Wednesday, January 18, 2012

Fresh Ideas on Strategy and Innovation

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Dear Colleague,
 
Spend a day with William Duggan, Columbia Business School's top Strategy faculty - a rare chance for your team to learn from the most famous Strategy expert in the world right now. This is an amazing strategy workshop for the executive teams. Here's a link to the agenda http://www.kcapital-us.com/wd/agenda.html
About the faculty : Professor Duggan has 20 years of experience as a strategy adviser and consultant. He is the author of six books, including Napoleon's Glance: The Secret of Strategy and The Art of What Works: How Success Really Happens.

The program is based on the groundbreaking research and teaching by Professor William Duggan. In only one day, you will learn how to capture the benefits of strategic intuition and apply it to real-world business innovation. The last part of the program offers a set of tools to use strategic intuition for your own personal strategy and development.
Participants will receive a copy of Strategic Intuition: The Creative Spark in Human Achievement, which was named "Best Strategy Book of the year" by Strategy & Business magazine.
Please go to http://www.kcapital-us.com/wd for more information and to register for the workshop.
Best wishes,
Purity Correia
Ph: 91 9870482185

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Re: Medarticles MedArticles, Need full text articles.

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Hi,

Thanks a lot.

Regards
Sudheer J.

On Jan 18, 4:37 pm, Parijat Kanetkar <parijatkanet...@gmail.com>
wrote:
> all articles sent to your email
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
> On Wed, Jan 18, 2012 at 12:30 PM, Manju <sudheer...@gmail.com> wrote:
> > Dear Sir,
>
> > Please help in getting full text articles
>
> > 1.) Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. Volume 35, Number 3,
> > 237-244, DOI: 10.1007/BF00037276
> > Clonal propagation of mature elite trees of Commiphora wightii
> > Durga M. Barve and A. R. Mehta
>
> > 2.) Biotechnology Letters. Volume 29, Number 6, 979-982, DOI: 10.1007/
> > s10529-007-9342-5
> > Guggulsterone production in cell suspension cultures of the guggul
> > tree, Commiphora wightii , grown in shake-flasks and bioreactors
> > Meeta Mathur and K. G. Ramawat
> > (http://www.springerlink.com/content/v713161656707562/)
>
> > 3.) Plant Growth Regulation. Volume 51, Number 1, 93-98, DOI: 10.1007/
> > s10725-006-9151-1
> > Morphactin influences guggulsterone production in callus cultures of
> > Commiphora wightii
> > Y. S. Tanwar, Meeta Mathur and K. G. Ramawat
> > (http://www.springerlink.com/content/k74u354wn784503k/)
>
> > 4.) Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. Volume 35, Number 3,
> > 237-244, DOI: 10.1007/BF00037276
> > Clonal propagation of mature elite trees of Commiphora wightii
> > Durga M. Barve and A. R. Mehta
> > (http://www.springerlink.com/content/huql236370h2081u/)
>
> > Thanks & regards
> > Sudheer J.
>
> > --
> > You can edit your Group Email settings by visiting the following link.
>
> >http://groups.google.com/group/medarticles/subscribe
>
> > You can choose abridged email or digest email so that you will receive
> > only one email per day.
>
> --
>
> Best wishes and regards,
>
> PVK
> ---------  ---------  ---------
> Parijat Kanetkar

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Re: Medarticles Request for full paper

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unfortunately the chapter is not available!

-PVK

On Wed, Jan 18, 2012 at 10:49 PM, Ragini .Kedar Bhave <raginidange@gmail.com> wrote:
Dear friends,

Can anybody send me the following chapter please?

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0099959808602886

The Alkaloids: Chemistry and Pharmacology
Volume 46, 1995, Pages 127–138, 138a, 140–144, 144a, 146–153, 153a,
155–165, 165a, 167–206, 206a, 206b, 206c, 206d, 207–216, 216a, 218–271

Chapter 4 The Naphthylisoquinoline Alkaloids*
   Gerhard Bringmann,
   Frank Pokorny


Thank you very much...

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Best wishes and regards,


PVK

---------  ---------  ---------

Parijat Kanetkar



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Medarticles I need this article urgently please

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1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2485925

Toxicity of polyacrylamide and acrylamide monomer.

Source

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 01003.

