred <n...@mailinator.com> wrote:
> Jeff Jones wrote:
> >> The "balance of probabilities" argument used by the RFEC to clear
> >> Contador is a good 'un too. On the one side, how many doping cases
> >> have there been in Spanish cycling in 2010? On the other, how many
> >> doping cases have there been in Spanish beef in 2010?
>
> Fred on a stick wrote:
>
> > This is a real question: how many clenbuterol urine tests on Spanish beef
> > are done each year?
>
> And what are the sanctions for a fail ?

Death, of course. For the cow, I mean. Come to think about it, it's
death either way, so a cow would have to be pretty stupid to _not_
dope.

R


== 2 of 3 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 1:04 am
From: Fredmaster of Brainerd


On Feb 18, 1:45 am, RicodJour <ricodj...@worldemail.com> wrote:
> On Feb 18, 3:18 am, Simply Fred <n...@mailinator.com> wrote:
>
> > Fred on a stick wrote:
>
> > > This is a real question: how many clenbuterol urine tests on Spanish beef
> > > are done each year?
>
> > And what are the sanctions for a fail ?
>
> Death, of course.  For the cow, I mean.  Come to think about it, it's
> death either way, so a cow would have to be pretty stupid to _not_
> dope.

Dumbasses,

Unless something's changed recently
(genetic modification?), cows are, in fact,
pretty stupid.

Fredmaster Ben


== 3 of 3 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 3:22 am
From: Simply Fred


Fred on a stick wrote:
>>>> This is a real question: how many clenbuterol urine tests on Spanish beef
>>>> are done each year?

Simply Fred wrote:
>>> And what are the sanctions for a fail ?

RicodJour wrote:
>> Death, of course. For the cow, I mean. Come to think about it, it's
>> death either way, so a cow would have to be pretty stupid to _not_
>> dope.

Fredmaster of Brainerd wrote:
> Unless something's changed recently
> (genetic modification?), cows are, in fact,
> pretty stupid.

Which means they would do dumb and careless things like swapping blood
bags or forgetting to check their stored blood from training sessions
for testosterone or clenbuterol or forget to refrigerate it properly.

==============================================================================
TOPIC: Stage 2 - Watson, Jennings, Rutter
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/3dc69f70bc683845?hl=en
==============================================================================

== 1 of 7 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 7:14 am
From: "Fred on a stick"


Fredmaster of Brainerd wrote:
> Ken Jennings is actually pretty funny, here's a
> bit more:
>
> http://live.washingtonpost.com/jeopardy-ken-jennings.html
>
> I think this is _proof_ he's a bot.

Perhaps a quarter to a third of the people who qualify for Jeopardy end up
on the show (only a few percent of those who take the test qualify) so the
producers choose the ones who seem funnier or more animated. That means
there are plenty of folks out there who qualify but are even more wooden
than the ones you see.


== 2 of 7 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 2:23 pm
From: Frederick the Great


In article
<c495379d-fda3-4fc5-b0aa-705375ed3305@a28g2000prb.googlegroups.com>,
Fredmaster of Brainerd <bjweiner@gmail.com> wrote:

> On Feb 17, 12:15 pm, RicodJour <ricodj...@worldemail.com> wrote:
> > On Feb 17, 12:45 pm, DirtRoadie <DirtRoa...@aol.com> wrote:
> > > On Feb 16, 4:55 pm, "Fred on a stick"
> >
> > > <anonymous.cow...@address.invalid> wrote:
> > > > DirtRoadie wrote:
> > > > > Overall  - Watson, Jennings,  Rutter
> >
> > > > Dumbass,
> >
> > > > In real Jeopardy, no one cares who gets the dinette set from Broyhill vs.
> > > > the lifetime supply of Lee Press-on nails.
> >
> > > There's more at stake:http://www.slate.com/id/2284721/pagenum/all/
> >
> > > "So my defeat at the hands of a machine has a happy ending, after all.
> > > At least until the whole system becomes sentient and figures out the
> > > nuclear launch codes. But I figure that's years away."
> >
> > He sounds too normal - maybe he's a bot.
>
> Ken Jennings is actually pretty funny, here's a
> bit more:
>
> http://live.washingtonpost.com/jeopardy-ken-jennings.html

A plethora of zingers. How to choose?

