Wednesday, April 18, 2012

Re: Medarticles: Need 1 full text article.

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Enclosed plz find

On 19 April 2012 14:43, Manju <sudheerj99@gmail.com> wrote:
Dear Sudheer,

Kindly get the full text of the article

Fung, C.K.M.  Ning Xi ;  Ruiguo Yang ;  Seiffert-Sinha, K. ;  King Wai
Chiu Lai ;  Sinha, A.A.
Quantitative analysis of human keratinocyte cell elasticity using
atomic force microscopy (AFM)
Journal: IEEE Trans Nanobioscience. March 2011  Vol. 10(1) pg 9-15.
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=5720318&abstractAccess=no&userType=

Additional Details
ISSN :  1536-1241
INSPEC Accession Number: 11971999
Digital Object Identifier :  10.1109/TNB.2011.2113397
Date of Publication :   24 February 2011
Date of Current Version :   25 April 2011
Issue Date :   March 2011
Sponsored by :   IEEE Computational Intelligence Society
PubMed ID :   21349797

Regards,
Sudheer J.

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Regards!
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Medarticles: Need 1 full text article.

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Dear Sudheer,

Kindly get the full text of the article

Fung, C.K.M. Ning Xi ; Ruiguo Yang ; Seiffert-Sinha, K. ; King Wai
Chiu Lai ; Sinha, A.A.
Quantitative analysis of human keratinocyte cell elasticity using
atomic force microscopy (AFM)
Journal: IEEE Trans Nanobioscience. March 2011 Vol. 10(1) pg 9-15.
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=5720318&abstractAccess=no&userType=

Additional Details
ISSN : 1536-1241
INSPEC Accession Number: 11971999
Digital Object Identifier : 10.1109/TNB.2011.2113397
Date of Publication : 24 February 2011
Date of Current Version : 25 April 2011
Issue Date : March 2011
Sponsored by : IEEE Computational Intelligence Society
PubMed ID : 21349797

Regards,
Sudheer J.

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Re: Medarticles need articles urgently

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thanks

On Wed, Apr 18, 2012 at 11:02 AM, Sudheer Jayaram <sudheerj99@gmail.com> wrote:
Hi,

Full text for all the requested references sent to your Email ID.
Hereafter mention your Email ID in this form in every request.
dsouzacris8
@
gmail.com


Regards,
Sudheer J.



On Thu, Apr 12, 2012 at 12:41 PM, Cris <dsouzacris8@gmail.com> wrote:
Hi

Hi

1) Parabens inhibit human skin estrogen sulfotransferase activity:
possible link to paraben estrogenic effects.
Prusakiewicz JJ, Harville HM, Zhang Y, Ackermann C, Voorman RL.
Toxicology Volume 232, Issue 3, 11 April 2007, Pages 248–256
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0300483X07000340

2) Assessment of principal parabens used in cosmetics after their
passage through human epidermis-dermis layers (ex-vivo study).
El Hussein S, Muret P, Berard M, Makki S, Humbert P.
Experimental Dermatology. Volume 16, Issue 10, pages 830–836, October
2007
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0625.2007.00625.x/abstract

3) Comparison of the global gene expression profiles produced by
methylparaben, n-butylparaben and 17beta-oestradiol in MCF7 human
breast cancer cells.
Pugazhendhi D, Sadler AJ, Darbre PD.
Journal of Applied Toxicology
Volume 27, Issue 1, pages 67–77, January/February 2007
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jat.1200/abstract

4)Comparison of paraben stability in human and rat skin.
Harville HM, Voorman R, Prusakiewicz JJ.
Drug Metab Lett. 2007 Jan;1(1):17-21.
http://www.benthamdirect.org/pages/b_viewarticle.php

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Medarticles 1 article

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Deafness with Sporadic Goiter: Pendred's Syndrome
BATSAKIS and NISHIYAMA
Arch Otolaryngol.1962; 76: 401-406.

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The World Bank Trade Research Newsletter, Spring 2012

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Welcome to the 60th issue of the Trade Research Newsletter, a quarterly e-publication featuring the most recent academic publications, working papers and other research activities by the Trade and International Integration Team (DECTI) of the World Bank's Development Research Group.