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to present information gathered regarding, in general, the physical characteristics, and, in particular, the possible toxic nature of polyacrylamide A short discussion of the properties and toxicity of the acrylamide monomer is also included. The United States government, specifically the Food and Drug Administration and the Environmental Protection Agency, already regulates several uses of polyacrylamide; criteria and standards have been established based on numerous toxicological studies of both polyacrylamide and acrylamide. These studies are reviewed and summarized. The regulations generally restrict both the amount of residual acrylamide monomer in the polyacrylamide and the amount of polymer that may be used in the specified application. By imposing this type of restriction, a maximum limit on the amount of acrylamide in contact with food or drinking water can be indirectly achieved.

PMID:
2485925
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

2. http://iospress.metapress.com/content/h27284042688vl83/
Journal Article
Effects of oral acrylamide intake on blood viscosity parameters in rats

Effects of oral acrylamide intake on blood viscosity parameters in rats

JournalClinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
PublisherIOS Press
ISSN1386-0291 (Print)
1875-8622 (Online)
SubjectMedicine, Biochemistry and Biophysics and Hematology
IssueVolume 47, Number 1 / 2011
Pages45-52
DOI10.3233/CH-2010-1364
Pages45-52
Subject GroupMedicine and Health
Online DateMonday, February 14, 2011


Regards!

Shahid

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Re: Medarticles Request for full paper

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enclosed

anand
http://www.indiasarkarinaukri.com/


On Wed, Jan 18, 2012 at 11:58 PM, Mihir Herlekar <mihirherlekar@gmail.com> wrote:
Hi,

Can anyone please send me the following paper?

UV-VIS spectra of small iron particles. Blanco, M.C.  Meira, A.  Baldomir, D.  Rivas, J.  Lopez-Quintela, M.A. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (ISSN 0018-9464), vol. 30, no. 2, pt. 2, p. 739-741. DOI: 10.1109/20.312393  


Thanking you


Regards


Mihir

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Medarticles Request for full paper

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Hi,

Can anyone please send me the following paper?

UV-VIS spectra of small iron particles. Blanco, M.C.  Meira, A.  Baldomir, D.  Rivas, J.  Lopez-Quintela, M.A. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (ISSN 0018-9464), vol. 30, no. 2, pt. 2, p. 739-741. DOI: 10.1109/20.312393  


Thanking you


Regards


Mihir

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Re: Medarticles REQUEST FOR ARTICLE

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Here is the answer:

https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/medarticles/4SfysybNj0Y

anand
http://www.indiasarkarinaukri.com/

On Tue, Jan 17, 2012 at 3:16 PM, rakesh sonawane <rakesh12283@gmail.com> wrote:
DEAR ALL
I NEED FOLLOWING ARTICLES IF ANYONE CAN SEND SAME I WILL BE VERY THANKFUL TO HIM OR HER

1.        Echan LA, Tang HY, Ali-Khan N, Lee K, Speicher DW. Depletion of

multiple high-abundance proteins improves protein profiling capacities of

human serum and plasma. Proteomics. 2005;5:3292–303.

 

2.       Gong Y, Li X, Yang B, Ying W. Different immunoaffinity fractionation strategies

to characterize the human plasma proteome. J Proteome Res. 2006;5:1379–87.

 

3.       Zhang R, Barker L, Pinchev D, Marshall J. Mining biomarkers in human

sera using proteomic tools. Proteomics. 2004;4:244–56.

 

 4.Cho SY, Lee EY, Lee JS, Kim HY. Efficient prefractionation of lowabundance

proteins in human plasma and construction of a two-dimensional

map. Proteomics. 2005;5:3386–96.

 

4.       Heller M, Michel PE, Morier P, et al. Two-stage Off-Gel isoelectric focusing:

protein followed by peptide fractionation and application to proteome

analysis of human plasma. Electrophoresis. 2005;26:1174–88.

 

 

5 Higgs RE, Knierman MD, Gelfanova V, Butler JP. Comprehensive labelfree

method for the relative quantification of proteins from biological samples.

J Proteome Res. 2005;4:1442–50.

6 Higgs RE, Knierman MD, Gelfanova V, Butler JP. Label-free LC-MS method

for the identification of biomarkers. Methods Mol Biol. 2008;428;209–30.

