Tuesday, January 10, 2012

Re: Medarticles I need a article

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thank you dear brother!

On 11 January 2012 11:17, anandkumarreddy <anandkumarreddy@gmail.com> wrote:
enclosed

anand
http://www.indiasarkarinaukri.com/



On Wed, Jan 11, 2012 at 7:44 AM, muhammad shahid Nazir <biochemistsn@gmail.com> wrote:
Dear I need this article!

https://springerlink3.metapress.com/content/x214646w768nt068/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.pdf&sid=0t0ybqsnkr4bq0ij0ri1150b&sh=www.springerlink.com 

Characteristics of cellulose nanofibers isolated from rubberwood and empty fruit bunches of oil palm using chemo-mechanical process

Mehdi JonoobiAbolghasem KhazaeianParidah Md. TahirSyeed Saiful Azry and Kristiina Oksman

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Regards!

Shahid

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Regards!

Shahid

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Re: Medarticles Request Software

Buzz It
Thanks once again for the valuable suggestion. But here the need is
for some kind of software which just converts (Scanned doc. Please
note the after taking notes on the paper (Hand written document), the
same is scanned into soft copy. From this doc., PDF the text matter,
picture needs to be extracted into typed matter (Joust like typed
words). Please help.

On Jan 9, 2:26 pm, Parfumeur Privé (NYC) <parfumeu...@gmail.com>
wrote:
> I have a strong accent, and if you train the software, in will work.  It
> works great in Excel, including moving the cursor (navigation) and doing
> verbal macros.  The key is to pronounce the same words the same way each
> time.
>
> If you say "Chemistry", and you want to type 'Physics', it will type
> 'Physics' each time you say "Chemistry".  Training...  <g>.
>
> I use Dragon Naturally Speaking v11.50.100.039   It does take some time and
> effort to train and get use to the program.  You will need you own
> microphone/headphone, as the supplied unit is AWFUL!  The Logitech WebCam
> 9000 works in a pinch.  Watch ambient noise!
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
> On Mon, Jan 9, 2012 at 3:40 AM, Manju <sudheer...@gmail.com> wrote:
> > Problem is I have to type in Excel sheet (Data entry) from the hand
> > written document. Can't read properly
> > the written text. Voice rec. might read out the written text. but won't
> > help in typing. copy paste, etc. So need to convert the hand written text
> > to typed text after scanning the doc.

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News: Lenmar Auto 2 Port 12V DC Auto Socket Duplicator Plus 2 USB Port (SSPU2)

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  • Simultaneously charges and powers up to 4 electronic devices using 2 integrated USB ports and 2 built-in DC car adapter sockets
  • Compact, lightweight design – car adapter plug rotates 180 degrees and locks to fit in virtually any auto console or dashboard area
  • LED power indicator confirms on/off power status
  • Replaceable 10 amp car fuse protects your connected electronic devices from electrical damage
  • 1 Year Warranty

Simultaneously charges and powers up to 4 electronic devices using 2 integrated USB ports and 2 built-in DC car adapter sockets. Lenmar’s power accessories include portable chargers, power adapters & cable / tip sets. So whether it’s powering your laptop & mobile phone or recharging camcorder & digital camera batteries, our accessories will keep you connected & powered on the go.

Lenmar Auto 2 Port 12V DC Auto Socket Duplicator Plus 2 USB Port (SSPU2)

[socialactionfoundationforequity:14744 Draft law tackles work-related diseases

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Draft law tackles work-related diseases
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90882/7701825.html

By Zheng Yi (Global Times)
09:07, January 11, 2012

A draft version of an occupational disease prevention law that is
currently undergoing amendment will include more diseases, such as
cervical spondylosis, mouse hand or eye problems, said Huang Hanlin, a
member of the drafting team, who is also with the Guangdong Prevention
and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases.

According to Huang, the revision of the law not only expands the types
of disease but also broadens the definition of employers.

"Except for diseases that are caused by coming into contact with
harmful materials, dust and radioactive substances, diseases that are
caused by non-material factors such as overwork will also be included
as occupational diseases," said Huang, the Guangzhou-based Southern
Metropolis Daily reported.

The definition of occupational disease in China is fairly narrow
compared with the one published by the International Labor
Organization, and the expansion of the category in China will help it
meet international conventions, Huang said.

"There were 300 to 400 people suffering from occupational diseases in
Guangdong last year, and that number will be multiplied several times
this year after the category is expanded," he added.

At the same time, doctors who contract infectious diseases such as
AIDS and hepatitis B through contact with patients with will also be
considered to be suffering from occupational diseases, according to
Southern Metropolis.

"The expansion of the category for occupational diseases is
significant to us office workers, and will save us a lot of money in
treating diseases," Zheng Qing, 54, an architectural designer from
Shanghai, told the Global Times Tuesday, adding that she had recently
been diagnosed with a cervical vertebra disease, which, according to
her, came about because she had to work for more than 10 hours every
day.