Q: How do you think Watson might do in categories
involving humor, puns, or other types of wordplay that
require more thought (or at least, a different kind of
thinking) than simple word association?

A: Watson is at a disadvantage when it comes to humor,
wordplay, irony, and so forth. But then again, so are
many humans that I meet, particularly the ones working
rental car counters.

> I think this is _proof_ he's a bot.

Notice he said "many humans that I meet",
as if one can meet any but humans. Suspicious.

> That's one small step for a machine, one
> giant fail for mankind.

Ben... Ben, put down screwdriver.

--
Old Fritz


== 3 of 7 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 6:29 pm
From: "Kurgan Gringioni"

"Fred on a stick" <anonymous.coward@address.invalid> wrote in message
news:ijm2c0$t0f$1@news.eternal-september.org...
: Fredmaster of Brainerd wrote:
: > Ken Jennings is actually pretty funny, here's a
: > bit more:
: >
: > http://live.washingtonpost.com/jeopardy-ken-jennings.html
: >
: > I think this is _proof_ he's a bot.
:
: Perhaps a quarter to a third of the people who qualify for Jeopardy end up
: on the show (only a few percent of those who take the test qualify) so the
: producers choose the ones who seem funnier or more animated.

That blows me away. The people they have on the show already seem
exceptionally nerdy. Those are the most animated?!


== 4 of 7 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 7:16 pm
From: "Fred on a stick"


Kurgan Gringioni wrote:
> "Fred on a stick" <anonymous.coward@address.invalid> wrote in message

>> Perhaps a quarter to a third of the people who qualify for Jeopardy
>> end up on the show (only a few percent of those who take the test
>> qualify) so the producers choose the ones who seem funnier or more
>> animated.
>
> That blows me away. The people they have on the show already seem
> exceptionally nerdy. Those are the most animated?!

When I was on one of the other contestants brought his mom.


== 5 of 7 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 8:09 pm
From: "H. Fred Kveck"


In article <ijncmn$a66$1@news.eternal-september.org>,
"Fred on a stick" <anonymous.coward@address.invalid> wrote:

> Kurgan Gringioni wrote:
> > "Fred on a stick" <anonymous.coward@address.invalid> wrote in message
>
> >> Perhaps a quarter to a third of the people who qualify for Jeopardy
> >> end up on the show (only a few percent of those who take the test
> >> qualify) so the producers choose the ones who seem funnier or more
> >> animated.
> >
> > That blows me away. The people they have on the show already seem
> > exceptionally nerdy. Those are the most animated?!
>
> When I was on one of the other contestants brought his mom.

Sure it wasn't the other way around?


== 6 of 7 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 8:33 pm
From: Plano Dude


On Feb 18, 10:09 pm, "H. Fred Kveck" <YOURhow...@h-SHOESbomb.com>
wrote:
> In article <ijncmn$a6...@news.eternal-september.org>,
>  "Fred on a stick" <anonymous.cow...@address.invalid> wrote:
>
> > Kurgan Gringioni wrote:
> > > "Fred on a stick" <anonymous.cow...@address.invalid> wrote in message
>
> > >> Perhaps a quarter to a third of the people who qualify for Jeopardy
> > >> end up on the show (only a few percent of those who take the test
> > >> qualify) so the producers choose the ones who seem funnier or more
> > >> animated.
>
> > > That blows me away. The people they have on the show already seem
> > > exceptionally nerdy. Those are the most animated?!
>
> > When I was on one of the other contestants brought his mom.
>
>    Sure it wasn't the other way around?

Mom on a stick?


== 7 of 7 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 8:38 pm
From: Fredmaster of Brainerd


On Feb 18, 3:23 pm, Frederick the Great <rub...@pacbell.net> wrote:
>  Fredmaster of Brainerd <bjwei...@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> A: Watson is at a disadvantage when it comes to humor,
> wordplay, irony, and so forth. But then again, so are
> many humans that I meet, particularly the ones working
> rental car counters.
>
> > I think this is _proof_ he's a bot.
>
> Notice he said "many humans that I meet",
> as if one can meet any but humans. Suspicious.

Well caught, Mr. Press. We will be marking
you carefully in future.

> > That's one small step for a machine, one
> > giant fail for mankind.
>
> Ben... Ben, put down screwdriver.