Contents

A. Special Features

      1. New book: Exporting Services: A Developing Country Perspective

      2. Research highlight: trade facilitation and economic growth

      3. Journal articles and other academic publications

B. Recent Trade Working Papers

C. Event: Trade Cost and Facilitation Workshop, March 2012


A. Special Features

  1. New Book Examines What Contributes to Success in Exporting Services
    Some developing countries have emerged as dynamic exporters of services in the past two decades. Can this dynamism be sustained and replicated in other countries? Arti Grover Goswami, Aaditya Mattoo and Sebastián Séz address this question in a new book, Exporting Services: A Developing Country Perspective. The authors take an eclectic approach, combining exploratory econometric analyses with detailed case studies of representative countries: Brazil, Chile, the Arab Republic of Egypt, India, Kenya, Malaysia, and the Philippines. The book evaluates the role of three broad sets of factors: the fundamentals, which include a country's factor endowments (capital, skilled and unskilled labor), infrastructure, and institutional quality; policies affecting trade, investment and labor mobility in services; and proactive policies in services designed to promote exports or investment. Human capital matters, as well as the state of telecommunications infrastructure and openness to foreign investment. Proactive policies may have helped offset disadvantages in infrastructure and labor and capital markets, but it is hard to establish a causal link. Private sector institutions have played a powerful role in some countries, helping firms overcome market failures and influencing policy. The book illustrates the complexity of policy-making in the service sector, as well as the benefits of well-implemented reforms. For individual chapters and text in details, please visit our website.



  2. Research Highlight: Trade Facilitation and Economic Growth
    What Has Research Done for You Lately? by John S. Wilson
    World Bank research on trade facilitation is dedicated to expanding knowledge about the relationship between trade costs and private sector growth and export competitiveness. A major focus is placed on exploring the dynamic gains associated with lowering trade costs and identifying the relative importance of reform measures in areas such as customs, regulatory reform, standards harmonization, infrastructure investment, and the diffusion of information technologies. The work has contributed to the development of databases, as well as analytic and policy tools, to evaluate the impact of policy reforms in these areas. It has had a direct impact on policy and capacity building through operations. See examples of the impact on operations and policy dialogue.



  3. Journal articles and other academic publications


B. Recent Trade Working Papers and Abstracts

  • Economic integration in the lower Congo region: Opening the Kinshasa-Brazzaville bottleneck (PRMVP) Marius Brulhart, Mombert Hoppe (PRD #5909), December 2011.
    This paper assesses cross-border economic integration in the Kinshasa-Brazzaville conurbation of Lower Congo region. Despite their size and proximity, formal economic exchanges between the two cities are extremely limited. The volume of recorded passenger travel between Kinshasa and Brazzaville corresponds to about one-fifth of the volume of traffic during the time of the Berlin Wall, and formal trade volumes are derisorily small. As a consequence, the authors find evidence of statistically significant differences in retail prices, indicating unexploited scope for cross-river arbitrage. Through a survey of firms, they find that local traders perceive substantial scope for increasing cross-border economic activity if cross-river trade costs were reduced. Trade in locally produced goods and by small firms would especially benefit from such reductions. Existing high trade costs mainly result from a lack of competition in cross-river transport services, which are dominated by a duopoly of state-controlled operators. High administrative border costs, exacerbated by the presence of multiple government agencies at the border, act as a further obstacle. Liberalization of cross-river transport and customs reform could yield large economic benefits for local producers and consumers.


  • Reducing distortions in international commodity markets: An agenda for multilateral cooperation, (PRMTR/DECAR) Bernard Hoekman, Will Martin (PRD #5928), January 2012.
    Global commodity markets are affected by a variety of government policies that may expand or lower overall supply and as a result affect world prices for the specific products concerned. Market failures and market structures (market power along the value chain) also affect supply. This paper briefly reviews a number of factors that may distort international commodity markets with a view to identifying elements of an agenda for multilateral cooperation to reduce such distortions. Much of the policy agenda that arises is domestic and requires action by national governments. But numerous policies - or absence of policy - generate international spillovers that call for the negotiation of international policy disciplines. Independent of whether distortions are local or international in scope, the complexity of prevailing market structures and their impacts on efficiency call for much greater monitoring and analysis by the international community.