The new version of the occupational disease prevention law also
regulates that patients who do not have employers or whose employers
cannot be identified should be treated by local governments, the
newspaper said.

"This move will change the situation of patients suffering from
pneumoconiosis not knowing how to treat the disease," Wang Keqin, the
founder of a public welfare project "Love Saves Pneumoconiosis," told
the Global Times.

According to Wang, there are more than 6 million people in China
suffering from pneumoconiosis, which is caused by the inhalation of
dust, often in mines, and only 700,000 of them are identified as
having occupational diseases.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:14740 US is recasting its Asia policy

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US is recasting its Asia policy
http://mail.dailypioneer.com/columnists/item/50842-us-is-recasting-its-asia-policy.html

Author: B Raman

America is relying on its Western allies and partners like India to
counter China

As US President Barack Obama nears the end of his first term and gets
ready to seek a second, he has sought to give a new focus to America's
foreign policy towards Asia. This new focus is marked by two
characteristics. One, an open and uninhibited expression of US
concerns over China's ever-increasing economic and military
capabilities and Beijing's far from transparent intentions. Two, an
equally open expression of his determination to maintain and
strengthen US capabilities in the Asia-Pacific region in order to
safeguard the strategic interests of not only America but also other
like-minded countries which share the concerns over China's
capabilities and intentions. Prominent among such like-minded nations
are Japan, South Korea, Australia, the Philippines, Vietnam and India.

While the first three years of Mr Obama's first term were marked by
preoccupation with the threats emanating to the security of the US
Homeland from the Af-Pak region and from the global terrorists
operating from there, the coming years of the Obama Administration
will be marked by a new preoccupation, with likely threats to the US
economic, commercial and other strategic interests from the increasing
capabilities and intentions of China and to the critical
infrastructure — civilian as well as military — in the US Homeland
from the well-concealed Chinese cyber war capabilities.

The US does not anticipate a conventional war with China, but it does
fear a major threat from China to its naval primacy in the Pacific and
the Indian Ocean regions and to its commercial interests in the region
marked by the passage of nearly US $1.2 trillion of its foreign trade
every year through the South China Sea.

The nervousness of the US is increased by the fact that, while
considerable information is available on China's modernisation and
expansion of its conventional, nuclear and space-related capabilities,
very little information is available on the latter's cyber war
capabilities. Till recently, fears over likely threats to US nationals
and interests from Al Qaeda-led global terrorists to acquire weapons
of mass destruction remained an important driving force of the US
strategic doctrine. Since the beginning of 2011, there are indications
that fears over likely threats to the US critical infrastructure, in
times of peace and war, from China's cyber war capabilities have
become an important driving force of the US strategic doctrine
relating to the Asia-Pacific region.

Since May last year, there have been reliable reports in sections of
the US media about the examination of the outlines of a cyber war
doctrine to meet the new needs of the expanding threat scenario. A
significant element of the cyber war doctrine reportedly under
contemplation, is making explicit the US determination to use its
military forces in response to a cyber attack if the gravity of the
attack crosses a certain threshold. These reports of a cyber war
doctrine under evolution and the recent decisions of the Obama
Administration to maintain and strengthen its military capabilities in
the Asia-Pacific region are meant to convey a carefully-disguised
cautionary to China to behave itself not only in the high seas, but
also in the cyber space.

The US is determined to prevent China from acquiring an asymmetric
advantage in cyber space by threatening China with a military response
against targets in its territory to neutralise its cyber war
capabilities, should it become necessary.

The Pentagon's strategic defence guidance document titled, 'Sustaining
US Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defence', and
released at a press conference attended by Mr Obama on January 5,
says: "Over the long term, China's emergence as a regional power will
have the potential to affect the US economy and our security in a
variety of ways. Our two countries have a strong stake in peace and
stability in East Asia and an interest in building a cooperative
bilateral relationship. However, the growth of China's military power
must be accompanied by greater clarity of its strategic intentions in
order to avoid causing friction in the region.

"The United States will continue to make the necessary investments to
ensure that we maintain regional access and the ability to operate
freely in keeping with our treaty obligations and with international
law. Working closely with our network of allies and partners, we will
continue to promote a rules-based international order that ensures
underlying stability and encourages the peaceful rise of new powers,
economic dynamism, and constructive defence cooperation."

The US is still keen on strengthening a cooperative convergence with
China to restore the health of the global economy, to deal with
problems relating to climate and environment and to de-nuclearise Iran
and North Korea. Nuclear non-proliferation will continue to be an
important US foreign policy objective. For this, it needs the
cooperation of China. At the same time, there are growing concerns in
Washington, DC that America's benign strategic intentions and
objectives might not be matched by equally benign Chinese intentions
and objectives. It would, therefore, be necessary to reinforce the US
presence and capabilities in the Asia-Pacific region.