 

Hubner NC, Ren S, Mann M. Peptide separation with immobilized pI strips

is an attractive alternative to in-gel protein digestion for proteome analysis.

Proteomics. 2008;8:4862–72.

--
Rakesh sonawane

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Re: Medarticles

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Full text 2006 onwards only available from here

http://www.niscair.res.in/sciencecommunication/researchjournals/rejour/IJCB/ijcb0.asp

anand
http://www.indiasarkarinaukri.com/

On Fri, Jan 13, 2012 at 5:57 PM, deeveesha gupta <gupta.deeveesha@gmail.com> wrote:
i need the below mentioned ppr for my project. kindly mail if possible.
journal: indian journal of chemistry section B: organic chemistry including medicinal chemistry
vol: 42
publication: 2003
issue: 6
pages: 1514
coden: IJSBDB
issn: 0376-4699

regards
deeveesha

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Medarticles Request for full paper

Buzz It
Dear friends,

Can anybody send me the following chapter please?

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0099959808602886

The Alkaloids: Chemistry and Pharmacology
Volume 46, 1995, Pages 127–138, 138a, 140–144, 144a, 146–153, 153a,
155–165, 165a, 167–206, 206a, 206b, 206c, 206d, 207–216, 216a, 218–271

Chapter 4 The Naphthylisoquinoline Alkaloids*
Gerhard Bringmann,
Frank Pokorny


Thank you very much...

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:14797 U of M continues work to curb spread of AIDS in Kenya

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U of M continues work to curb spread of AIDS in Kenya
http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/local/U-of-M-continues--137558193.html

Winnipeg Free Press - ONLINE EDITION
By: Dan Lett
Posted: 01/18/2012 6:54 AM | Comments: 0 (including replies)

So much has changed, and so much has stayed the same.

A decade ago I travelled to Nairobi to see, firsthand, the work of
Kenyan and University of Manitoba researchers who were studying a
group of HIV-resistant sex workers. The U of M maintained a small
clinic in Nairobi's Pumwani district, a deeply impoverished place, and
provided free medical treatment to both the non-infected sex workers,
and those who had contracted deadly virus. In exchange, the
researchers gathered valuable data on the lives and habits of the
resistant women. That data has provided insight into the human immune
system, and is being used in one of the world's most promising vaccine
initiatives.

But that was not all the U of M brought to Africa. The project grew,
bringing public health education and preventative strategies to stop
Kenyans from getting infected in the first place. It was at that time
a unique approach, a blend of research, primary medicine and public
health.

I met the Manitobans on the front line of the battle against HIV and
AIDS. The founders of the project, doctors Allan Ronald and Frank
Plummer. Researchers like Dr. Stephen Moses, who made history by
linking circumcision to HIV prevention. And Kenyans like Dr. Joshua
Kimani, who did much of his medical education and graduate training
through the U of M and now leads the U of M's work in Kenya.

A decade later, the U of M programs have grown both in size and
sophistication. "Ten years ago, we focused our work on a couple of
research initiatives and the Majengo clinic," said Dr. Keith Fowke, a
professor of medical microbiology and one of the leaders of the Kenyan
projects. "Now, we have reached out to other areas of Nairobi."
In addition to Majengo, the U of M operates four more clinics in other
districts of Nairobi to both provide front-line medical care and
education on how to prevent HIV infections, Fowke said. The clinics
focus their work on sex workers, who have the highest infection rates
among all Kenyans. Last year, more than 40,000 sex workers received
medical treatment at U of M clinics, and more than two dozen medical
and graduate students — Canadian and Kenyans — trained in these
programs.

Perhaps the biggest change experienced by the U of M researchers is
the type of treatment they are providing. A decade ago, only a handful
of Kenyans had access to anti-retroviral medication (ARVs), the
principal drug therapy for suppressing HIV. While ARVs had become
standard for victims in developed countries, those in developing
countries were essentially denied access on economic grounds. However,
a global campaign put increasing pressure on developed countries to
make ARVs available to all.
This ultimately led to ARV programs through UNAIDS and the Global Fund
to Fight AIDS, and the creation of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan
for Aids Relief (PEPFAR). Together, these and a few other smaller
programs are providing drug therapy to more than five million HIV/AIDS
victims in the poorest countries. The U of M has accessed funding
through the Gates Foundation and PEPFAR to expand its network of
clinics, and to bring its unique blend of prevention and research to
other countries including Columbia, India, Pakistan and China.