  • Reputation matters: spillover effects in the enforcement of US SPS measures, (WBIGC) Marie-Agnes Jouanjean, Jean-Christophe Maur, Ben Shepherd (PRD #5935), January 2012.
    This paper uses a novel dataset on United States food import refusals to show that reputation is an important factor in the enforcement of sanitary and phyto-sanitary measures. The strongest reputation effect comes from a country's own history of compliance in relation to a particular product. However, the data are also suggestive of the existence of two sets of spillovers. First, import refusals are less likely if there is an established history of compliance in relation to other goods in the same sector. Second, an established history of compliance in relation to the same product by neighboring countries also helps reduce the number of import refusals. These findings have important policy implications for exporters of agricultural products, especially in middle-income countries. In particular, they highlight the importance of a comprehensive approach to upgrading standards systems, focusing on sectors rather than individual products, as well as the possible benefits that can come from regional cooperation in building sanitary and phyto-sanitary compliance capacity.


  • Landlocked or policy locked? how services trade protection deepens economic isolation, Ingo Borchert, Batshur Gootiiz, Arti Grover, Aaditya Mattoo (PRD #5942), January 2012.
    A new cross-country database on services policy reveals a perverse pattern: many landlocked countries restrict trade in the very services that connect them with the rest of the world. On average, telecommunications and air-transport policies are significantly more restrictive in landlocked countries than elsewhere. This paper finds evidence that these policies lead to more concentrated market structures and more limited access to services than these countries would otherwise have, even after taking into account the influence of geography and incomes, and the possibility that policy is endogenous. Even moderate liberalization in these sectors could lead to an increase of cellular subscriptions by 7 percentage points and a 20-percent increase in the number of flights. Policies in other countries, industrial and developing alike, also limit competition in international transport services. Hence, "trade-facilitating" investments under various "aid-for-trade" initiatives are likely to earn a low return unless they are accompanied by meaningful reform in these services sectors.


  • Services liberalization and productivity of manufacturing firms: Evidence from Ukraine (ECSP3) Oleksandr Shepotylo, Volodymyr Vakhitov (PRD #5944), January 2012.
    This paper brings new evidence on the impact of services liberalization on the performance of manufacturing firms. Using a unique database of Ukrainian firms in 2001-2007, the authors utilize an external push for liberalization in the services sector as a source of exogenous variation to identify the impact of services liberalization on total factor productivity (TFP) of manufacturing firms. The results indicate that a standard deviation increase in services liberalization is associated with a 9 percent increase in TFP. Allowing services liberalization to dynamically influence TFP through the investment channel leads to an even larger effect. The effect is robust to different estimation methods and to different sub-samples of the data. In particular, it is more pronounced for domestic and small firms.


  • Surviving the global financial crisis: Foreign ownership and establishment performance, Laura Alfaro, Maggie Xiaoyang Chen (PRD #5946), January 2012.
    This paper examines how different establishments performed during the recent global financial crisis, focusing on the role of foreign ownership. The paper investigates how foreign ownership affected establishments' responses to negative economic shocks, using a cross-country panel dataset with detailed information on operation, location and industry for more than 12 million establishments from 2005-2008. The evidence shows that multinational subsidiaries on average fared better than local counterfactuals with similar economic characteristics. Among multinational subsidiaries, establishments with stronger production and financial linkages with parent companies showed greater resilience. Finally, in contrast to the crisis period, the impact of foreign ownership and linkages on an establishment's performance was insignificant in non-crisis years.


  • Services reform and manufacturing performance: Evidence from India, Jens Matthias Arnold, Beata Javorcik, Molly Lipscomb, Aaditya Mattoo (PRD #5948), January 2012.
    The growth of India's manufacturing sector since 1991 has been attributed mostly to trade liberalization and more permissive industrial licensing. This paper demonstrates the significant impact of a neglected factor: India's policy reforms in services. The authors examine the link between those reforms and the productivity of manufacturing firms using panel data for about 4,000 Indian firms from1993 to 2005. They find that banking, telecommunications, insurance and transport reforms all had significant, positive effects on the productivity of manufacturing firms. Services reforms benefited both foreign and locally-owned manufacturing firms, but the effects on foreign firms tended to be stronger. A one-standard-deviation increase in the aggregate index of services liberalization resulted in a productivity increase of 11.7 percent for domestic firms and 13.2 percent for foreign enterprises.