This objective is sought to be achieved by a unilateral revamp of its
presence and capabilities and through cooperation with other like-
minded and equally concerned countries without giving an impression of
an attempt to promote a new alliance to contain China. What the new
Pentagon document talks of is not a new alliance but a network of US
allies and partners. Though not explicitly stated, the US obviously
views Japan, South Korea and Australia as allies in this network and
India, Vietnam, the Philippines and possibly other ASEAN countries as
partners. These unilateral and multilateral efforts will be projected
in the months to come not as an attempt to contain China, but as an
exercise to bring China into the mainstream of Asian peace and
security.

The US is interested in India playing an activist role in this new
exercise for a network of allies and partners, but does India
reciprocate this interest? The answer to this is not clear. India has
already been playing an activist role with relation to its strategic
cooperation with Burma, Vietnam, Japan and South Korea. It has also
been increasing its strategic cooperation with Singapore and
Australia. Its relations with the US have improved in the fields of
counter-terrorism and maritime security. But India is still inclined
to view these relationships as without any linkages or networking
which could trigger off alarm in Beijing.

India and the other Asian countries with which India has established a
one-on-one strategic partnership, share the openly expressed US
concerns over China's capabilities, intentions and objectives, but
they are not prepared to say so openly. They would want to promote a
policy of mutual consultations and assistance in security matters, but
not in a manner that could alarm China.

India has its own unique concerns relating to China arising from the
failure of the India-China border talks to make any progress and the
growing strategic co-operation between China and Pakistan. It has to
evolve its own strategy for dealing with China in a manner that would
not make these two issues more complex and complicated than they are
now. What would be in India's interest is not a networked
relationship, but a mutually-assisted and reinforced relationship on a
one-on-one basis with a gradually expanding basket of issues that
could promote a strategic convergence.

(The writer is Additional Secretary (retd), Cabinet Secretariat, Govt.
of India, New Delhi, and, presently, Director, Institute For Topical
Studies, Chennai, and Associate of the Chennai Centre For China
Studies.)

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:14740 Women's forum works for reproductive justice

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Women's forum works for reproductive justice
http://news.medill.northwestern.edu/chicago/news.aspx?id=198225

BY ZARA HUSAINI
JAN 10, 2012


Ending sexual trafficking and exploitation of women is the goal of the
National Asian Pacific American Women's Forum to achieve reproductive
justice.

The group considers Asian and Asian Pacific Islander women among the
most at risk for sexual trafficking. Though statistics are difficult
to gather, "Asian and Pacific Islander women compose the largest group
of trafficked persons in the United States," according to NAPAWF.
org.

Members of the women's forum plan to raise awareness on issues related
to the sexual trafficking and exploitation of women for sexual and
reproductive purposes and held a meeting over the weekend to do just
that.

Joy Messinger, reproductive justice project coordinator for the forum
led the discussion at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Messinger
calls reproductive justice "a focus on the control and exploitation
of women's bodies, sexuality, and reproduction as an effective
strategy of controlling women in communities. Reproductive justice
fights for the right of self-determination over one's body, life,
options and potential."

The group plans to draw more attention to this issue.

"This early in the project, it's hard to say what might result, but
one of my hopes is that it keeps the conversation about reproductive
justice and the rights and health of women relevant and alive, serving
as a catalyst to talking about the connections between reproductive
rights topics (like abortion and choice), social justice, and identity
politics," said Messinger.

Karin Lee, the forum's Chicago chapter chair, said that reproductive
justice is both a social and health issue that faces millions of women
today. "You can't really separate the two," Lee, a Northwestern
University law student said. "The issue cuts across all other issues.
All issues have reproductive justice implications." The group is
concerned with particular issues within the reproductive justice
heading, including health care reform, HPV vaccine mandate and sex
selection.

According to Lee, who has worked with the forum's Washington, D.C.,
chapter as well, reproductive justice emerged as one of the topics
that NAPWAF members find especially urgent. Lee said that the group
often surveys its members via a listserv and discussion groups to
gauge their commitments and concerns. The group has also held
discussions on health issues in the past, such as sex selection of
unborn children, abortion bans and legislative proposals.

Issues concerning reproductive justice are priorities for the women's
forum nationally as well as in the Chicago chapter. Lee said that the
Chicago chapter aims to lead other chapters to focus more on health
issues by taking a leadership role. She said that many of the women
the forum reaches out to - people in positions of power, involved in
private and public sectors and nonprofit organizations - were not
focusing on reproductive justice. Lee said that she found this was not
for a lack of caring, but due to a lack of awareness and attention
given to this topic.