It's OK. I've taken the side of the machines.
I welcome your new Skynet overlords.

Lately, when I get annoyed with stupid drivers,
one of the ways that I avoid using naughty words
is to say things like "Watch it, meat!"

Fredmaster Ben

==============================================================================
TOPIC: SEE THIS &ENJOY
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/1dee552de74c786c?hl=en
==============================================================================

== 1 of 1 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 9:05 am
From: guru


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==============================================================================
TOPIC: Free Lap Dance
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/5d7b7182883dc413?hl=en
==============================================================================

== 1 of 2 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 9:22 am
From: Jute Andre


Lance "The Transfuser" Armstrong's cycling legacy is doubtful because
he's a fucking cheater with a big fucking extended travel Lear Jet
that he got because you lame fuckers sent him your money to save your
family member from cancer when you could have sent it directly to the
American Cancer Society or to any cancer fighting organization of your
dreams.


== 2 of 2 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 9:29 am
From: Choppy Warburton


We all agree Jammie

==============================================================================
TOPIC: BUY CHEAP CALAN ONLINE !
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/f5c339e8d49814aa?hl=en
==============================================================================

== 1 of 1 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 1:18 pm
From: Rodger Farrell


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==============================================================================
TOPIC: See? We can do without !
http://groups.google.com/group/rec.bicycles.racing/t/55283b34fbe46b6f?hl=en
==============================================================================

== 1 of 1 ==
Date: Fri, Feb 18 2011 2:36 pm
From: Frederick the Great


In article
<7d1107ff-58f4-4461-9535-127af2dcaae0@u14g2000vbg.googlegroups.com>,
Anton Berlin <truth_88888@yahoo.com> wrote:

> But those girls shouldn't drink so much that they pass out and someone
> writes on their faces
>
> http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/eu_belgium_record_party

Cool, but he should have left the Smurfs off the list.

--
Old Fritz


==============================================================================

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Looking for a upper body workout that uses only dumbbells for beginners?

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Question by dijon: Looking for a upper body workout that uses only dumbbells for beginners? I am a guy who recently started to workout on an elliptical machine. My legs are getting stronger, but my upper body is lacking. I am looking for a beginner's workout that uses only dumbbells for men. Something that will give me a balanced workout. The workout can come from the web or a book. Best answer:

Answer by Andrew B
well you can do alot of bicep curls and hammer curls. do alot of curls that help alot with biceps. as of triceps do dumbbell flys and dumbbell press. do those about 4 days a week for 2 hours a day 20 reps each.

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Medarticles I need Following Article

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Hello to All have a good day!

can anyone help me to get these papers

1. Hydroxynitrile lyases from almond and sorghum as biocatalysts

  1. E. Smitskamp-Wilms1,
  2. J. Brussee1,
  3. A. van der Gen1,
  4. G. J. M. van Scharrenburg2,
  5. J. B. Sloothaak2

Article first published online: 2 SEP 2010

DOI: 10.1002/recl.19911100514



2. Synthesis of some new pyrazole-containing chelating agents

  1. Willem L. Driessen

Article first published online: 2 SEP 2010

DOI: 10.1002/recl.19821011204

Regards!
shahid

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Medarticles need an articles..........

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http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VPM-513F8T5-1&_user=10&_coverDate=01/31/2011&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=0e4c007a40e76480c23a9145f614aff5&searchtype=a


http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VPM-5161P8S-1&_user=10&_coverDate=01/31/2011&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=33bd4adf81b601dc10bfb7e1c032f8ac&searchtype=a

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T36-51H7075-2&_user=10&_coverDate=01/03/2011&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=3461bcace928ae73a49828ab54ab27d1&searchtype=a

Hyaluronidase treatment of graft pancreatitis in rats: marked effects
on the blood perfusion of the transplanted pancreas.
Jansson L, Tufveson G, Bodin B, Emanuelsson C.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WBK-5259C23-2&_user=10&_coverDate=02/12/2011&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=1fbd833264601471b9685e5a46fff76e&searchtype=a

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WFC-524N9J9-1&_user=10&_coverDate=02/09/2011&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=60a5bc922708ecfa369c86eb099cda7c&searchtype=a

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B7XNJ-524P7HB-1&_user=10&_coverDate=02/09/2011&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=f1e3c83651f66b9274f98ad0d1bc487e&searchtype=a

