Wednesday, April 4, 2012

[socialactionfoundationforequity:15142 HIV/AIDS in South Africa

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HIV/AIDS in South Africa
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1753-6405.2012.00861.x/full

Reviewed by Joe Thomas
UNAIDS's Technical Support Facility for South Asia (TSF SA), Nepal

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Volume 36, Issue 2, page 197,April 2012

HIV/AIDS in South Africa
By Salim Karim and Quarraisha Karim . Published by Cambridge University Press , Cape Town , South Africa , September 2005 , Paperback , 590 pages , plus index , ISBN 9780521147934 , RRP $165.95 

This edited volume covers almost all aspects of HIV and AIDS in southern Africa. It has been written by a highly-respected team of South African HIV experts, mostly in the field of biomedical sciences, and provides a thoroughly researched account of the epidemic in the region. The book comprises seven sections and 35 articles, the first of which covers the numbers behind the epidemic; both in terms of evolution and in the current state. Sections following this include: the science of the virus, its structure, diagnosis and spread; HIV risk factors and prevention strategies, focal population groups and the impact of AIDS in all aspects of South African life. The final sections examine treatment of AIDS, the politics of AIDS, mathematical modelling and a discussion on the future of HIV and AIDS in South Africa.

Nelson Mandela's forward to this book is fitting. He hopes and trusts this book is a `call to action'.

This well-edited book should be read by HIV and AIDS policy makers, activists, academics, public health administrators and students who want to understand more about biomedical response to the HIV and AIDS pandemic in South Africa. This book may also be of interest for Australians involved in international health and development issues in general and particularly working on development issues in Africa. Although this book does not challenge or break new grounds of our knowledge about HIV and AIDS in South Africa, this is a timely and much-needed resource which brings a vast array of knowledge together, covering most of the critical issues in one edition.

The language and the information presented is more or less accurate and sensitive to the unique circumstance of HIV and AIDS. However, the authors should have been aware of some of the contemporary usage of terms. For instance, Chapter 14 of the book has been titled `Intravenous Drug Use'. Instead of using this word, the chapter author could have used the words `Injecting Drug Use', or simply `People who Inject Drugs'. For some reason, the 2nd edition of this book omitted Chapter 33 of the first edition, `A litany of errors post 1994' by Nawaal Deane.

To become a definitive textbook for all aspects of HIV and AIDS in South Africa, as claimed by the publisher, the editors should have added additional chapters on social determinants of HIV infection and social, political and structural response to HIV infection in South Africa. While the introductory chapter made an effort to describe "South Africa's response to AIDS epidemic", it lost the analytical rigor as it was attempted to be written from a biomedical perspective. 

AIDS response is increasingly analysed as a transnational social movement, based on the premise of health and access to treatment – which are basic human rights. South African HIV and AIDS activists have contributed significantly to this movement.

Similarly, while Section Three attempts to address `HIV risk factors and prevention strategies' and to cover `HIV vulnerability', the authors are preoccupied with individual risk behaviours rather than looking into deeper aspects of structurally derived vulnerability of people who are infected, affected and likely to be affected by HIV/AIDS.

Section Four attempts to develop a discussion on `focal groups for understanding HIV epidemic', covering heterosexual transmission, young people, female sex workers and migrant population, however, the absent discussion of HIV infection among men who are having sex with men is conspicuous.

A comprehensive discussion on HIV epidemic in South Africa needs a detailed analysis on the HIV and AIDS policies, legal, structural and political dimension of the epidemic, preferably analysed and contributed by authors with backgrounds in the social sciences and public health.

South Africa has a complex `law and order' problem and an entrenched epidemic of HIV. Therefore, this book could also have explored this interaction, the interdisciplinary insights on the connections between law and order, human security and the HIV epidemic. An analysis of gender and rights perspective is yet another critical omission.
South Africa has made great strides in the response to HIV epidemic; however, there are numerous challenges to addressing operational obstacles and fully implementing proven strategies. Therefore, a chapter on facing the programmatic (technical support/capacity development) challenges created by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa would have been appropriate to include.