Reproductive justice is a broad term that encompasses many issues, and
the discussion at the meeting aimed to address all of the concerns of
its members. All of the attendees spoke together before breaking off
into smaller groups to identify some of the main reproductive,
societal and health concerns that need to be addressed.

Nebula Li, a legal fellow at the AIDS Legal Council of Chicago, said
that she sees great value in an event of this nature. She said that
she hopes to include the Asian Pacific Islander voice in the
reproductive justice issues, including both sexual trafficking and
separation of mother and child. Li said that she considers these to be
the most pressing health issues facing her community.

According to Lee, the forum welcomes new voices. Lee urges prospective
members to complete the following survey and join the ongoing
reproductive justice discussion: https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/napawfchicagoreprojustice.

For more information about the forum and meetings, click http://napawf.org/.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:14740 Drug-resistant tuberculosis strain found in India

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Drug-resistant tuberculosis strain found in India
http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/244123/scitech/science/drug-resistant-tuberculosis-strain-found-in-india?ref=subsection_item

January 10, 2012 4:04pm

Tuberculosis, one of the world's leading causes of death, may have
just become a bigger threat, after a drug-resistant variant of the
disease was reported recently in India.

At least 12 patients were reported infected with TB that has become
resistant to all the drugs used against the disease, tech site
Wired.com said.

Physicians in Mumbai are calling the strain TDR, for Totally Drug-
Resistant, Wired.com said. "In other words, it is untreatable as far
as they know," it said.

"TB is already one of the world's worst killers, up there with malaria
and HIV/AIDS, accounting for 9.4 million cases and 1.7 million deaths
in 2009, according to the World Health Organization," it added.

At best, TB treatment is difficult, requiring at least six months of
pill combinations with side effects and must be taken long after the
patient begins to feel well.

The Wired.com report noted news of some of the cases was published
Dec. 21 in an ahead-of-print letter to the journal Clinical Infectious
Diseases.

At least four cases of TDR-TB had been described since last October in
the letter.

Wired.com also noted health authorities estimate that one patient with
active TB can infect up to 15 others.

"And thus resistant TB spreads: XDR-TB was first identified just in
2006, and it has since been found in 69 countries around the world,"
it said.

Tip of the iceberg

On Saturday, the Times of India said there are actually 12 known cases
just in one hospital, the P.D. Hinduja National Hospital and Medical
Research Centre.

"The cases we clinically isolate are just the tip of the iceberg," it
quoted Hinduja's Dr. Amita Athawale as saying.

Another report on the Hindustan Times said most hospitals in the city
do not have the facilities to identify the TDR strain - making it more
likely that unrecognized cases can go on to infect others.

Mismatched treatment, symptoms

The mismatch between treatment and symptoms has led some people not to
take their full course of drugs.

From that, it said there are multi-drug resistant and extensively drug-
resistant, MDR and XDR, TB.

Citing WHO figures, the WHO said there were about 440,000 cases of MDR-
TB per year, accounting for 150,000 deaths, and 25,000 cases of XDR.

"At the time, the WHO predicted there would be 2 million MDR or XDR
cases in the word by 2012," it said.

But as for TDR-TB, the first cases were not these Indian ones but an
equally under-reported cluster of 15 patients in Iran in 2009.

"They were embedded in a larger outbreak of 146 cases of MDR-TB, and
what most worried the physicians who saw them was that the drug
resistance was occurring in immigrants and cross-border migrants as
well as Iranians: Half of the patients were Iranian, and the rest
Afghan, Azerbaijani and Iraqi," it said.

Wired.com said the Iranian team raised the possibility at the time
that rates of TDR were higher than they knew, especially in border
areas where there would be little diagnostic capacity or even basic
medical care.

On the other hand, Wired.com said the Indian cases disclosed before
Christmas demonstrate what happens when TB patients don't get good
medical care.

It said the letter to CID describes the course of four of the 12
patients - all four saw two to four doctors during their illness, and
at least three got multiple, partial courses of the wrong antibiotics.

Most of these unfortunate patients sought care from private physicians
in a desperate attempt to find a cure for their tuberculosis.

"This sector of private-sector physicians in India is among the
largest in the world and these physicians are unregulated both in
terms of prescribing practice and qualifications," it said.

It said a study that we conducted in Mumbai showed that only five of
106 private practitioners practicing in a crowded area called Dharavi
could prescribe a correct prescription for a hypothetical patient with
MDR tuberculosis.

Majority of prescriptions were inappropriate and would only have
served to further amplify resistance, converting MDR tuberculosis to
XDR tuberculosis and TDR tuberculosis, it said.

Diagnosis challenges

Also, the other TB challenge is diagnosis, especially of resistant
strains, and here again the news is not good.

The WHO said last spring that only two-thirds of countries with
resistant TB epidemics have the lab capacity to detect the resistant
strains.