The progress is undeniable, but Fowke admits there is very little
sense that they are anywhere close to winning the war on HIV/AIDS.
Although prevalence rates are down, the total number of people living
with the disease — in large part because more victims are living
longer while on ARV therapy — has nearly doubled to two million. Of
greater concern, new infections continue at an alarming rate. And
looming over the global fight against the disease is a precipitous
drop in international funding.

In large part because of the global recession, the countries that
support the programs that treat victims and fund research into a
vaccine fell by approximately 10 per cent. This has led to a drop in
funding to specific projects around the world.

The challenges remain but there is a sense of optimism. Dr. Allan
Ronald, one of the founders of the U of M's projects in Kenya, said
there have been many positive consequences. New infection rates are
down in most African countries by as much as 40 per cent from peak
levels in 2004-2005, he said.

Other advances include building a greater capacity in Kenya for
medicine and research. Ronald noted that the U of M programs in Kenya
are now, for the most part, overseen by Kenyan doctors. This is a huge
advantage to a country struggling with such an enormous public health
crisis, he added.

On the vaccine research side, Ronald said he and many other of the
founders of the program are somewhat disappointed that the secrets of
the HIV-resistant sex workers has not been decoded. "There have been
some small advances, but we've not had that big breakthrough I think
we all thought would come," he said.

Overall, Ronald is still encouraged by the work in Africa. "You can
get discouraged at times," Ronald said. "But in the end, there is
enough to make us encouraged. The glass is definitely half full."

dan.lett@freepress.mb.ca

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:14796 14 HIV positive children rescued from NGO

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14 HIV positive children rescued from NGO
http://www.hindustantimes.com/India-news/Haryana/14-HIV-positive-children-rescued-from-NGO/Article1-798720.aspx

HT Correspondent, Hindustan Times
Gurgaon, January 18, 2012

In a shocking case of sexual abuse, 14 HIV positive children,
including eight girls, were rescued from a city-based NGO after a raid
by the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) on
Tuesday.

The manager of the NGO, Drone Foundation, is accused of sexually
abusing the children. He has gone absconding after the incident.
The NGO, located in Maruti Kunj area near DPS School in Gurgaon,
provided shelter to HIV positive children.

"We got a tip-off that the accused had been sexually abusing the
children since a long time. After we got information, a team was
formed to investigate the matter," said a member of the raiding team
on condition of anonymity.

The official added that two minor girls have come forward to file a
complaint against the manager with the commission.

The rescued girls would be sent to Naz Foundation in Delhi while the
boys would be looked after by the Gurgaon district administration till
they get a new shelter.

Another team member Bharti Sharma said the commission is going to file
a complaint and the matter is under investigation.

Meanwhile, the police confirmed the raid and said they will take
necessary action as per the law. "We are investigating the matter and
will examine all facts of the case. We have got a complaint from
NCPCR," said Hamid Akhtar, deputy commissioner of police (south),
Gurgaon police.

Ankur Gupta, who runs the NGO, could not be contacted despite repeated
attempts as his phone was switched off.

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Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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Re: Medarticles Request for full articles

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1st one sent

anand
http://www.indiasarkarinaukri.com/

On Wed, Jan 18, 2012 at 12:06 PM, marto lesh <martolesh@googlemail.com> wrote:
Dear All,

Please help me with the following full articles

1. Tetrahedron 1999, 55 (15), 4783-4792.

Link:  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040402099001507

2. J.Het. Chem 2008, 45, 917-920

Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jhet.5570450342/abstract;jsessionid=D32343DB540CAC287723F1683078114F.d01t03

Thanks

Martolesh

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World Bank Note: Enhancing the Capability of Central Finance Agencies

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Click "Display Images" above to view this banner

Enhancing the Capability of Central Finance Agencies

Author: Richard Allen and Francesco Grigoli

A well-organized and effective finance ministry and its associated central finance agencies (CFAs) are essential to good fiscal outcomes. Recent studies of CFAs in selected low-income countries demonstrate that their organizational structure varies widely and that decision making on public finance is strongly influenced by political economy factors. This note presents some common themes arising from the case studies and provides some descriptive evidence about the organizational structure of the CFAs. This note also includes evidence of a "U-curve" pattern in the development of the organizational structure of CFAs over the long term. It confirms that political economy analysis, though difficult to apply in practice, is highly relevant in the development of reform strategies for strengthening CFAs and public financial management systems.