Overall, this book is a valuable and timely contribution to a growing body of scholarship in the clinical, epidemiological and social contexts of AIDS response in South Africa. If the editors could incorporate a section on social determinants and social context of AIDS response in South Africa in the next edition, the book would provide a more comprehensive understanding about HIV pandemic and the response to contain this pandemic in South Africa and across the globe

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Medarticles need this article urgently

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Dear friends
i need this article urgently. kindly get me this ASAP. thanks

Female pseudohermaphroditism with supplementary phallic urethra.

Thiry AJ, Wincqz PJ, Schulman CC.

Eur Urol. 1979;5(4):285-6.

PMID: 571339 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Medarticles Request for article

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Dear All,

Please help me with the following article

The Art of Meeting Palladium Specifications in Active Pharmaceutical
Ingredients Produced by Pd-Catalyzed Reactions

2004, 346 (8), 889-900

link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adsc.200404071/abstract

Thanks

martolesh
@
gmail.com

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Medarticles: Need 2 full text articles.

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Dear Sir,


Need full text for the below mentioned titles. ASAP.


Josep M. Lluis, Anna Colell, Carmen García–Ruiz, Neil Kaplowitz,  José C. Fernández–Checa. Acetaldehyde impairs mitochondrial glutathione transport in HepG2 cells through endoplasmic reticulum stress. Gastroenterology. Volume 124, Issue 3 , Pages 708-724, March 2003.

 

http://www.gastrojournal.org/article/S0016-5085%2802%2915967-1/abstract?referrer=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov%2Fpubmed%2F12612910

 

Mónica P Polo, Margarita G de Bravo, María JT de Alaniz. Effect of ethanol on cell growth and cholesterol metabolism in cultured Hep G2 cells. Biochemistry and Cell Biology, 2003, 81(6): 379-386, 10.1139/o03-066

 

http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/o03-066?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed

OR

http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1139/o05-160


Regards
Sudheer J.

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Re: Medarticles: Need 1 Ebook.

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Dear Sir,

Good morning. Thanks a lot.

Regards
Sudheer J.

On Apr 4, 3:53 pm, anandkumarreddy <anandkumarre...@gmail.com> wrote:
> D/L from here
>
> Size: 90.7 MBhttps://filepost.com/files/286f56dd/1437703739.pdf
>
> On 4 April 2012 14:48, Manju <sudheer...@gmail.com> wrote:
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
> > Need 1 Ebook.
>
> > 7 – The Psychology of the Aging Spine, Treatment Options, and Ayurveda
> > as a Novel Approach
> > Frank John Ninivaggi
> > The Comprehensive Treatment of the Aging Spine
> > 2011, Pages 30–37
> > •      http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4377-0373-3.10007-7, How to Cite
> > or
> > Link Using DOI
>
> > --
> > You can edit your Group Email settings by visiting the following link.
>
> >http://groups.google.com/group/medarticles/subscribe
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Re: Medarticles: Need 1 Ebook.

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Dear Sir,

Good morning & thanks a lot.

Regards
Sudheer J.

On Apr 4, 3:53 pm, anandkumarreddy <anandkumarre...@gmail.com> wrote:
> D/L from here
>
> Size: 90.7 MBhttps://filepost.com/files/286f56dd/1437703739.pdf
>
> On 4 April 2012 14:48, Manju <sudheer...@gmail.com> wrote:
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
> > Need 1 Ebook.
>
> > 7 – The Psychology of the Aging Spine, Treatment Options, and Ayurveda
> > as a Novel Approach
> > Frank John Ninivaggi
> > The Comprehensive Treatment of the Aging Spine
> > 2011, Pages 30–37
> > •      http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4377-0373-3.10007-7, How to Cite
> > or
> > Link Using DOI
>
> > --
> > You can edit your Group Email settings by visiting the following link.
>
> >http://groups.google.com/group/medarticles/subscribe
>
> > You can choose abridged email or digest email so that you will receive
> > only one email per day.

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Egg-citing Easter Sale Picks!

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Confirmation: "FREE Forex Software Seminar [$1,997 Value....Yours FREE!]"

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Re: Medarticles Postpartum Depression

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2nd one enclosed

On 3 April 2012 18:59, eyup yayci <eyupyayci@hotmail.com> wrote:

Hello Friends

Does anyone has one of these papers?