  • An economic integration zone for the East African Community: exploiting regional potential and addressing commitment challenges (AFTP2/PRMTR) Anton Dobronogov, Thomas Farole (PRD #5967), February 2012.
    Integration in the East African Community offers significant opportunities not only to expand trade among member states, but more importantly to scale up regional production to take advantage of much larger global market opportunities. Special economic zones are a potentially valuable instrument to facilitate the integration of regional value chains in support of this scaling up. They also have the potential to deliver powerful demonstration effects on the benefits of integration and to help entrench the integration process. This paper discusses the proposal for developing an "economic integration zone" in the East African Community. The benefits of such a zone could be substantial, as would be the practical challenges to implementation -- in particular the political economy challenges. However, a number of institutional and commercial solutions exist to address these challenges.


  • Regional integration and natural resources: Who benefits? Evidence from MENA, Celine Carrere, Julien Gourdon, Marcelo Olarreaga (PRD #5970), February 2012.
    This paper builds on theoretical predictions that show that gains from regional integration are unevenly distributed between resource rich and poor countries. It explores the effects of different integration schemes in the Middle East and North Africa . The results suggest that within the Pan Arab Free Trade Agreement, there is significant trade creation for resource poor countries associated with regional integration, and no evidence of trade diversion. In resource rich countries, however, there is evidence of pure trade diversion in both resource-rich/labor-abundant countries and resource-rich/labor-importing countries. This underscores the idea that regional integration can help to spread the benefits of unevenly distributed resource wealth among the region's economies.


  • Food standards and exports: Evidence from China, Axel Mangelsdorf, Alberto Portugal-Perez, John S. Wilson (PRD #5976), February 2012.
    Using a new database on Chinese food standards, this paper estimates the impact of voluntary and mandatory standards on its agricultural and food exports. The dataset covers seven Chinese products from 1992 to 2008. The findings here indicate that standards have a positive effect on China's export performance. Standards signal to customers that products meet certain quality measures and promote information exchange. The benefits of increased ex-ports outweigh compliance costs. Our results also show that theses positive effects are larger when the standards are consistent with international norms.


  • Geography and exporting behavior: Evidence from India, Megha Mukim (PRD #5979), February 2012.
    This paper examines locational factors that increase the odds of a firm's entry into export markets and affect the intensity of its participation. It differentiates between two different sources of spillovers: clustering of general economic activity and that of export-oriented activity. It also focuses on the effect of the business environment and that of institutions at the spatial unit of districts in India. The study disentangles the within-industry effect from the within-firm effect. A simple logit specification is used to model the probability of entry. The analysis is based on a panel of manufacturing firms in India, which allows for the introduction of firm-specific controls and a battery of fixed effects. The findings suggest that exporter-specific clustering, general economic agglomeration, and institutional factors affect firms' export behavior.


  • Spillover effects of exchange rates: A study of the Renminbi, Aaditya Mattoo, Prachi Mishra, Arvind Subramanian (PRD #5989), March 2012.
    This paper estimates how changes in China's exchange rates would affect exports from competitor countries in third-country markets - in other words, the "spillover effect." The authors use recent theory to develop an identification strategy, with a key role for the competition between China and its developing country competitors in specific products and export destinations. Using disaggregated trade data, they estimate the spillover effect by exploiting the variation across different exporters, importers, products, and time periods. They find a spillover effect that is statistically and quantitatively significant. Their estimates suggest that a 10-percent appreciation of China's real exchange rate boosts a developing country's exports of a typical four-digit Harmonized System product category to third markets by about 1.5 to 2 percent on average. The magnitude of the spillover effect varies systematically with the characteristics of products, such as the extent to which they are differentiated.