As a result, only one MDR patient out of every 10 even gets into
treatment, and when they do, cure rates range from 82 percent down to
25 percent.

"That's for MDR. None of the TDR patients have been recorded cured,
and at least one of the known Indian patients has died," it said. —
TJD, GMA News

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:14740 Fighting on after the war is over, HIV contrarian publishes yet another paper

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Fighting on after the war is over, HIV contrarian publishes yet
another paper
http://arstechnica.com/science/news/2012/01/hiv-contrarian-still-publishing-still-wrong.ars

By John Timmer |

Berkeley molecular biologist Peter Duesberg
When the world first learned of AIDS, there was a lot of justifiable
confusion over what could cause such a confusing array of symptoms.
But, over time, the confusion slowly subsided. A virus, HIV, was found
that infected the right cells and spread in the right ways to explain
the progression of the disease. Public health measures that targeted
it slowed its spread, and drugs designed to target the virus helped
extend the lives of those infected. By now, the Nobel Prizes have been
awarded and the evidence that HIV causes AIDS is so comprehensive,
it's treated as a fact.

But not by everyone. As attention first focused on HIV, a handful of
scientists very publicly raised questions about whether the scientific
evidence was as solid as others thought. And, years later, at least
one's still at it: Berkeley molecular biologist Peter Duesberg. Last
month, after his latest effort to see his arguments published ended up
in a retraction and the firing of an editor-in-chief, Duesberg managed
to get it published in the Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology.

It's a rather dramatic path to publication for a paper. But anyone
familiar with Duesberg's sometimes flamboyant contrarian nature
wouldn't be surprised.

A history of contrarianism

The HIV/AIDS connection isn't the first scientific consensus that
Duesberg decided to go up against. He did pioneering work in the
characterization of retroviruses (viruses that are transmitted using
RNA as a genetic material, but then copied into DNA and inserted into
their hosts' genome), helping to show that they could pick up genes
from their host that enabled them to induce cancer. That work,
extended by others, ultimately led to the oncogene hypothesis, which
suggests that cancer is caused by mutations in a limited number of
host genes that control cell growth. The work got Duesberg a tenured
position at Berkeley and election to the National Academies of
Science.

By the time oncogenes had earned their leading proponents a trip to
Sweden to meet the King, however, Duesberg was having none of it. The
genes we'd identified, he'd argued, are mostly incapable of driving
cancer when mutated. Oddly, it was an argument that most people would
agree with—one mutation in one oncogene isn't enough, and must be
accompanied by additional genetic changes. But Duesberg would argue
that these mutations only came about due to wholesale genetic changes,
while knocking down a caricature of what most people in the field
thought.

If his differences with the scientific consensus on oncogenes were
either subtle or imaginary, the same can't be said of his arguments
over HIV. As the research community became ever more convinced that
this retrovirus was the cause of AIDS, he persisted in arguing that
the virus was just an opportunistic infection, taking advantage of an
immune system compromised by some other agent. Duesberg blamed a
variety of other agents: drug use among homosexuals, malnourishment in
sub-Saharan Africa, etc.

His arguments, to a casual reader, might sound compelling. To give one
example, he argued that HIV failed to satisfy Koch's postulates, which
were central to the development of a scientific approach to infectious
disease. That sounds like a significant failure—until you read
Wikipedia and recognize that the postulates date to the late 1800s and
that Koch himself was already aware that some disease-causing
organisms, like cholera, don't satisfy all the postulates.

Strange bedfellows and serious consequences

Duesberg wasn't the only scientist with impressive credentials to
question the HIV/AIDS link. Kary Mullis, who won a Nobel Prize for
developing PCR (which, ironically, provides an accurate test for the
presence of HIV), joined him in raising questions. And, in 1991,
Duesberg and a collection of people who called themselves the Group
for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis managed to
get a letter published in Science in which they stated their case.

It's quite a document. It includes a list of demands, the first of
which is that, "researchers independent of the HIV establishment
should audit the Centers for Disease Control's records of AIDS cases."
Although the "HIV establishment" is not identified, the demands for
other independent re-evaluations continue along those lines.
Eventually, it wraps up by stating, "the skeptics are eager to see the
results of independent scientific testing. Those who uphold the HIV
'party line' have so far refused."

The letter has a dozen signatures, and a third appear to have at least
some relevant expertise. But one signatory is an actuary; another
wrote a biography of Duesberg; two are journalists. One of the
journalists was the author of the Politically Incorrect Guide to
Science, which also criticized the science of climate change and
evolution. The biggest surprise was the presence of Phillip Johnson,
the Berkeley Law professor who had by this point founded the Discovery
Institute and helped develop its wedge strategy, a plan to replace
science as it's currently practiced with something he found more
theologically palatable.

(This collection of questionable beliefs wasn't limited to those who
signed the letter; Mullis has apparently written that HIV, the CFC-
ozone connection, and climate change are all part of a plot hatched by
environmentalists.)