Could you send me if you have ?

Best Regards

Eyup YAYCI MD
 
1-SKRUNDZ M, BOLTEN M, NAST I, HELLHAMMER DH, MEINLSCHMIDT G. Plasma
oxytocin concentration during pregnancy is associated with development of
postpartum depression. Neuropsychopharmacology 2011;36:1886-93.

2. NISSEN E, GUSTAVSSON P, WIDSTROM AM, UVNAS-MOBERG K. Oxytocin, prolactin,
milk production and their relationship with personality traits in women after
vaginal delivery or Cesarean section. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol
1998;19:49-58.

3. CHATTERTON RT, JR., HILL PD, ALDAG JC, HODGES KR, BELKNAP SM, ZINAMAN MJ.
Relation of plasma oxytocin and prolactin concentrations to milk production
in mothers of preterm infants: influence of stress. Journal of Clinical
Endocrinology & Metabolism 2000;85:3661-8.
 




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Re: Medarticles Help

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enclsoed

On 4 April 2012 05:29, Wania Freitas <freitas.wania@gmail.com> wrote:
Med J Aust. 2009 Sep 7;191(5):289.
First clinical case of a locally acquired carbapenem-resistant VIM-1
metallo-beta-lactamase in Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Australia.
Merlino J, Stokes HW, Cheong EY, Gottlieb T.
PMID: 19740057 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Thanks
Wania Freitas

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Medarticles: Need 1 Ebook.

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Need 1 Ebook.

7 – The Psychology of the Aging Spine, Treatment Options, and Ayurveda
as a Novel Approach
Frank John Ninivaggi
The Comprehensive Treatment of the Aging Spine
2011, Pages 30–37
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4377-0373-3.10007-7, How to Cite or
Link Using DOI

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Re: Medarticles full text please

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enclosed

On 3 April 2012 15:40, Abinaya <abivadivu@gmail.com> wrote:
dear sir,
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cm060223%2B
full text please.
Characterization of Electrospun PVdF Fiber-Based Polymer Electrolytes

thanks ,
abinaya

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Re: Medarticles full text please

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enclosed

On 4 April 2012 13:48, Abinaya <abivadivu@gmail.com> wrote:
dear sir,
full text pls.

1 . http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/polb.21899/abstract?userIsAuthenticated=false&deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=
Electrospinning of ultrafine PVDF/PC fibers from their dispersed
solutions

Haining Na1,†, Xiwang Liu1, Hua Sun1, Yunhui Zhao1, Ci Zhao2, Xiaoyan
Yuan1,*


thank you,
abinaya

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10 Ways to Save Money on Transcription Services

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Add Icy Effects to Your Text

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Icy letters can be a great addition to winter postcards, Christmas cards or any cold weather photos. This simple tutorial for Photoshop will show you how.

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Adobe CS4 64-bit – Not for Mac? Part 2

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Following on from Mondays Post…

Photoshop offers huge speed advantages for those who typically work with large images on systems with RAM of about 32GB and up. Even normal users will possibly see a performance increase of 8% to 12% when using the 64-bit version of Adobe's software compared to 32-bit.

Regrettably this means Mac OS X users will not be able to take advantage of the performance gains in CS4; those who do manipulate massive images on their Mac's may need to use Windows until CS5 is released further down the road.

A Note: Ironically, when Photoshop was initially released back in 1988, the software was available for Macintosh only. The product didn't even ship for Microsoft's platform until 1992, when Adobe ported Photoshop 2.0 to Windows.

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Airbrushing

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Airbrushing can be really fun sometimes, you can create spectacular photos using shading, airbrushing and mixing these techniques. Here is an airbrush technique right here:

Set the brush as above and brush across the canvas until you have a similar look to the one below. Apply the filter > Distort > Ripple Effect with the standard settings repeat a further four times.

Apply the Filter > Blur > Radial Blur Zoom 50% click Edit > Fade Radial Blur > 75%. Set the eraser as above and brush lightly across the canvas until you have a similar look to the one below. Apply a Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur.