  • Trade causes growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (PRMTR) Markus Brückner, Daniel Lederman (PRD #6007), March 2012.
    In the 1990s the mainstream consensus was that trade causes growth. Subsequent research shed doubt on the consensus view, as evidence suggested that the identification of the effect of trade on growth was problematic in the existing literature. This paper contributes to this debate by focusing on growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. It estimates the effect of openness to international trade on economic growth with panel data. Employing instrumental variables techniques that correct for endogeneity bias, the empirical evidence suggests that within-country variations in trade openness cause economic growth: a 1 percentage point increase in the ratio of trade over gross domestic product is associated with a short-run increase in growth of approximately 0.5 percent per year; the long-run effect is larger, reaching about 0.8 percent after ten years. These results are robust to controlling for country and time fixed effects as well as political institutions.


  • Putting services and foreign direct investment with endogenous productivity effects in computable general equilibrium models, David G. Tarr (PRD #6012), March 2012.
    This paper summarizes several recent papers and builds policy-based computable general equilibrium (CGE) models showing the dynamics of services, FDI and the endogenous productivity effect from services. The modeling framework shows that the liberalization of barriers against FDI in services yields welfare gains several times larger than the usual estimates from traditional CGE models, which focus on goods trade, not FDI in services. The larger estimates are consistent with econometric evidence on the gains from services liberalization. The paper begins with a small stylized model to help understand the fundamental economics. Then it describes models developed at the request of the Russian government to assess the potential impact of Russia's accession to the WTO. Reviews of the work indicated that the modeling helped the Russian government gain public support for the WTO entry. The paper also describes a new technique that allows modelers to include tens of thousands of households in the model.


  • R&D and aggregate fluctuations, Erhan Artuc, Panayiotis M. Pourpourides (PRD #6017), March 2012.
    The research and development (R&D) sector is considered one of the main driving forces of sustainable growth in the long run. The sector, however, also shows excessive volatility and is one of the important sources of macroeconomic fluctuations. Using data from the US BEA and NSF, we show how significant technology innovations' contributions are to improve sector productivity and the efficiency of physical capital. After taking nominal innovations into consideration, such as shocks in monetary policy and inflation, capital innovations explain 70 percent of fluctuations of real investment in R&D, while productivity innovations in the R&D sector explain 30 percent of the variation in the output of the non-R&D sectors. Technology innovations explain most of the variation of output in the R&D sector and 78 percent of the variation of output in the rest of the economy. Although the R&D sector is relatively small, it has a significant impact on the fluctuations of aggregate output.



C. Event: Trade Cost and Facilitation Workshop at New York, March 9, 2012
The World Bank Trade Research Group had recently co-hosted an academic roundtable at Columbia University in New York City last month exploring how least developed countries (LDCs) can overcome economic vulnerabilities and better manage risks in order to achieve sustained, equitable, and inclusive economic growth. The round table focused on how World Bank and other research can inform priorities for the LDCs. Justin Yifu Lin, Chief Economist and Senior Vice President of the World Bank gave the keynote address at the event organized in partnership with the UN's Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS), and the APEC Study Center as Columbia University. The event provided a forum to discuss the implementation of the United Nations Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA) for the Least Developed Countries, established at the Fourth UN conference on the LDCs in May 2011. For program agenda and presentation info, please click here Agenda and Materials.
From research to action – Priorities for least developed countries in a changing global economy. The trade team at the World Bank also continues with new research work on the role of product standards – such as standards for food and agricultural products – in influencing trade flows and economic development – especially focused on the low income countries. For more info, please visit our website.
Additional information: Increasing South-South Trade: A Research Agenda for a Changing World


For subscriptions and archived Trade Research E-Newsletters, click here

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World Bank Trade Research website: http://econ.worldbank.org/programs/trade

World Bank Trade website: http://www.worldbank.org/trade

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Re: Medarticles 1 article

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Unfortunately no access to this very old article (1967)

On 18 April 2012 09:22, amit saxena <rinkuamit71@gmail.com> wrote:

Solubility Studies of Estradiol in Organic Solvents Using Gas-Liquid Chromatography

Journal of Chromatographic Science (1967) (6):290-296.



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Medarticles artigo

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Hi,

Can somebody help me with this paper?

Thanks in advance, Rei


Rivaroxaban (Xarelto)--a new oral anticoagulant.