Although the letter's signatories labelled themselves skeptics, its
language is that of conspiracy theorists and cranks. With a few
exceptions, most of its signatories don't even have the relevant
expertise, and many of them have serious issues with science in
general. In short, these are not people who should be listened to when
it comes to matters of evidence.

Unfortunately, someone did. And, even more unfortunately, that someone
was Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa, who appointed at least two
of them to a committee that evaluated his country's response to AIDS.
One result of this was a long delay in the widespread use of
antiretroviral therapies in South Africa, which a 2010 paper estimated
as having cost hundreds of thousands of lives.

Don't give up the fight

That estimate is what prompted Duesberg's latest salvo. He and a
handful of other authors put together a paper that argued that the
populations of African countries shouldn't be increasing if the HIV
infection rates and mortality are what they claimed to be. Thus, in
the paper's presentation, HIV can't be causing the health problems
it's being blamed for. This leads to the same old argument: HIV is
just a harmless virus that justs takes advantage of AIDS to infect
immunocompromised individuals.

Needless to say, the research community didn't consider these
arguments worthy of publication, so his paper would obviously fail
peer review. So, Duesberg found a journal, Medical Hypotheses, that
didn't require peer review, and had a history of publishing papers
with outlandish ideas. In keeping with its reputation, the journal
published the paper, which was then duly indexed by PubMed, the
database of biomedical literature run by the National Institutes of
Health.

Things didn't end there, though. Complaints poured in to Elsevier, the
publisher of Medical Hypotheses, which decided to act. It ordered its
editor to institute peer review; when he refused, he was fired.
Duesberg's paper, along with another from a similar group based at the
University of Firenze in Italy, were withdrawn from the literature.
Many of the other people involved with the journal were asked to step
down and complied. In essence, the journal's decision to publish the
paper destroyed it.

The editor was unrepentant. In an interview, he argued that Duesberg's
relegation to the fringes of science as evidence of the worthiness of
his ideas: "Duesberg is obviously a competent scientist, he is
obviously the victim of an orchestrated campaign of intimidation and
exclusion, and I interpret his sacrifice of status to principle as
prima facie evidence of his sincerity."

With his paper out of the literature, Duesberg apparently went
shopping for another outlet for his paper, and found one in the
Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology. That's published by the
Firenze University Press—the home of the other researchers that had a
paper pulled by Elsevier. Whether personal connections played a key
role there isn't clear, but the paper is well outside the journal's
normal focus, which is the "anatomy and embryology of vertebrates."

Is there a lesson here?

Whatever damage was done by Duesberg and other contrarians in the
past, they've now been relegated to the sidelines; nobody is basing
public policy based on their unfounded skepticism anymore.

Unfortunately, it's all too easy to see why some people might have
found them compelling in the past. The contrarians included a Nobel
Prize winner and a member of the National Academies of Science—if you
didn't pay careful attention to the company they kept and the fact
that they had a tendency to back zany ideas, it was easy to conclude
they were an impressive group. And, to someone who didn't look into
the details, their arguments sounded scientific. After all, as
described above, they were able to paint the medical establishment as
ignoring Koch's Postulates, the very foundation of infectious disease
research, and present themselves as the true scientific skeptics.

The fact that they were going against an established scientific
consensus made for a great story, a mix of underdog saga and
conspiracy theory. It wasn't just that the scientific community
thought the contrarians were wrong—they were actively suppressing
their ideas, protecting their own position and the acclaim and grant
money that went with it.

Mix in people's tendency to interpret expertise through cultural
filters, and the ability of the contrarians to attract a following
seems inevitable. In the case of South Africa, these cultural filters
included lingering resentments from colonialism and apartheid,
combined with new worries about the pharmaceutical industry.

It's easy to recognize these things in retrospect. But pretty much
every scientific idea—even things like relativity, quantum
entanglement, and evolution—have their share of well-credentialed
contrarians. All that's needed is for the field to matter enough that
the public starts paying attention to them.

Disclosure: Duesberg is tenured by the department from which the
author received his PhD. The two did not have any significant
interactions.

Photograph by upload.wikimedia.org

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Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:14739 Call for Papers: 2012 Impression and Pattern Evidence Symposium - NIJ Event Update

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From: National Institute of Justice <nij@govdelivery.com>
To: avnishjolly@yahoo.com
Sent: Tuesday, 10 January 2012, 20:21
Subject: Call for Papers: 2012 Impression and Pattern Evidence Symposium - NIJ Event Update

Call for Papers: 2012 Impression and Pattern Evidence Symposium - NIJ Event Update
You received this message because you asked for an e-mail when we update our Events page.