The Economic Premise notes are produced by the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) Network Vice-Presidency of the World Bank. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the institution.

To read previous Economic Premise notes, please click here: www.worldbank.org/economicpremise

Economic Premise is now a partner of Roubini Global Economics and is available on RGE's Partner Content: www.roubini.com/partnercontent.

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The Times of India Daily Newsletter

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To ensure delivery directly to your inbox, Please add toi.onlineeditor@indiatimes.com to your address book today.
If you are having trouble viewing this newsletter, please click here.
January 18, 2012

Top Headlines

Shatrughan Sinha keeps date with 'sister' Zain Zia
Taking time out from the visit of Indian parliamentarians to Pakistan, Sinha went tomeet General Zia's daughter, who regards him as an elder brother.

Rushdie visit: Security advisory to Delhi, Rajasthan police
Advisory issued by the Centre indicates that the author may turn up for the festival on any day during January 21st to 24th.

Think before criticising EC, CEC Quraishi warns Mayawati
CEC Quraishi said Mayawati should think before criticising the EC order to cover her statues & BSP's poll symbols in government parks.

Cities

NRI woman molested on flight, BHEL official held
A senior executive with BHEL has been arrested on charges of molesting a woman passenger on onboard a Bhopal-bound flight.

Ahatas razed, booze business falls flat in Gurgaon
Days after the HUDA demolished illegal open drinking joints in the city, the excise department has expressed its concern about possible loss of revenue due to this.

Business

Many air travellers say yes to 'fat tax'
Heavyweights may disagree with the idea of airlines charging "fat tax", but a survey says that air travellers agree that obese people should pay more to fly.

RIL to surrender SEZ land in Haryana
More than 5 years after inking an agreement with HSIIDC, RIL is all set to return 1383,68 acres of land acquired by it for SEZ in Gurgaon.

Sports

What exactly has gone wrong in Oz?
In their last 10 innings, openers Sehwag and Gambhir have batted for just 51.2 overs together and the best they've managed is a poor 27-run stand in Cape Town.

Wozniacki boosted by McIlroy major tips
World number one Caroline Wozniacki says she has picked up tips on her mental approach to tennis from her golf major-winning boyfriend Rory McIlroy.

Entertainment

It's good to be bad: Priyanka Chopra
Actress Priyanka Chopra prefers characters with grey shades over positive roles. Her role of a femme fatale in " 7 Khoon Maaf" has fetched her a prestigious award.

Politics is totally over for me: Sanjay Dutt
The actor still regrets joining politics and the Samajwadi party, but considers the experience a real eye-opener.

Infotech

SOPA protest: Wikipedia blacks out
Wikipedia will shut down access to its English-language site for 24 hours beginning at midnight Eastern Standard Time on Tuesday.

Apple files another suit against Samsung
Apple Inc filed another suit in Germany, seeking to ban sales of Samsung Electronics Co's smartphones, including the Galaxy S Plus and the S II.

Most Read Stories

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Moving From Small-Molecule To Protein-Based Drugs

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Bioresearch Online Newsletter | View this newsletter in your browser .
Bioresearch Online
January 18, 2012
Moving From Small-Molecule To Protein-Based Drugs
By Tom Ricci

Tom Ricci With blockbuster drugs like Lipitor recently coming off patent and many others, including Plavix, heading toward the so-called "patent-cliff" as well, the pharmaceutical landscape is continuing its dramatic shift from branded drugs to generics. With such an uncertain future for traditional small-molecule drug development, pharmaceutical companies are developing a new pipeline of biologic-based drugs that potentially will fend off competition from generics.
Read more.

Featured Articles

Tips For Achieving Great Chromatographic Results
If you're a chromatographer, then it's probably safe to say that one of your daily goals is to achieve great chromatographic results: chromatograms that feature well-resolved peaks with little-to-no band-broadening and a flat baseline — the kind of results that make your job easier and headache-free. Read more.