[No authors listed]

Med Lett Drugs Ther. 2011 Aug 22;53(1371):65-7

http://secure.medicalletter.org/cannotaccess?ac=1&a=1371b&t=article&n=11345&p=tml&title=Rivaroxaban%20(Xarelto)%20-%20A%20New%20Oral%20Anticoagulant&i=1371

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World Bank Note: European Bank Deleveraging: Implications for Emerging Market Countries

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European Bank Deleveraging: Implications for Emerging Market Countries

Authors: Erik Feyen, Katie Kibuuka, & Inci Ötker-Robe

Just before the 2008-9 global financial crisis, policy makers were concerned about the rapid growth of bank credit, particularly in Europe; now, worry centers on a potential global credit crunch led by European banking institutions. While recognizing that concrete evidence is limited by significant data gaps and lags, this note discusses the dynamics of European bank deleveraging and possible implications for emerging market economies (EMEs). Overall, the information available as of early 2012 shows a marked deterioration of credit conditions across Europe. Data also suggest that spillover effects are already being felt around the globe and imply significant channels through which deleveraging could have disruptive short and long-term consequences for credit conditions in EMEs, particularly in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). However, the significant liquidity support provided by the European Central Bank (ECB) since December may be a "game changer," at least in the short term, because it has helped revive markets and limited the risk of disorderly deleveraging. The extent, speed, and impact of European bank deleveraging will henceforth depend largely on the evolution of market conditions, which in turn are guided by the ultimate impact of ECB liquidity support, attainment of sovereign debt sustainability and fiscal convergence within the euro zone, and credibility of the European rescue fund as an effective firewall against contagion.


The Economic Premise notes are produced by the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) Network Vice-Presidency of the World Bank. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the institution.

To read previous Economic Premise notes, please click here: www.worldbank.org/economicpremise

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The Times of India Daily Newsletter

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April 18, 2012

Top Headlines

Woman 'molested' for refusing to join Trinamool Congress
A woman in West Bengal attempted suicide after she was molested and her family members were beaten up by a group people for her refusal to join the TMC

My battle is against immigration, don't ridicule me: Norway's mass killer Breivik
Norwegian anti-Islamic fanatic Anders Behring Breivik today demanded his killing of 77 people last summer be judged as a battle against immigration.

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Jet Airways blamed 'commercial reasons' for the move, but IndiGo said it was prompted by 'arbitrary display of fares and opaque pricing' on the travel portal.

Cities

Decapitated body of actress recovered
The body of a small-time model was recovered today from the sewage tank of a house where her father was arrested by the Mumbai Police.

ACP booked for rape, faces arrest
The Azad Maidan police registered a rape case against assistant commissioner of police Anil Mahabole on Tuesday.

Business

Retail inflation spurts to 9.47% in March
Retail inflation spurted to 9.47% in March because of higher prices of milk, vegetables, protein-based items and edible oil products.

RIL moves SC seeking arbitration on KG basin
Reliance Industries Ltd today approached SC seeking appointment of an arbitrator on behalf of government to decide its dispute with the Krishna-Godavari basin.

Sports

Punjab eye fresh start against Kolkata
Two consecutive wins have infused Team Punjab with fresh energy in their step ahead of the home clash against Kolkata on Wednesday.

Chris Gayle's huge six injures female spectator
Chris Gayle on Wednesday dropped in a city hospital to meet the little girl Tia Bhatia, who was injured after his six hit her in Chinnaswamy Stadium stands.

Entertainment

Super excited to play Dawood Ibrahim, says Sonu Sood
Bollywood actor Sonu Sood is excited to essay underworld don Dawood Ibrahim in Shootout At Wadala, and he is doing his bit to carry off the role perfectly.

Tabu wraps up 'David'
Versatile actress Tabu, who has been maintaining a low profile, will soon be seen in Bejoy Nambiar's "David".

Infotech

BlackBerry Curve 9220 launched in India @ Rs 10,999
Beleaguered smartphone maker Research In Motion on Wednesday launched its youth-oriented Curve 9220 in India

Google: Don't need license to use Java in Android
Google Inc, whose Android software runs on more than 300 million mobile devices, denied stealing Oracle Corp' technology to develop the program

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