National Institute of Justice: Research, Development, Evlaluation
NIJ and the FBI Laboratory Division are co-sponsoring the Impression and Pattern Evidence Symposium, to be held August 6-9, 2012, in Clearwater Beach, Florida.
The Impression and Pattern Evidence Symposium is specifically intended to bring together practitioners and researchers to enhance information sharing and promote collaboration among the impression and pattern evidence, law enforcement, and legal communities. The symposium will also provide unique educational opportunities for impression and pattern evidence examiners.
This year's theme is Recognize, Develop, and Implement: Building on our Foundations.
We are now soliciting abstracts for posters, platform presentations, and workshops from all impression and pattern evidence disciplines, including:
  • Bloodstain Pattern Analysis
  • Fingerprint / Friction Ridges
  • Firearms and Toolmarks
  • Footwear and Tire Impressions
  • Questioned Documents
  • Other Impression and Pattern Evidence
Travel and lodging support will be provided for the primary presenter of accepted abstracts, invited guests, and committee members within the United States. Registration for the symposium will open in April 2012.
For registration information about the symposium and to submit your abstract online, please visit the Symposium website. Symposium materials will be available 1 week prior to the event date.
How does NIJ impact your work?
We're interested in hearing how the event announced in this email, and other NIJ resources, affect your work. Send us your thoughts (lee.mockensturm@usdoj.gov).
Thank you.
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Re: Medarticles I need a article

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On Wed, Jan 11, 2012 at 7:44 AM, muhammad shahid Nazir <biochemistsn@gmail.com> wrote:
Dear I need this article!

https://springerlink3.metapress.com/content/x214646w768nt068/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.pdf&sid=0t0ybqsnkr4bq0ij0ri1150b&sh=www.springerlink.com 

Characteristics of cellulose nanofibers isolated from rubberwood and empty fruit bunches of oil palm using chemo-mechanical process

Mehdi JonoobiAbolghasem KhazaeianParidah Md. TahirSyeed Saiful Azry and Kristiina Oksman

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Characteristics of cellulose nanofibers isolated from rubberwood and empty fruit bunches of oil palm using chemo-mechanical process

Mehdi JonoobiAbolghasem KhazaeianParidah Md. TahirSyeed Saiful Azry and Kristiina Oksman

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News: Ultra Deluxe Garage and Car Care Kit

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  • Broan-Nutone
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Nutone CK145 Car Accessory Kit CK145 Car Accessory Kit

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EduNews - Monthly World Bank Education Newsletter

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Trouble viewing this mail?  Read it online  |  RSS Feed RSS  |  Previous Issues
EduNews - World Bank Education Newsletter The World Bank
  
Issue 31 - December 2011

FEATURE

essuAccelerating Progress toward the Education MDGs
The Bank is following up on its pledge to step up support to poor countries so all children can go to school and learn. Read more...

PUBLICATIONS & RESEARCH

Does Information Improve School Accountability? Results of a Large Randomized Trial
From Priyanka Pandey, Sangeeta Goyal and Venkatesh Sundararaman
This study evaluates a community-based randomized controlled trial (RCT) to determine the impact of an information campaign on learning and other school outcomes. The study was conducted in three Indian states, Uttar Pradesh (UP), Madhya Pradesh (MP), and Karnataka.  

Educational Upgrading and Returns: Evidence from a Supply-Demand Framework, 1990-2010
From Leonardo Gasparini, Sebastian Galiani, Guillermo Cruces, and Pablo Acosta
This paper studies the evolution of wage differentials and the trends in the supply of workers by educational level for 16 Latin American countries between 1990 and 2000. The analysis estimates the relative contribution of supply and demand factors behind recent trends in skill premia for tertiary and secondary educated workers.  

Assessment Testing Can be Used to Inform Policy Decisions: the Case of Jordan
From Husein Abdul-Hamid, Khattab M. Abu-Lebdeh and Harry Anthony Patrinos
This study presents and analyzes changes in test scores over time using decomposition analysis. The trends are related to policy changes over time. It is argued that benchmarking education systems and constant feedback between researchers and policymakers contributed to the Jordanian education system achievements.    

View more publications & research

PROJECTS

Sierra Leone: Decentralized Service Delivery Program II
Approval Date: December 20, 2011; IBRD/IDA: US $26 million; Project ID: P119355; Education Component: General Education (15%)

Vietnam: Poverty Reduction Support Credit 10
Approval Date: December 15, 2011; IBRD/IDA: US $150 million; Project ID: P111183; Education Component: General Education (20%)


El Salvador: Education Quality Improvement Project
Approval Date: December 13, 2011; IBRD: US $60 million; Project ID: P126364; Education Component: Secondary Education (95%), Primary Education (5%)

View more projects

DATA

The EdStats DataFinder: Get Education Data on the go with the new EdStats iPhone/iPad app
EdStats has just launched the World Bank EdStats DataFinder, a new iPhone/iPad application. This free app is a comprehensive mobile data and analysis source for key topics in education with over 2,000 education indicators for more than 200 countries and regional/income groups. The app's Data tab allows one to conduct a fast, customized data query and chart/visualize the resulting data. The Book tab presents a data profile of a selected country, region or income group.    