Efficiency Test Of ReadyToProcess™ Columns
ReadyToProcess columns are prepacked, prequalified, and presanitized process chromatography columns suited for purification of biopharmaceuticals. ReadyToProcess columns are available with several media at different volumes. Read more.

Implementation Of Nano-UHPLC System Significantly Increases Number Of Protein And Peptide Identifications
In December 2010, the Center for Experimental Bioinformatics (CEBI) at the University of Southern Denmark adopted a nano-UHPLC system in order to accelerate productivity and improve efficiencies. Implementation of the Thermo Scientific EASY-nLC 1000 instrument has increased the number of peptide and protein identifications that can be performed by the laboratory by more than 30%. Read more.

Thank you for reading Bioresearch Online's Chromatography Impact. Do you have a topic you would like to see addressed in future issues, or do you have experience with chromatography that you could share? Let us know!

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:14795 Maryland Senator introduces bill to classify HIV transmission as felony

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Maryland Senator introduces bill to classify HIV transmission as
felony
http://www.washingtonblade.com/2012/01/17/maryland-senator-introduces-bill-to-classify-hiv-transmission-as-felony/

January 17, 2012 | 1 Comment text sizeprintemailtranslate
By Phil Reese on January 17, 2012

As LGBT groups focus on pending marriage legislation in Maryland, a
Democratic Senator stands to potentially ignite a fight over HIV
criminalization in that state.

Sen. Norman Stone Jr. has introduced a bill that would classify
knowingly transmitting HIV from a misdemeanor to a felony,
ThinkProgress has reported. The bill has no companion in the lower
house, but at a time when HIV criminalization becomes a more divisive
issue around the nation, LGBT advocates would likely rather avoid the
distraction as they push for success on the marriage bill during
Maryland's short legislative session.

According to the Center for HIV Law and Policy, HIV disclosure laws
are abused throughout the nation to criminalize behavior that does not
pose a risk of transmitting HIV. In Iowa the law was used to jail an
HIV positive man for 25 years, even though he had an undetectable
viral load at the time and used a condom, and in Texas a man who spit
on a police officer was jailed for 35 years. In both cases there was
no transmission, and many HIV experts agree that transmission in these
cases would have been either impossible or nearly impossible.

"I would suggest that perhaps Senator Stone should be more concerned
with advocating for more education about HIV/AIDS and social services
for those already infected instead of trying to stigmatize people with
HIV by treating them as de facto criminals," Bil Browning, founder of
the Bilerico Project, told the Blade.

HIV/AIDS advocates have been seeking for some times to get states to
rethink their HIV disclosure and transmission laws to better battle
the stigma that such laws create for HIV+ citizens. Longtime HIV/AIDS
activists Sean Strub released the following short film earlier this
year to communicate that message.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:14793 Doctors debate HIV testing, pitfalls

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Doctors debate HIV testing, pitfalls
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/Doctors-debate-HIV-testing-pitfalls/articleshow/11531053.cms

TNN | Jan 18, 2012

NAGPUR: A lab technician was recently found conducting HIV diagnosis
tests and a patient committed suicide after being informed that he had
tested positive. Shockingly, a repeat test had shown that the patient
was not HIV positive, but the technician did not reveal this result.

With no framework of law governing the testing of HIV-AIDS in the
country, it has become the personal responsibility of doctors to keep
a check on ethical and legal issues while performing such tests.

To avoid more such tragedies in the future, members of the city branch
of Indian Medical Association (IMA) met to discuss important issues
related to HIV tests on Tuesday. Topics like guidelines of governing
bodies regarding these tests and the difficulties faced by private
practitioners when they suspect HIV positive status of a patients were
discussed.

Programme officer of District AIDS Prevention and Control Unit (DAPCU)
Ganesh Parihar introduced the concept of public-private partnership in
terms of counselling and testing. "As testing is voluntary and not
mandatory in India, it is of utmost importance for the person
undergoing the test to give his consent for it. This consent should be
based on proper information," he insisted.

Parihar also said that doctors who are willing to set up an Integrated
Counselling and Testing Centre (ICTC) within their premises can avail
free testing kits and training for their staff.