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VPM-51YYNXK-1&_user=10&_coverDate=01/18/2011&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=3f229f3f8aff816b14d8a14da20f06ed&searchtype=a

http://aes.sagepub.com/content/31/1/89.full.pdf+html


Thanks in Advance

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Your mail ID was given 650,000.00 GBP by the Premier Oil Promo, Send Your

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Names:
Address:
Age:

J4P Seeking M&E Specialist

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Go to J4P Website

 

Dear Friends and Colleagues,

In an effort to contribute to the global dialogue around the impact of development projects and to strengthen the effectiveness of the program itself through rigorous assessment of its activities, Justice for the Poor intends to scale up its work on monitoring and evaluation and development effectiveness.
 
For such purpose, J4P is seeking a monitoring and evaluation/development effectiveness specialist to lead monitoring and evaluation of the program as a whole, as well as to lead the East Asia and Pacific regional thematic work on development effectiveness.   The latter work is aimed at addressing the global deficit of knowledge about how to rigorously and effectively design, monitor and evaluate J4P-type justice programs. Specifically, the development effectiveness work will influence thinking about how impact of access to justice programs can be effectively measured with reference to their own goals and their developmental impacts, develop and test methodologies for doing this, and conduct a number of specific project impact evaluations.
 
The monitoring and evaluation/development effectiveness specialist will be based in Jakarta or Sydney.
 
Interested candidates can apply by clicking on the link below.
 
 
The position closes on March 8.
 
For more information on the Bank's Justice for the Poor program, please see www.worldbank.org/justiceforthepoor.
 
Please feel free to circulate this email to anyone who may be interested.

Regards,

Justice for the Poor
 

 

 

 

 


Justice for the Poor is a World Bank global research and development program aimed at informing, designing and supporting pro-poor approaches to justice reform. Justice for the Poor is an approach to justice reform which sees justice from the perspective of the poor and marginalized, is grounded in social and cultural contexts, recognizes the importance of demand in building equitable justice systems, and understands justice as a cross-sectoral issue.

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Question by m: Where can I find a lineup of all previous and current Bowflex home gyms? I'm looking to buy used, but it's difficult to find a good resource to compare different models Best answer:

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Re: Medarticles need help

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Serum levels of lipids and lipoproteins in Syrian patients with beta-thalassemia major.

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IN THE KITCHEN WITH: Dena Dodge Dena Dodge lives with her husband and children in Sparta, and owns a business in Andover called Professional Pilates and Personal Training. Dodge's pilates journey has been full of twists and turns. On a never ending search to find an exercise regimen that worked for her, she discovered Pilates over eight years ago when she was pregnant with her oldest daughter. Though Dodge's background and ... Read more on The Township Journal



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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10221021
and

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-010-0397-3

and
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15235691


Thx in advance

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:13482 HIV ATLAS Daily Digest - February 18th, 2011

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HIV ATLAS Newsletter February 18th, 2011

Daily index of classified information on HIV, TB & Malaria for you!
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FDA: Tentative approval of abacavir sulfate Oral Solution, 20 mg/mL (PEPFAR) (AEGiS.org)
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CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update 02/17/2011 (AEGiS.org)
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HIV Counseling and Testing Coordinator - Urban Health Plan, Inc - Bronx, NY
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Increasing and Supporting the Participation of Persons of Color Living with HIV/AIDS in AIDS Clinical Trials.
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Autocatalytic maturation, physical/chemical properties and crystal structure of group N HIV-1 ...........
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The use of cell-delivered gene therapy for the treatment of HIV/AIDS.
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Friday, February 18, 2011
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Lady Gaga Campaigns Against HIV/AIDS on Good Morning America - Waleg.com
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Statin May Affect Markers Associated With Progression Of HIV
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Nigeria: HIV/Aids - Stigmatisation Remains a Big Challenge - AllAfrica.com
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PAHO/DFID team updating data on Montserrat's HIV Situational Analysis - SKNVibes.com
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Efficacy Of Tuberculosis Vaccine Enhanced By VIB Scientists
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Fighting tuberculosis in the North - Vancouver Sun
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Public Health – Environment Factors Caused Nunavut Tuberculosis Outbreak - Star Global Tribune
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Friday, February 18, 2011
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