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Education Advisory Service Human Development Network, The World Bank
 
EduNews is a monthly newsletter created by the Human Development Network Education Group, to share the most recent news, publications, research and information related to education at the World Bank.

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FW أنقذ نفسك وساهم في إنقاذ البشرية من الهلاك بأقصى سرعة

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إذا لم تطبق هذه الرسالة وترسلها فوراً إلى كل أصدقائك فأنت من المساهمين في هلاك نفسك وهلاك البشرية !!!

هل فكرت ماذا يحدث في العالم؟!!! هل فكرت لماذا كل هذا القتل؟؟؟؟ هل فكرت  لماذا كل هذا الفساد؟؟؟؟ هل فكرت لماذا كل هذا الظلم؟؟؟ هل فكرت لماذا يتغير المناخ في الأرض؟؟؟ هل فكرت لماذا يكثر القتل وتزداد الفيضانات والكوارث؟؟؟..... السبب هو غضب الله علينا، وعقابه لنا لأننا ارتكبنا بأيدينا الخطايا التالية:

1- عدم تعلم وتطبيق أوامر الله تعالى في القرآن، والسنة الشريفة.
2- عدم ذكر الله تعالى.
3- عدم نصح بعضنا البعض فيما يتعلق بأمور الدين، وعدم تعليم بعضنا البعض
4- عدم الاستغفار من الذنوب وكثرة الفساد الأخلاقي.


وكلما ازداد ابتعادنا عن الله وتقصيراً في عبادته كلما اشتد البلاء علينا واشتد العقاب، يقول الله سبحانه وتعالى: (ظهر الفساد في البر والبحر بما كسبت أيدي الناس ليذيقهم بعض الذي عملوا لعلهم يرجعون)

لذلك إذا أحببنا أن تعود رحمة الله علينا بسرعة، وتعود حياتنا طبيعة كما كانت علينا فوراً بفعل الأمور التالية:

1- حضور أو استماع لدرس ديني على الأقل مرة في الأسبوع.
2- الصلاة في المسجد، على الأقل صلاة الفجر.
3- ذكر الله تعالى يومياً بلا انقطاع بهذه الطريقة:

اجلس بمفردك يومياً ربع ساعة قبل طلوع الشمس وربع ساعة قبل غروبها، ثم اقرأ مايلي: استغفر الله - 25 مرة، سورة الفاتحة –مرة، سورة الإخلاص - 3 مرات، اللهم صل على سيدنا محمد وآله -5 مرات، ثم أغمض عينيك، وتوجه إلى قلبك، واشعر بأن الله حاضر معك، وبكل خشوع وتركيز ابدأ بذكر اسم الله بهذه الطريقة (الله الله الله الله الله الله .... ) في قلبك لمدة ربع ساعة، قال الله تعالى: (اذكروني أذكركم)، وقال سيدنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: (من أكثر ذكر الله أحبه الله)، وإذا أحبك الله أعطاك كل ماتحب وتتمنى... يقول رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: (مامن مؤمن ولامؤمنة إلا وله وكيل في الجنة، إن قرأ القرآن بنى له القصور، وإن ذكر الله غرس له الأشجار)، قال الله تعالى: (واذكر اسم ربك بكره وأصيلاً)، وكلنا يعرف أن اسم ربنا هو الله.

إذا فالحل بأيدينا، وكلنا مسؤولون، وليس فينا أحد غير مسؤول عن إنقاذ البشرية من الهلاك.... )....
 والله العظيم لو طبق جميعناً هذه الرسالة لعادت حياتنا أجمل مماكانت خلال فترة قصيرة جداً.


إذا كنت تحب الحياة لك ولأهلك ولأحبابك وأصدقائك....
إذا كنت تحب أن تعود الرحمة الإلهية علينا كما كانت، وتعود حياتنا طبيعية كما كانت ....
إذا كنت تحب الخير لك ولكل البشرية ....
إذا كنت تحب الله ..... ابدأ بتطبيق هذه الرسالة وأرسلها فوراً إلى كل أصدقائك ....

إذا كنت ستطبق الرسالة أضف عنوان الفيس بوك لنكون على تواصل:
facebook. com/zikralllah

(الناس غرقى والذاكرون على سفينة نوح)

الجميع مطالب بالعلم والتعليم:
يقول سيدنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: (إن الله وملائكته وأهل السموات والأرض حتى النملة في حجرها وحتى الحوت ليصلون على معلم الناس الخير)

كلنا مذنبون ..... كلنا مقصرون ... كلنا مسؤولون .....

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