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Assembling “reverse phone directories”

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Beauty Salon

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Re: Medarticles need dz paper - reg

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1st, 3rd enclosed


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Ninik Afrizatus S.
Universitas Brawijaya
Malang

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Be Gone Acne!

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Nothing can make you want to toss a photo aside like the presence of acne on the subject of the picture. Don't delete or cast aside that image yet, as you can fix that by touching up that photo in editing.

First, select the picture with the offending acne. Then click on the "Healing Brush Tool" and set the brush size to 5px for an example.

As you choose the brush size, set the "Hardness" to 100% and the "Spacing" to 25%. Press ALT while you click the mouse over a non-blemished area and click over the acne area to "clear up" the skin.

To remedy the areas with two different colors of blemishes, set the "Hardness" to 66% in order to blend the areas for a much more realistic effect. Finally click on Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Hue/Saturation to balance the colors out. The Hue slider for example can be adjusted to even out the reddish colored blemishes.

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Between Color and Black and White

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Once you do the basic color improvements, here's what you do:

  1. Create a new Channel Mixer Adjustment layer (Layer>New Adjustment Layer>Channel Mixer).
  2. Then click to check the box that says Monochrome to make the picture black and white (but don't click OK yet).
  3. You may want to adjust the weights of each color in the black white configuration depending on the picture, then when it looks good to you click OK.
  4. Then make a duplicate of your first layer (the layer containing the picture, not the adjustment layer), make sure you have the right layer selected when you try to make the duplicate. (Layer>Duplicate Layer).
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  6. Then while you still have that layer selected, change it's mode from Normal to Overlay.

After you made those changes your layers should look something like this.

Your picture should now look like its somewhere between color and black and white. If it looks a little too intense try downing the opacity on the top layer a little bit to let more of the black and white through.

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Re: Medarticles need dz paper - reg

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1st, 3rd enclosed

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Business Start-Up Checklist

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Business Start-Up Checklist for Secretarial Services

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Colorize Portions of Black and White

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This tutorial is to help you learn how to make certain spots color after you have converted a color photo to black and white. OK after you have the picture that you want to work on open in Photoshop:

  1. Convert the photo to black and white using a Channel Mixer Adjustment Layer, If you need help with this step please refer to our Conversion to Black and White Tutorial.
  2. Make sure you have Channel Mixer Adjustment Layer selected in the Layers menu.
  3. Click on the Brush Tool,
  4. (make sure the colors you are working with are black and white).
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Create a Simple Wooden Frame

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  1. Open Photoshop. Open the image to create Plain Wood frame.
  2. Create New file with 640 X 480 Pixels and drag the image on it using Move tool.
  3. Create a new layer in the middle of background and image layer. Keep it Selected. You can name it as a BASE frame layer if you want.
  4. Draw rectangular selection around the image for frame using Rectangular Marquee Tool, on the BASE frame layer.
  5. Edit > Fill > Pattern
    (Select Pattern from the Use drop down and Select Wood from custom pattern)
    Deselect using CTRL + D
  6. Layer > Layer Style > Bevel and Emboss (Style : Inner Bevel)
  7. Create another layer above BASE frame layer and draw another rectangle on it using Rectangular Marquee tool. It should be smaller than the rectangle on the BASE frame layer. Fill it with the same wood pattern used for the BASE frame layer. Deselect using CTRL + D.
  8. Layer > Layer Style > Bevel and Emboss (Style : Inner Bevel)
  9. Select image layer
  10. Layer > Layer Style > Bevel and Emboss (Style : Pillow Emboss)
  11. Image > Trim to trim the image.

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Creative Suite Online

Buzz It

CS4 is also ground-breaking through the use of artificial intelligence – the upgraded program is designed to optimize photo editing with better focus, depth and resolution optimization. In pre-release testing it was found that many images which originally came out as not workable were altered into relatively clear pictures using this feature set.

In keeping with the trend to online serves, the new online feature Kuhler (Cooler) allows you to share, collaborate and review other artists work, along with downloading public use templates to augment your images.

In closing, Adobe has done a fantastic job with CS4 and it is a strong buy for photographers, graphic designers and hobbyists alike – if you're running Vista on a newer machine and often use Photo Shop or Illustrator, then CS4 is a must buy for your collection.

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gsk

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