Renowned HIV consultant Dr Milind Bhurshundi believed that provider-
initiated testing and counselling would give way to more efficient and
speedy clinical decisions. "In some cases, one consent form is used
for taking consent on more than one issue. Such hidden consents can't
be used for HIV testing. Lack of time, not having a trained counsellor
and less infrastructure can hamper doctors despite their willingness
to have a counselling and testing centre," he said.

"After consulting all stakeholders over a period of two years, a
proposed HIV bill is being prepared," he informed. Since these
guidelines may soon turn into statutory law, he asked the doctors to
be prepared for it.

"When a doctor suspects a patient is suffering from HIV, they just
don't know how to handle the situation. What most of us do not realize
is the fact that counselling is required even before getting someone
tested. Along with passing useful information, it can also help in
bringing about behavioural changes in the suspect," opined surgeon Dr
Ajay Kate.

He said the most important factors for conducting such tests are
confidentiality, a written consent and empowerment by means of
providing information. "Especially in the case of women, they should
be provided the right knowledge on the basis of which they can make an
informed decision about their lives," he added.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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[socialactionfoundationforequity:14793 Compulsory license ensures patent rights & public health: Expert

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Compulsory license ensures patent rights & public health: Expert
http://pharmabiz.com/NewsDetails.aspx?aid=67056&sid=1

Nandita Vijay, Bengaluru
Wednesday, January 18, 2012, 08:00 Hrs [IST]
Compulsory license, specifically under Section-92A of the Patents
(Amendment) Ordinance, 2004 for export of pharmaceutical substances,
ensures a balance between patent rights and public health is
maintained, according to Bindu Sharma, Patent Attorney, Origiin IP
Solutions LLP.

One of the prime objectives of patent grant in India is to ensure that
the inventions are developed in the country on a commercial scale and
to the fullest extent without any undue delay. If an invention by the
patentee ceases to function, or reasonable requirements of the public
are not met or the patented product is not available to public at a
reasonable price, the compulsory license is available as a remedy
against abuse of patent right, stated Sharma while commenting on the
export of pharmaceutical compounds and compulsory license.

Under Section 92A, the compulsory licence is available only for
manufacture and export of patented pharmaceutical product to any
country having insufficient or no manufacturing capacity in the
pharmaceutical sector and is a product addressing the public health
problems, she added.

Compulsory license could be granted, in a national emergency or non
working of the invention for 3 years from the date of grant. The 2005
Act has made certain grounds for compulsory licensing keeping in view
the agenda of Doha Declaration and August 30, 2003 WTO decision.

Section-92A enforced on January 1, 2005, provides for grant of
compulsory licence by the Controller for export of patented
pharmaceutical product in certain exceptional circumstances. It is
granted by the country to which the export is intended. This provision
was further amended by The Patents (Amendment) Act, 2005, to allow
grant of compulsory licence even in cases, where the importing country
has by notification or otherwise, allowed importation of patented
pharmaceutical products from India. Though India provided a
compulsory license provision for exports under section 92A, it has
also put burden on importing countries to amend their legislation if
they require medicines from India, stated Sharma.

Many patent law systems provide granting of compulsory licenses in
various situations. The Paris Convention of 1883 provides that each
contracting State may take legislative measures for the grant of
compulsory licenses. The agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of
Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) also has specific provisions if
a compulsory license is issued.

A case law pertaining to compulsory license under Section 92 A was
when Africa was in the grip of HIV/AIDS epidemic and the patents for
anti-retroviral drug combination (ARV) was the in hands of few
pharmaceutical companies like GSK and Merck among others who were
exclusively marketing the drugs at prices around $10,000 per patient
annually. Cipla, offered a generic version of the drug at about 3 per
cent of the price. The African government procured from Cipla, for
which they were sued by drug multinationals for violating their patent
rights. But they were forced to withdraw the suit due to an outrage by
the international community. This incident became an issue in
international forums like WHO, UN, UNCAD and WTO ministerial
conference at Doha, in November 2001 where the issue of pharmaceutical
patent and public interest was taken up and a declaration was made on
'TRIPS Agreement and Public Health'.

"The Doha Declaration became a milestone in the TRIPS Agreement as it
ensured a balance between public health and patent rights, besides
setting forth a clear preventive standard," stated Sharma.

--
Truth resides in every human heart, and one has to search for it there, and to be guided by truth as one sees it. But no one has a right to coerce others to act according to his own view of truth. - Mohandas Gandhi

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